Located in a Former Capital

With inscribed features which date to the period(s) when it was a Capital

Connected Sites

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Aachen Cathedral Holy Roman Empire (800 - 814)
Abbey of St Gall Convent of St. Galle is located in St. Gallen which was a capitol city of independent principality in 13th century.
Agra Fort Agra, the former capital of Mughal Empire (1526 - 1658)
Ahwar of Southern Iraq Ur was the capital of Sumer during the 3rd millennium BC
Aksum Aksumite Kingdom (400 BC- 10th century)
Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad Hammadid Empire (1008-1090)
Ambohimanga Madagascar 1710-1787
Ancient Kyoto Japan (794 - 1868)
Ancient Merv Abbasids
Ancient Nara Japan from 710 to 784
Ancient Thebes Egypt during 11th and 18th Dynasties
Angkor Khmer Empire
Ani Between 961 and 1045, it was the capital of the Bagratid Armenian kingdom that covered much of present-day Armenia and eastern Turkey (wiki)
Antigua Guatemala Seat of Spanish colonial government for the Kingdom of Guatemala, which included Chiapas (southern Mexico), Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica
Anuradhapura Anuradapura Kingdom (382BC - 1018)
Archaeological Site of Aigai Capital of ancient Macedonia
Arles Capital of Kingdom of Arles (933-1378)
Arslantepe Mound Arslantepe was the capital of the autonomous Neo-Hittite kingdom of Melid/Malatya (Iron Age, 1100-712). (Nomination Text, p. 54)
As-Salt As-Salt was the capital of Transjordan before this was moved to Amman. (AB Ev)
Ashur First capital of ancient Assyrian Empire
Asturian Monuments Asturian Kingdom
Avignon Avignon Republic (1135-1226)
Ayutthaya 1350-1767 - Ayuttaya Kingdom (Siam)
Babylon Babylon was the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire
Baekje Historic Areas Baekje Kingdom (Gongju, Buyeo)
Bagan From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom, the first kingdom that unified the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. (wiki)
Bahla Fort Bahla Fort was the capital of Banu Nebhan tribe during 12th-15th centuries
Berat and Gjirokastra Gjirokastra, former Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus
Bryggen Bergen, capital of Norway (1070-1299)
Brú na Bóinne Knowth served as the capital of Brega in the 9th century. It became the capital of united Ireland in the 10th century under Cormac MacMaelmithic.
Budapest Buda on several occasions
Bukhara Samanid 850- 999, Khanate of Bukhara c1530- 1922
Burgos Cathedral Castile 11th - 15th Century
Bursa and Cumalikizik Bursa was the first capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1413
Canal du Midi Canal du midi is in Toulouse, ancient capital of the Visigoths (418-508)
Caral-Supe Capital of Norte Chico civilization 2600-2000 BC
Carthage Carthaginian Empire, 814BC-146BC
Champaner-Pavagadh The remains of the 16th century capital of the state of Gujarat
Chan Chan Chimu Capital 850-1470
Chavin Capital of Chavin 900-400 BC
Chola Temples Two of the Chola Temples are located in Thanjavor and Gangaikonda Cholapuram, ancient capitals of Chola Empire (850-1279)
Cidade Velha
Citadel of the Ho Dynasty The Ho Citadel was the capital of the Tran dynasty from 1398-9 and of the Ho dynasty from 1400 when Ho Quy Ly put his son on the throne by marrying him to a Tran princess, until 1407.(AB ev)
Classical Weimar Capital of (Grand) Duchy of Saxe-Weimar
Cordoba Western Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba (756-1031)
Costiera Amalfitana Amalfi, capital of Republic of Amalfi and Duchy of Amalfi
Cuzco Inca Empire 13th Century - 1533
Dacian Fortresses Sarmizegetusa Regia was the capital of the Dacians
Dougga/Thugga Capital of Numidia until 46 BC
Dubrovnik Ragusa Republic (1032-1808)
Edinburgh Scotland 1452 - 1707
Fasil Ghebbi Gondar, old imperial capital city of Ethiopia
Fatehpur Sikri Mughal Empire (1571-1585)
Ferrara Duchies of Modena and Ferrara
Florence Tuscany 1569-1860, Italy 1865-71
Fort and Shalamar Gardens Lahore, capital of Mughal Empire (1584-1598)
Forts and Castles Gold Coast In 1844,(Cape Castle)became the seat of the colonial Government of the British Gold Coast." "The Gold Coast Colony, established on July 24, 1874, comprised the coastal areas and extended inland as far as the ill-defined borders of Asante"..."Shortly after ... the British moved the colonial capital from Cape Coast to the former Danish castle at Christiansborg in Accra". (Wiki)
Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings Guggenheim Museum: New York was capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz Dessau, capital of Duchy of Anhalt-Dessau (1396-1853)
Genoa Republic of Genoa
Gordion "capital of the Phrygian polity" (AB ev)
Granada Kingdom 1250-1492
Grand-Bassam French colonial capital of Cote d'Ivoire
Great Smoky Mountains Oconaluftee, the former Cherokee Capital, located within the park.
Great Spa Towns of Europe Vichy "was the capital of Vichy France from 1940 to 1942." .. "Vichy would be, for more than four years, the de facto capital of the French State. Paris was still the official capital, although the Vichy France government never operated from there. "
Guimarães Portugal 1095 - 1131
Gusuku of Ryukyu Shuri, the capital of ancient Ryukyu Kingdom
Gyeongju Silla Kingdom
Hampi Hindu Kingdom of Vijayanagara
Hattusha Hittite Empire, 1650 BC-1250 BC
Humayun's Tomb Delhi, Capital of Sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526)
Hué Vietnam (1775-1945)
Imperial Tombs The tomb of the first Ming emperor is located in Nanjing, the first capital of Ming Dynasty and capital city of Repubic of China
Independence Hall In Philadelphia, the first capital city of USA (1790s)
Island of Mozambique Of Portuguese East Africa until c 1898
Island of Saint-Louis It has variously been capital of Senegal, Afrique Occidentale Fran?aise (AOF) and Mauritania when that entity was regarded as being separate from AOF.
Istanbul Byzantine Empire 330-1453, Ottoman Empire 1453-1920
Itchan Kala "It is the former capital of Khwarezmia and the Khanate of Khiva" (wiki)
Jelling During 30 years in the 10th century Jelling was the capital of unified Denmark under Harald Blatand.
Kaesong capital of Korea during the Koryo Dynasty
Kairouan Kairouan - capital of Aghlabid Kingdom
Kandy The last independent Kingdom of Sri Lanka (1592- 1815)
Kazan Kremlin Khanate of Kazan (1438-1552)
Keoladeo National Park Located in Baratpur, capital of Maharajah of Baratpur (1670-1947)
Khami Ruins Rozwi Empire (1684-1834)
Koguryo Kingdom Koguryo Kingdom (277 BC to AD 668)
Koh Ker "Koh Ker was a capital of the Khmer Empire between 921 and 944 CE" (AB ev)
Kraków Poland on several occasions
Kunya-Urgench Capital of Khwarezmia 1077-1221
Kyiv Cathedral and Lavra Kievan Rus 882-1169
La Lonja de la Seda Kingdom of Valencia (1237-1707)
Levuka capital of Fiji (1871-1877) (wiki)
León Cathedral Leon, capital of Nicaragua several times in history (alternating with Granada)
Liangzhu Archaeological Site Liangzhu City was the capital and power centre of the whole Liangzhu society (AB ev)
Loire Valley Orleans (Part of Loire Valley), capital city of Merovingian kingdom of Orleans and later Duchy of Orleans
Longmen Grottoes Luoyang was the Northern Wei capital from 493-534 and during the Tang dynasty (904?907)
Luang Prabang Kingdom of Luang Prabang and later Laos (1707-1975)
Luther Memorials Wittenberg was a capital of Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg (1260-1356)
Lübeck Capital of the Hanseatic League 1361-1535
Makli, Thatta Capital of Sindh 1592-1739
Malbork Castle Located in Malbork, formerly Marienburg, the capital of the State of the Teutonic Order (1308–1454)
Mantua and Sabbioneta Duchy of Mantua (1273-1707)
Mapungubwe remains of three capital sites
Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Located in Turkestan which is assumed to have been Beitan, Capital of Kangju 250 BC-300
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor Xi'an (Chang'an) several times
Mbanza Kongo Kingdom of Kongo
Medina of Fez Capital of Kingdom of Fez (1472-1554)
Medina of Marrakesh Morocco (several times)
Meidan Emam, Esfahan Shah Abbas the Great 16th century - 1722
Meknes Morocco (1672-1727)
Melaka and George Town Melaka - Capital of Sultanate of Malacca (1402-1511)
Mexico City and Xochimilco Includes the site of Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire 1325-1521
Minaret of Jam possibly the Turquoise Mountain, the lost medieval Afghan (Ghurid) capital until 1220
Modena Duchy 1452-1860
Modernist Kaunas "Kaunas served as capital of the new nation-state from 1919 to 1939" (AB ev)
Mount Wuyi During the Western Han Dynasty, the ancient city of Chengcun was the capital of the Minyue kingdom
Mtskheta Georgia 3rd Century BC - 5th Century AD
Mudejar Architecture of Aragon Parts of Aragon's Mudejar are in Zaragoza, former capital of Kingdom of Aragon
Museumsinsel (Museum Island) East Berlin (GDR) (1949 - 1990)
My Son Ancient Champa Kingdom
Mystras Capital of Principality of Achaea (1249-1261) and Despotate of Morea (1380-1460)
Nancy Duchy of Lorraine
Naples Kingdom of Naples (1282 - 1816)
Nisa Parthian Empire
Novgorod Republic of Novgorod (12th-15th centuries)
Oaxaca and Monte Alban Ancient Zapotec
Ohrid Region Bulgarian Empire 990-1015; also Ohrid, then named Lychnidos, was the capital city of the Illyrian Dassaretii.
Old City of Acre Kingdom of Jerusalem 1187-1291
Old City of Jerusalem Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1187)
Orange Principality of Orange (1163-1713)
Orkhon Valley Karakorum 13/14th century Genghis Khan; Khar Balgas was the capital of the Uighur Empire, which governed the area for around 100 years in the 8th and 9th centuries.
Palmyra Palmyrene Empire of Zenobia (260-273)
Paphos In Greco-Roman times Paphos was the capital of Cyprus
Pasargadae Achaemenid Empire - Darius
Pattadakal Chalukya Kingdom (c. 543-757)
Pearling Muharraq served as capital of Bahrain until 1923
Pergamon It became the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon during the Hellenistic period, under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 BC. (wiki)
Persepolis Achaemenid Empire - Cyrus
Petra Nabathean Capital 700 BC-106
Piazza del Duomo (Pisa) Republic of Pisa
Polonnaruva Kingdom of Polonnaruwa (1055 -1284)
Potala Palace Tibetan Empire
Pyramids (Memphis) Memphis was capital of Lower Egypt during Old Kingdom until 2200 BC
Qal'at al-Bahrain Capital of Dilmun
Qalhat mythical first capital of Oman, second capital of the Kingdom of Hormuz
Quedlinburg Quedlinburg is dubbed as Germany's First Capital, having been the place where Heinrich der Vogler (Henry the Fowler) was offered the German crown in 919 by Franconian nobles. Henry's son, Otto I (Otto the Great) became king of the Holy Roman Empire.
Qutb Minar Delhi, Capital of Sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526)
Québec Capital of New France, the area colonized by France in North America
Ravenna Western Roman Empire (402-476)
Red Fort Capital of Mughal Empire (1649-1857)
Regensburg Principality of Regensburg (1803-1810)
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy Turin, the first capital of unified Italy
Rio de Janeiro The city was the capital of Brazil for nearly two centuries, from 1763 to 1815 during the Portuguese colonial era, 1815 to 1821 as the capital of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves, and 1822 to 1960 as an independent nation (wiki)
Roskilde Cathedral Roskilde, Denmark (c.1020 1443)
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France Including sites in Poitier, capital of powerful Duchy of Aquitain, Toulouse and Arles which also were capital cities
Royal Exhibition Building Australia 1901-27
Royal Palaces of Abomey Abomey - Capital of the Dahomey Kingdom 1625-1892
Salvador de Bahia Brazil 1549-1763
Salzburg Salzburg has been the capital of an independent state from the early 14th century until 1805
Samarkand Timurlane et al 1530 - 1630
Samarra Abbasid Caliphate (836-892)
Sambor Prei Kuk Ishanapura, the capital city of the Chenla Empire
San Pedro de la Roca Castle Cuba 1522-1589
Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan, the former capital of Ambrosian Republic (1447 - 1450) and Cisalpine Republic (1797-1802)
Santiago de Compostela Capital of Kingdom of Galicia (410-1833)
Sassanid Archaeological Landscape first capital of the dynasty
Seville Almohad Empire (1170-1212)
Sheki Of the Shaki Khanate (between 1743 and 1819)
Siena Republic of Siena, 1115-1555
Sigiriya Capital of Sri Lanka during the reign of parricidal King Kassapa I (477-495)
Site of Xanadu From 1274, Xanadu became Kublai's summer capital (Capital of the Yuan Dynasty)
Soltaniyeh Soltaniyeh used to be the capital of Ilkhanid rulers of Persia in the 14th century.
St. George, Bermuda (1612 - 1815)
St. Petersburg Russian Empire 1712-1918
Stari Ras and Sopocani Stari Ras, capital of medieval Serbian state of Raska, 825-997
Statue of Liberty New York was capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790
Stone Town of Zanzibar Sultanate of Zanzibar (1856-1964)
Sukhothai 1238- 1438 Sukhothai Kingdom (Siam)
Susa Elamite capital
Syracuse Due to a political plan desired by Constans II, Syracuse became the capital of the Byzantine Empire in place of Constantinople, from 663 to 668. (wiki)
Tabriz Bazaar From the Mongol invasion up to 1501 was the capital of various Turkoman states centered on Azerbaijan and, from 1501-48 of the Safavid Iranian Empire of Shah Ismail I
Taj Mahal Agra, the former capital of Mughal Empire (1526 - 1658)
Taxila Winter capital of Kushan Empire (60 - 375)
Temple, Mansion and Cemetery of Confucius Located in Qufu which served as the capital of the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period
Teotihuacan Teotihuacano Empire, 200 BC-750
Thang Long Former residence of Vietnamese monarchs until 1810, when Hu? became the capital
Thessalonika Kingdom of Thessalonica (1204-1224)
Thracian tomb of Kazanlak Seuthopolis, Capital of ancient Thrace, 5th-3rd Centuries BC
Tiwanaku Tiwanaku Empire, 300-1000
Toledo Spain 15th century -1561
Tomb of Askia Located in Gao, capital of Songhai Empire (1340-1591)
Trang An includes Hoa Lu, the ancient capital of Viet Nam in the 10th and 11th centuries (AB ev)
Turaif Quarter first capital of the Saudi Dynasty
University of Coimbra capital of Portugal (from 1131 to 1255)
Urbino Urbino was the capital of the Duchy of Urbino, which was an independent state from 1443 until 1625.
Vat Phou Former capital of Champasak Kingdom
Venice and its Lagoon Republic 9th century -1797
Vienna Several, starting with Holy Roman Empire (1558 - 1806)
West Lake Hangzhou was the former capital of the Wuyue Kingdom from 907 to 978 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period and then that of the Southern Song Dynasty when they regrouped after their defeat at the hands of the Jin in 1123. It was known as Lin'an and remained the capital from the early 12th century until the Mongol invasion of 1276. (wiki)
White City of Tel-Aviv Israel May-dec 1948
White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal Russia (1169 - 1327)
Xanthos-Letoon Capital of Lycia
Yaroslavl Russia (1611 - 1612)
Yin Xu Shang Dynasty (1766 BC - 1050 BC)
Yungang Grottoes Datong was the capital during Northern Wei Dynasty (386-493)
Zabid Zabid was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century


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