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World Heritage Site

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Luang Prabang

Luang Prabang

The Town of Luang Prabang is noticed for its special form of urban development, partly traditional Lao and partly colonial.

This 19th and 20th century devolpments have resulted in a blended townscape that has been well-preserved. Luang Prabang originated as a defended royal administrative complex, with adjacent temples and monasteries.

Luang Prabang is located in north central Laos, on the Mekong River. Until the communist takeover in 1975, it was the royal capital and seat of government of the Kingdom of Laos.

Map of Luang Prabang


  • Cultural

Visit March 2011

I am sorry to say that this was another disappointment, another case of probably expecting too much (like the Ellora Caves). Luang Prabang is almost unanimously praised. And sure, maybe I was "late" and the town is too commercialized now. But I don't believe that the essence was much different 10 years ago: Luang Prabang has a great location and a charming atmosphere. But let's be honest: there's not a whole lot to see.

March 2011

I think that a lot of people enjoy coming here because of its mediterranean feel - it's slow, sunny, romantic. There are dozens of cafés and restaurants. You can unwind, relax. It's also quite a contrast with Bangkok or Hanoi, two cities where most people fly from into Laos. I travelled through Laos from South to North (leaving Luang Prabang for the last), so I had already got used to the country's quietness, the baguettes and Lao Beer.

March 2011

Luang Prabang certainly is lacking authentic historic sights. I have read the AB evaluation a couple of times now, and it's thin, very thin.

March 2011

All's bad then, avoid it? No, certainly not. I loved Wat Xieng Thong with its glittering exterior mosaics. The former Royal Palace is also worth a visit. But don't confuse Luang Prabang with the whole of Laos - I enjoyed my stay in the South (an almost different country from the North), the East (with its Plain of Jars and turbulent history) and the various forms of land and river transport that will get you around the country, eventually.

Community Reviews

Clyde Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Luang Prabang by Clyde

I visited this WHS in February 2011. Luang Prabang is a perfect fusion of traditional architecture, Lao urban structures and European colonial structures built in the 19th and 20th centuries. There are several wats to visit and nearby Buddhist caves. The highlight of my visit though was giving early morning alms to the Buddhist monks of the town. A totally unique experience and one of my favourite WHS.

Frederik Dawson Netherlands - 18-Jun-09 -

Luang Prabang by Frederik Dawson

I have to admit that I really do not want to write this review as I do not want Luang Prabang to be changed by influx of tourists that may decided to visit this one of the most stunning places in Southeast Asia after read this review. Luang Prabang as I mentioned one of the best places to visit in this region was the former capital of ancient kingdom of Lan Xang or the land of million elephants, Luang Prabang was one of the cultural centers of this region; many temples in such small town are the greatest testimony of local wealth and civilization. Sadly that Luang Prabang as present is just the shadow of its former glory as the town had been destroyed by Chinese invasion, most of the temples and town were rebuilt in 19th and 20th centuries, so this town is quite unique as the town had been rebuilt in the time that French had started its influence in Indochina, so this town has unique blend of local and colonial architectures as well as urban layout.

For amazing local architecture and art, temples are the places to see, Luang Prabang has many temples, although the town can not compete on the number of temple like Bangkok or Chiang Mai in Thailand which has more than 300 temples in each city, the art of Luang Prabang temple is in the same league of beauty and maybe more appreciated to admire. The top three of the must see temples are Wat Xiang Thong, the former royal temple and the sole survivor from the town destruction is famous for it graceful main chapel called “sim” and colorful mosaic decoration, the tree of life mosaic behind sim is one of the best art in Asia. Wat Sene, this stunning temple has beautiful golden decoration and is one of my favorite. Wat Mai with its 3-cm thick golden coated wooden wall is maybe one the most stunning art in this small town.

Not only temple the town offered, its old palace and colonial quarter are also interesting. The palace’s main hall and its chapel that build to keep Prabang Buddha, the holy Buddha statue that the town named after, are the must see. However for the colonial quarter is not a top sight, the buildings are pretty, but most of them have been turned to be restaurants or shops for backpackers. Actually the colonial area is easily divided into two areas to serve two groups of tourists, backpackers and well spend tourists – a real tragic of tourist business for this town. In the palace area, many small tour agencies and restaurants making this area to be liked the infamous Khaosan of Bangkok, while in Wat Sene area is full of beautiful restored colonial houses that turned to be boutique hotels, spas and really nice art galleries!

Tourism has already changed this town; everywhere seem to be for tourists, the old colonial buildings become hotel complexes, daily well organized night market for tourist to shop with no product for locals, double price for foreigners, Buddhist ceremonies have been treated like cultural shows and etc. Luang Prabang is suffering since its soul is gradually destroyed by tourism; UNESCO only can keep the buildings, but can not protect the town characteristic. In my opinion, Luang Prabang is not so such special or unique in terms of architecture; there are many similar beautiful temples or towns in nearby northern Thailand, the former Lanna Kingdom, the sister kingdom of Lan Xang, but Luang Prabang is maybe the last bastion of this region that still can perfectly keep its bygone age atmosphere of Indochina, and that is the uniqueness of this town that should be kept and the only thing that we can help this town is being a responsible tourist with lots and lots respect to its glory heritage. Luang Prabang is truly depended on our decision while we are in this fragile jewel.

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Community Rating

Community Rating 3.68. Based on 14 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Town of Luang Prabang

Unesco ID: 479

Inscribed: 1995

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 2   4   5  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 1995 - Inscribed 


The site has 1 locations.

  • Luang Prabang


The site has 27 connections.



  • Mosaic art: Wat Xiang Thong's mirror mosaic
  • Theatres: Ballet Theatre in the Royal Palace Complex
  • Boats: All major temples in the old town have their own long boats for annual boat racing festival




  • Coronation Locations: The last king of Laos decorated and refurbished Luang Prabang royal palace for his coronation, before the end of his monarchy.
  • Fusion: "fusion of traditional architecture and Lao urban structures with those built by the European colonial authorities"

Human Activity

  • Chariots: The Golden Royal Funeral Chariot is kept in Wat Xiang Thong
  • Festivals: Pii Mai (Laos New Year)
  • Crown Jewels: The regalia of Laos are kept in the Royal Palace Museum
  • Cremation: Luang Prabang's royal cremation chariot is kept in Wat Xiang Thonh
  • Gilded Lacquer or Urushi: Wat Xiang Thong's main hall is decorated with black and gold lacquer

Religion and Belief


  • Built in the 20th century: Due to its OUV "in the years between 1915 and 1925 a new concept, that of urbanizatlon, was Introduced" (AB ev), though there are older temples and stupas


WHS on Other Lists

  • World Monuments Watch (past): Chom Phet Cultural Landscape (2006)
  • UNESCO 'LEAP' program
  • U.S. Ambassadors Fund : Restoration of Wat Xieng Thong (Temple of the Golden City) in Luang Prabang (2011), Conservation of 16th-Century Statues and Other Ethnographic Objects at Wat Visoun in Luang Prabang (2010), Preservation of the Collections in the Luang Prabang National Museum (2009), Preservation of the Lao National Museum Collection (2007)

World Heritage Process


171 community members have visited Luang Prabang.