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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Fasil Ghebbi

Fasil Ghebbi

Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region, are the remains of a fortress-city that was the residence of the Ethiopian emperor Fasilides and his successors.

The founder of Gondar was Emperor Fasiladas who, tiring of the pattern of migration that had characterised the lifestyle of so many of his forefathers, moved his capital here in 1636 AD. By the late 1640s he had built a great castle here, which stands today in a grassy compound surrounded by other fortresses of later construction.

In addition to this castle, Fasiladas is said to have been responsible for the building of a number of other structures. Perhaps the oldest of these is the Enqulal Gemb, or Egg Castle, so named on account of its egg-shaped domed roof. Other buildings include the royal archive and the stable.

Beyond the confines of the city to the north-west by the Qaha River there is another fine building sometimes associated by Fasiladas - a bathing palace. The building is a two-storeyed battlemented structure situated within and on one side of a rectangular pool of water which was supplied by a canal from the nearby river. The bathing pavillion itself stands on pier arches, and contains several rooms which are reached by a stone bridge, part of which could be raised for defence.

Map of Fasil Ghebbi

Legend

  • Cultural

Visit December 2003

My first view of Gonders heydays fell upon Fasiladas Baths. This pool lies in a rustic setting somewhat out of town. Sitting on the steps leading to the water, you can only imagine how it looks like during a major religious festival.

December 2003

In the center of town you find the Royal Enclosure. Here four castles and several other buildings from the 17th century remain. Still the most prominent one is that of King Fasilades himself. Round shaped towers characterize this European / Moghul looking castle.

December 2003

The whole historic area is amazing, and a pleasure to be in. Gonders modern town is also a nice place to spend a few days.

December 2003

Community Reviews


James Larsen USA - 08-Jul-09

The road from the south from Bahir Dar goes along Lake Tana up to Gondar. Along the way is a heritage site that has ruins left from a 1500's castle with Portuguese influence where you would never expect to see it. Entering Gondar and seeing this magnificent and very much in tact site with many buildings was well worth the trip. And there are otehr things to do around this area including the famed Church with the angel faces.


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Community Rating

Community Rating 3.10. Based on 5 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Fasil Ghebbi, Gondar Region

Unesco ID: 19

Inscribed: 1979

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 2   3  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 1979 - Inscribed 
  • 1978 - Deferred Bureau - ICOMOS want more info

Locations

The site has 8 locations.

  • Fasil Ghebbi: Bath of Fasilidas
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Debre Berhan Selassie
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Fasil Ghebbi palace compound
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Gorgora (Monastery and Church)
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Kiddush Yohannes
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Palace of Guzara
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Qusquam (Monastery and Church)
  • Fasil Ghebbi: Thermal Area the Sosinios (also known as Maryam Ghemb)

Connections

The site has 16 connections.

Architecture

Constructions

History

  • Fusion: Gondarian style: buildings marked by Hindu and Arab influences, subsequently transformed by the Baroque style brought to Gondar by the Jesuit missionaries.

Religion and Belief

  • Ethiopian Orthodox: Ethiopian Orthodox Churches
  • Jesuits: "the Baroque style brought to Gondar by the Jesuit missionaries" (unesco website)
  • Jewish religion and culture: Fasil Ghebbi and the other remains in Gondar city demonstrate a remarkable interface between internal and external cultures, with cultural elements related to Ethiopian Orthodox Church,Ethiopian Jews and Muslims. (UNESCO website)

Timeline

Trivia

WHS on Other Lists

World Heritage Process