Photo by Shandos Cleaver.

Levuka Historical Port Town is a Pacific urban landscape that represents the effects of 19th-century British colonisation based on maritime extraction and export.

This port on Ovalau Island was developed by colonisers and became the first colonial capital of Fiji. The town generally consists of single or two-storied wooden buildings, merging local traditions with colonial standards. The preserved monuments include the former Cakobau Parliament House site, the Sacred Heart Cathedral, residential and commercial buildings, churches, schools and constructions related to port activities.

Community Perspective: Getting to Levuka from Nandi, Fiji (where most international flights land) is quite an effort. The place seems abandoned but still has charm. Anthony describes what you may expect from a visit, while Shandos has shared the practicalities.

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Shandos Cleaver

Australia - 16-Apr-24 -

Levuka by Shandos Cleaver

Levuka is not an easy site to get to, even if you start on the right side of the world in Sydney, Australia. From Sydney, it's a just a quick 4-5hr flight to Nadi, the main airport in Fiji, from where most people head directly to resorts. But then you need to get to Suva, on the other side of Viti Levu, either a short flight or a 4-5hr bus ride. And Levuka is located on the small island of Ovalau, just off the coast to the north. Previously, there were flights to Ovalau, but there haven't been commercial flights now for multiple years due to the state of the runway. Instead, it's a 4-5hr trip by a bus/ferry combo.

After a late departure from Sydney, luckily all our other transport connections ran smoothly. We selected to take the cross-island bus rather than fly to Suva, as the flights didn't line up and the bus ticket was about 10 or 15% of the cost of a flight. The cross-island buses often run a little late, but at least we stopped on the way at a market - a good spot for cheap snacks. Also, make sure you turn up at the "loading" not the "departure" time for the bus/ferry - it often departs early!

It ended up taking about 24hr to arrive in Levuka from Sydney, including a hotel stay in Suva with a late arrival and early departure (we recommend the Capricorn Hotel near the bus station), but then we arrived right in the heart of Levuka.

Beforehand, I wasn't feeling that optimistic about Levuka's OUV. I've visited a few capitals and towns in the Pacific, which tend to be underwhelming. Fiji is more developed than many countries, with modern buildings in Nadi and Suva, but that's certainly not the case in Levuka, which is like stepping back into the past.

One of the most charming parts of Levuka is its main street, Beach St, lined with old wooden storefronts. (Just ignore the noisy generator at the "power station", presumably supplying power to the whole town, and the nearby modern fish processing factory.) Wandering around the town, you'll come across plenty of old churches and schools dating to the 19th century, plus historical points of interest.

Levuka is a fairly fragile site. One of the old general stores burnt down only a few years before the site was added to the list - an ever present danger when so much is constructed from wood. Plus the town was nearly directly hit by the record breaking Cyclone Winston in 2016 - I think some of the history signs around town still haven't been replaced.

The museum was temporarily closed during our visit - I'm not sure for how long, although it did look like renovations were underway. It would be great to see more funding for the town's preservation. It reminded me of Tlacotalpan in Mexico, though more rickety and less tequila. 

We stayed for 2 relaxing nights at Levuka Homestay, run by an Australian couple who have lived on the island for over 20 years. Their very comfortable rooms are surrounded by a lush tropical garden, and there's a great view from the top of the property where a generous breakfast is served in the morning. We didn't get up to much except wander around the town, plus to the north and south. There's no nearby beach, although it might be possible to swim somewhere at high tide. 

We arrived on a Saturday morning, when the town was bustling with residents from all around the island. Be warned that it's not best to visit on a Sunday at the moment (except to take photos with clear streets). At the moment there are only 2 restaurants operating, both that close on Sunday, although it's hoped that a new place is opening soon that will be open on Sunday. We made do with snacks from the supermarkets (some that still open on Sunday) and the bakery (which has limited hours on Sunday). 

Visiting Levuka opened our eyes to a very different side of Fiji, that you entirely miss if you just visit a resort like we have previously done. People are very friendly and welcoming, especially in Levuka. Plus it's a lot cheaper than expected, especially the food. Restaurant meals in Levuka are about 5-7 EUR (plus bring your own beer from the supermarket), the ubiquitous roti snacks under 1 EUR. It's well worth a visit!

Anthony Sun

USA - 06-Jun-17 -

Its May in the South Pacific and we are into the dry season. My wife and I have spent the last three weeks, with two other couples enjoying and exploring a myriad of different islands. It is interesting to distinguish the differences between the Melanesians, Micronesians and Polynesians. Also I am reading the wonderful travel book, 'The Happy Isles of Oceania' by Paul Theroux.

Everyone is packing to go home except I am doing a last excursion to Levuka on my own. No one else wants to make this trip and Mrs Sun insists its time for her to return home to see her grandchildren. So after sending them off at Nandi, Fiji to fly to Los Angeles, I start my attempt to hit another WHS.

If you are in this part of the world, most international flights come in and out of Nandi, Fiji. From here to get to Levuka is quite an effort.First of all, you need to get to Suva, the Capital of Fiji which is 4-5 hours by bus across the main island of Viti Levu.

Then you overnight and catch the early bus from Suva to Levuka which is 2 hours by land and 45 mins by ferry to the island of Ovalau and then another 45 mins round island on gravel road where you will be deposited in downtown Levuka. The return bus starts out at 4.00am!

Its a one street town and so you cannot get lost. Look for the Royal Hotel for a room. The hotel was built in the 1860s and is the oldest in Fiji and claims to be the oldest in the South Pacific. They have clean rooms, some with kitchen but no hot water. There are also two B&B places in town with 5-6 rooms each.

I am flipping through the sign in log and notice that there are no more than 5-6 international visitors each month. The rest are local Fijians who come to work at the Bumble Bee tuna canning factory on the outskirts of town. That translates to under a 100 tourists a year. I was told that in 2013 after the WHS inscription there was a flurry of visitors but it has dwindled. Cyclone Winston also hit the town very badly in 2016 and many buildings are still shut from damage.

Its a very small town and I walk up and down the main street 3-4 times looking into every store.

The town was built up in the 1870s when Fiji was ceded to the British here in Levuka. The buildings are built with Oregan timber and is mostly one or two stories with a frontal facade. The foot path in front of the buildings used to be the ocean front. Overtime they built a veranda in front of the buildings and the road in front has been reclaimed land. I am pleased to say that its now paved with a sea wall. Outside town, the road is gravel.

It reminds me of old Hawaiian plantation towns At the end of town, is an old grocery and draper with a facade of Morris Hedstrom Ltd. Built in 1868, its was the first liquor store in Fiji and now its the library, museum and tourist information. I meet Lydia who is the official guide to Levuka and ask her to take me on a tour. The cost is only $10 Fijian and she reluctantly agreed because there is a minimum of 4 for a tour. She confesses that this is the first tour of the year. So if you are there, tell her that you need to do the tour and she is very nice about it. Besides there is nothing else to do in Levuka and you are stuck for at least overnight.

So we start at the site where it all began. The place where the Fijians ceded their country to the British and when Levuka became the official capital of Fiji under the British. Its a place 200 m south of town and now has three plaques. The first to commensurate cessation in 1874, the next is the centenary of 1974 and the last of independence in 1970. We then took a leisurely walk through town to view town hall 1898, Sacred Heart church 1858 (picture shown above) though the tower was originally wooden, Masonic lodge 1875, first public school 1879 etc

The WHS plaque is prominently displayed right by the sea wall mid town.

My impressions are that the town is certainly historical for Fijians and the buildings are authentic enough, though getting funds for repairs from the cyclone using timber from Oregon would be challenging. Its not easy to visit but my rationale is that visiting the South Pacific is in itself a challenge and so tacking on this side trip is ok.

The biggest downside is that the tuna canning factory emits a very strong dried fish odor that is constant everywhere. Its something that I am used to but I can see how it can be nauseating for those who are not used to it.

Sera D. Nabukabuka

Fiji - 01-Oct-14 -

Well Levuka was a home for me ten years back. The Heritage is like a candle light that never fades away. With the old style of nature and free- styled multi-cultural society, I felt that theres no reason to seek for transfer. I have been to the peak a couple of times with my brothers and sister, have travelled to St John College twice and did my practicum at Levuka Public School. At the moment I am still looking forward to taking my children to this beutiful and peaceful town to experience the love and peace of Levuka and its, although old but free and friendly nature.

Vereniki Nalio

Fiji - 19-Mar-14 -

I am glad to see that Levuka is inscribed in the World Heritage Listing after many years of struggle to preserve, safeguard and promote one of the many historic landmarks in Fiji' Levuka is unique amongst many countries of the world.I had visited Levuka Town before the inscription in June 2013 and hope to see many revitilisation and work in terms of keeping Levuka town since the government is pouring funds into the maitenance of this historic port town.

David Oakley

Fiji. - 23-Sep-13 -

Was based there for 5yrs with Customs...2000 to 2005.wonderful place and people.Sites and many great things to see.Listening to the history of the place told by the elders is also another great experiance.So glad the sight has been approved for World Heritage.

John booth

New Zealand - 03-Sep-13 -

Levuka by John Booth

From 1874, when Fiji was ceded to Queen Victoria, until 1879 Levuka was the capital city of Fiji. Actually it was little more than a village, one kilometer from end to end.

Once the capital was transferred to Suva its decline began. An attempt to revitalise it was made when a tuna canning plant was built, but otherwise, the streetscape along the waterfront from the Cession Stone to Gun Rock remains pretty much unchanged. Even if the streets have reverted to gravel, as they would have been in 1879, Levuka still has its charm.

Yogesh Maharaj

Australia - 28-Jul-13 -

I was born in Suva Fiji in 1975, and schooled at Leveuka Public School from 1983-1987. In this time I loved everything about Levuka, the people, culture, heritage and the good times. It was evident then that the national language was English, as I had to learn it straight away.

But 26 years after 1987, I visited Levuka on the day it was listed under world heritage, I so surprised,I arrived that night and the next day went to the museum and spoke a couple of people and asked them what the heritage listing meant for them. It is great honor one said, and the other said hope it brings in more tourists.

My personal take on Levuka was sad, in some ways as the place seem to have been abandoned in some regards, with the LEvuka club closed, Masonic hall burnt, the roads were gravel where they used to be sealed. Just seemed to be a town that was struggling, I hope with this Heritage listing the government of Fiji really puts their effort into this town to promote and preserve it. My son aged 10, daughters aged 6 & 3 really loved Levuka. It still is Levuka, and it was great getting back to this beautiful place.

Site Info

Full Name
Levuka Historical Port Town
Unesco ID
2 4
Urban landscape - Colonial

Site History

2013 Inscribed

2012 Incomplete - not examined


The site has 1 locations



The site has

Art and Architecture
Human Activity
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process