Red Fort

Red Fort
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The Red Fort Complex is considered the final flourishing of Mughal architecture, combining Islamic, Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditions.

It was built in the mid-17th century, and became a symbol of power of Mughal emperor Shahjahan. It was the palace of his, Shahjahanabad. He moved his capital from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign, and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests.

After 1857 the site was used as the headquarters of the British Indian Army. They introduced new colonial-style buildings and functions over the earlier Mughal structures. It was also the place where Indian independence was first celebrated, and is still celebrated today.

The Complex consists of:

Red Fort, with:

  • Walls, bastions and gates
  • Chhatta Chowk, palace market
  • Naubat Khana or Naqqarkhana Drum House
  • Diwan-i-Am, Hall of Public Audience
  • Palace pavilions and the Nah-i-Bihisht, Stream of Paradise
  • Diwan-i-Khas, Hall of Private Audience
  • Hammam Baths
  • Moti Masjid, Pearl Mosque
  • Hayat-Baksh Bagh, Lifegiving Garden
  • British period buildings

Salimgarh Fort (an older fort, connected to the Red Fort by a bridge).

Map of Red Fort

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Els

Visit February 2011

Forts are among my least favourite WHS, and this one is no exception. To do it justice I have to say that it is much more than a fortress - It reminded me of the Forbidden City, with its endless rows of gates and audience halls, built to impress.

February 2011

The more interesting structures are at the back of the complex, after you have suffered the queue at the security gate (well, not much of it at the Ladies entrance) and the souvenir stalls at Chhatta Chowk. These structures at the back are all made out of white marble. I especially liked the Hammam.

February 2011

I arrived here with Delhi's Hop on Hop off Bus - an easy way to reach all 3 Delhi WHS in one day. At least - that's what I thought until I learned that the full circuit takes 4 hours to complete. And that is only the bus ride, sight visits of about 1 - 2 hours not included. So after Qutb Minar, Jantar Mantar and the Red Fort I decided to stop my efforts and returned "home" effortlessy by metro.

February 2011

 

Community Reviews

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Clyde

Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Red Fort by Clyde

This WHS is very similar to the red Agra Fort and could be quite confusing to discern when trying to recall both experiences. However, the Red Fort in Delhi is truly a national and worldwide heritage site and encloses several buildings, palaces, courtyards and gardens within its walls. I visited this WHS in January 2012.


I have been to the Red Fort Complex myself and it can be very crowded in the evening there are quite little shops before entering the real Red fort complex. The Red Fort complex is extreamly similar to the Agra Fort in Agra. The fee for entering the Red Fort is 100 Rupees for adults and children are free.


Christer Sundberg

Sweden -

Red Fort by Christer Sundberg

Lal Qila – The Red Fort – with its mighty red walls that extends for over 2 km is for sure the most important and majestic of all sights in Dehli. Construction was begun in 1638 by the mighty Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and was completed 10 years later.

With its gates, palaces, bazaars, gardens, fountains and pavilions its and eloquent reminder of the glory of the Mugal era and its magnificence simply leaves one awestruck. It’s a calm haven of peace which helps one to break away from noisy and busy life outside the walls of the Fort, and transports the visitor to another realm of existence.

And after having dreamt yourself away to another age and time you can return to the present at the little Tea House, were you quickly realize that you’ve been taken for a ride when receiving the bill..!


Site Info

Full Name
The Red Fort complex
Unesco ID
231
Country
India
Inscribed
2007
Type
Cultural
Criteria
2 3 6
Categories
Secular structure - Military and Fortifications
Link
By ID

Site History

2007 Inscribed

1993 Referred

Bureau - Better nomination documentation etc required

Locations

The site has 1 locations

Red Fort

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A. Mehmet Haksever AC Aanusha Afshin Iranpour Alberto Rodriguez Gutierrez Alex Pflugfelder Alexander Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Alias65 Alliosoncita La unica Peruchita Amohanty Andrew Wembridge Angela Vandyck Anna Sunesson Anna Wludarska Annalett Swanepoel Anne_Mellow Antlane Anuradha Goyal Arianna Artur Anuszewski Atila Ege BH Bas Bergecn Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero Bin Bob Parda Boj Bram de Bruin Brigitte Huber Buzz CH Carlo Medina Carlo Sarion Carlos Garrido Caroline Jones Carolinerowe25 Catherine Rankine ChenMing Cheryl Chris Law Christer Sundberg Christine Swanson Cindy Casey Claire Bradshaw Claire Taylor Claire Whiteley ClaireWhiteley Clem C Clyde Colin Corbomite Corinne Vail Craig Harder Cyba Daniel Gabi Dasexps David Gee David Marton Dean Swift Deborah Caster Delpupp Diggy Dimitar Krastev Donald M Parrish Jr Donia Duesi73 Eleonora Elias Elisabeth Fransisca Situmorang Els Slots Eric Lorentz Eric Lurio Eric PK F Robert Fan Yibo Faruk BUDAK Fedekiwi Felicite Fairer-Wessels Filip Murlak Fmannucci Frank Frederik Dawson Gagan Gill Garrett Gary Arndt Garyrjtaylor Ge zhang Geert Luiken George Evangelou Gernot Gianmarco Gill Colman Gisella Gopal Greg Troy Grzegorz Andruszkiewicz Guillaume Gustavo Leit HE SHAOMIN Hadrianus Hamid Handballrama Hannes Muehlbacher Harald T. Houqian Howard Brayer Howe Siang Tan Hrishikesh Hurrvinek IC Iain Jackson Ian Coldwell Ibonez Iwilliams J Mitchell Jacob Choi Jacob Otten Jai Bharathi Janis Janmoch Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jason and Corrinna Jean Lecaillon Jean-Philippe Platroz Jean-Rene Berge JeanK Jeanne OGrady Jeffrey Chai Ran Jennifer Prout Jiangliu bian Joachim Nölte-Baumann Joel Baldwin John Green John Smaranda John booth Johnson Zhao Jonathanliao Jordi Martinez Jos Schmitz Josie Borst Joy Bose Joyce van Soest Jtb105 Judit Dalla Judith Tanner Julianna Lees Julirose Gonzales Justinawallace Karen Kunzel Karen M. Karl Grossner Kelly Henry Kevin Knight Kevin Wang Klaus Bondar Knomadc Koen Vliegenthart Krijn LaVale Lale Eralp Turkey Lauren Leontine Helleman Lindsay Hasluck Liu tuo Liuhua LonelyCanopy Lorenzo Mejino Lovinfosse@gmail.com Ludvan Luis Filipe Gaspar Luke LOU MHasuly MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Malgorzata Kopczynska Maltishah100 Manuel Francis V Marcel staron Marius Marlies van Wolfswinkel Marton Kemeny Maryhattie Massimiliano croce Mateusz Matthew Harris Matthewsharris Mauro Martino Michal Kozok Michal Marciniak Michelle.has.murphy Miguel Gallego Miguel Marchi Mikael Zhang Mikko Milan Jirasek Miles Hu Monica Tasciotti Monxton Morodhi Myra Lynn Gilig NG Naim Y Nan Nej153 Nihal Ege Okke Olli-Pekka Turunen PabloNorte Pang Liang Fong Pascal Cauliez Patrick Matgen Patriks Paul Hilder Paul Schofield Peltzi Peter Day Peter mathews PeterA Petteri Philipp Peterer PhotographyBar Pieter Dijkshoorn Piotr Piotr Sebastian Sikon Qin Xie Qqalexqq Ralf Regele Randi Thomsen Ravishankar Reza Riccardo Quaranta Ritesh Prasad Rjgry Rob Wilson Rochelle Angus Roger Ourset Roger Wall Ronald Lange Rswood Ryan09sb Sabariah Sachin Satyajit kkanekahn Saxondean Sergio Arjona Seudy Shandos Cleaver Shaun Ankers Socon Solivagant Stanislaw Warwas SteO153 Stephanvermeulen Stephen Brooker Stephen S. Kamin Steve Newcomer Steve Preddy Strogan Su Yen Chen Sue hayton Sujan Kumar Sumo446595@hotmail.com Sun_jianyuan@me.com Super-Sophie Sutul Svermeulen Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Teresa J. Wilkin Tevity The Salmons Thomas Buechler Thomas Kunz Thomas cahalan Thomas van der Walt Timallen Timothy C Easton Tom Wong Tonioto Tony0001 Toya HornHoward Travelindan Travtasy Trevni Truls Brekke Urs Vernon Prieto Vicente B. Avanzado Jr. Voyager WHS Lux Walter H. Wang Qin Watkinstravel Werner Huber William Quan Wolfgang Hlousa Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Wouter Xiquinho Silva YAO WEI Yorch Yuri Samozvanov Zhang xiaozhong Zhao, hui Zos M Zoë Sheng