Amami-Oshima Island, Tokunoshima Island, the northern part of Okinawa Island and Iriomote Island currently harbour diverse fauna and flora that are characterized by high proportions of endemic and rare species such as the Iriomote leopard cat.
The archipelago became isolated after the formation of the Okinawa Trough, and species evolved "to form unique and rich biota". The property accounts for less than 1% of the whole land area of Japan, yet it accommodates about 17% of the nation’s endangered vascular plants.
Pavel Matejicek Czechia - 26-Feb-17
I visited Okinawa island in March last year. According the locals, March-April would be the best time to visit and explore the island in order to avoid winter cold, summer hot&humidity, monzoon of May, and typhoons of fall.
The Yanbaru forest is located in the norden part of the island, and Nago is the best place to stay&go further to north. This part of the island is quite remote, and due to the infrequent public transport - which I used to visit Hiji falls protected area, renting a car would be better and more efficient alternative.Read On
Arslantepe Mound comprises the archaeological remains of a palace from the 4th millennium BC.
It dates from the Uruk Period and shows the interaction between Eastern Anatolia and Mesopotamia. The “palace” is a large mud-brick complex of several buildings. The walls still have their white plaster, and red and black wall paintings.
Stanislaw Warwas Poland - 15-Feb-21
Visited November 2020
Turkey has already the oldest proto-urban settlement (Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük) and the oldest temple/sacred site (Göbekli Tepe) inscribed on World Heritage List, and probably soon the oldest palace or rather administrative and residential complex will find its place on the List – Archaeological Site of Arslantepe. By writing ‘oldest’ I mean the oldest and most remarkable found until now.
I’ve never heard about Arlsantepe before it was nominated for 2020; but reading the short description on Unesco site, I realized that this one is widely known as Melid, a late or neo-Hittite settlement [...]Read On
As-Salt is the birthplace of an eclectic Architectural School during the late 19th century, when it saw an influx of traders of Nablus.
Architecturally elegant buildings were constructed, built in mix of Ottoman tradition and the Nablusi style with honey-coloured local stone. Abdel-Rahman 'Aqruq was its most notable architect.
Wojciech Fedoruk Poland - 13-Mar-17
Nowadays As-Salt is nothing more but a satellite city of Amman agglomeration. But until the First World War it was a serious rival of current Jordanian capital. It faced substantial growth particularly in the end of XIXth century, when many wealthy families from the land now called West Bank moved to As-Salt. During this time a Palestinian architect Abdel-Rahman Aqruq formed a new style calle „Arab eclecticism”. As the name suggests, the style was a mix: arabic tradition and european styles (classicism and (neo)gothic are clearly visible, so do secession elements). That style spread over the whole Middle East, which was these days united under Ottoman Empire. Given the importance of this movement, As-Salt will attempt inscription on World Heritage List in 2017.Read On
Chankillo Archaeoastronomical Complex
The Chankillo Archaeoastronomical Complex is an archaeological site occupied between 500 and 200 BC and having ritual, astronomical, administrative and defensive functions.
The most outstanding construction is a series of 13 stone towers built on the crest of a hill, allowing the date to be known on any given day and to follow the movements of the sun throughout its annual cycle. It is believed to be the oldest astronomical complex in the Americas.
Lauren USA - 19-Nov-19
I made it a goal to visit all of the UNESCO sites in Peru and as many of the tentative sites as I could during a five-week trip in 2014. Of all of the sites, Chankillo was by far the most challenging to visit because of the lack of infrastructure and information online. When I saw that it's being put forward for a nomination in the near future, I figured it was time for a review.
Chankillo is an astronomical complex in western Peru, about half way between Trujillo and LimaRead On
The Settlement and Artificial Mummification of the Chinchorro Culture comprises three locations along the arid Pacific coast of Chile.
The Chinchorro who lived here between 6000 and 2000 BC mainly relied on fishing. They are known for their detailed mummification technique; some 282 mummies have been recovered, spanning not only the elite but all members of society.
Walter Switzerland - 20-Sep-22
The property centers around the Chinchorro people who lived in the arid coastal area of the Atacama Desert (in northern Chile and southern Peru), from around 5000 BC to 1000 BC. They were marine hunters-gatherers and are known for having left behind the oldest know artificial mummification of bodies (predating the Egyptian mummies). The Chinchoro mummified all the dead, including children and even miscarried fetuses.Over the centuries, the mummification process complexified with dismembering and reassembling the bodies and the use of artificial clay face masksRead On
Church of Atlántida
The Church of Atlántida is a construction known for its innovative construction technique designed by Eladio Dieste.
The works of Eladio Dieste show a local, innovative form of architecture. He was an engineer and built a range of structures. He started in the 1940s. His works can be found in Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina and Spain.
Assif Germany - 22-Mar-16
As I wrote in the forum, it still remains to be determined which ones of Dieste's works in Uruguay are going to be included in the nomination, but two of them are certain: Cristo Obrero church in Estacion Atlantida and San Pedro church in Durazno. During my last visit to Uruguay I visited the first of the two which is situated about 50 km away from Montevideo and quite close to Atlantida, which is a busy summer resort. The church is not at the resort itself but in a small, poor neighbourhood constructed around the railway station some 5 km inland. The church is situated right where you enter this neighbourhood and is easy to overlook. Despite its unusual shape, its small size, earthen colours and proximity to other buildings make it difficult to spotRead On
Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands
The Colchic Wetlands and Forests is a serial nomination with seven components of two warm-temperate humid ecosystems.
It consists of low altitude wetlands of bogs and mire, close to the Black Sea on one side, and on the other side, higher altitude ancient deciduous rainforests.
Zoë Sheng Chinese-Canadian - 04-Jun-19
I visited Kolkheti on my way to northwest Georgia (Abkhazia and Svaneti). By visited I more or less mean taking a stroll next to lake Paliastomi that borders it. There is actually no way to just walk into the park at the moment which is great for protection but surely a blow for anyone wanting to visit it as the only way to visit is via a boating tour that last around 2 hours. The location just off the Black Sea is great for birds. The area around the park is rather dirty and poor, with Poti being a major port and lots of trucks coming and going (it reminds me of the Bangladesh entry point of the Sundarbans - you will know what I mean if you see it). If this were not on the nominated list I would not drive down to PotiRead On
Colonies of Benevolence
The Colonies of Benevolence is a relict cultural landscape of isolated peat and heath wastelands that were colonized in the 19th century in a model for pauper relief.
The included components in the Netherlands are Frederiksoord-Wilhelminaoord and Veenhuizen. The first was a free colony (founded by The Society of Humanitarianism to help poor citizens), the latter an unfree colony (where people were sent by the State and had to live under a more strict regime). In Belgium, the Colonies of Benevolence comprises the 19th century agricultural pauper colony of Wortel.
Els Slots The Netherlands - 09-Jul-16
Between 1815 and 1830, the current states of the Netherlands and Belgium were united for a short period in the ‘United Kingdom of the Netherlands’. They are now working on a joint nomination for 2018 to highlight a specific experiment of that era: the efforts of the so-called ‘Society of Benevolence’ to “improve the inhumane conditions suffered by many of the poor”. The Society established domestic colonies to reeducate paupers (tramps, orphans, down-at-heel families) by means of land reclamation and agricultural innovation.Read On
The Cordouan Lighthouse is considered an architectural and engineering masterpiece.
It stands on a rocky plateau in the Gironde estuary on the French Atlantic coast, about seven kilometres from the mainland. The 68-metre-high tower has been in operation since 1611 and is the oldest lighthouse in France. It is considered a Renaissance masterpiece, the architect was Louis de Foix.
Frontiers of the Roman Empire – The Danube Limes (Western Segment) is a serial transnational site that comprises the remains of the Roman border along the Danube river.
- The German part consists of 24 locations between Eining near Regensburg and Passau near the Austrian border. The eastern end of the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes is directly adjacent to the Danube Limes. The majority of the structures are preserved below ground, original remains are visible at Bad Gögging (thermal baths), Regensburg (Porta Praetoria, included in the WHS Old Town of Regensburg), and at the Roman Museum Boiotro in Passau.
- The Austrian part consists of 47 locations between the German border close to Passau (Bavaria) and the Slovakian border near Bratislava. The majority of the structures are preserved below ground, visible remains can be found at Mautern, Traismauer, Tulln, Zeiselmauer, and Petronell-Carnutum.
- The Limes Romanus in Slovakia comprises 6 locations, centered around the remains of the Roman military camp Gerulata in Rusovce (Bratislava) and the military fortress Kelemantia in Iza. They date from the 1st and 2nd century respectively.
Zoë Sheng Chinese-Canadian - 14-Jul-18
The Slovakian extension to the Roman Frontier Fortifications is minor but in my opinion highly important to the history of the Roman Empire. There are only two locations in Slovakia due to the Danube being the natural border between the Germanic and Roman forces. I went to the museum near Bratislava just across the river, far enough outside the city to actually not be Bratislava anymore but more importantly nowhere near bad traffic. The museum is called Ancient Gerulata Rusovce and features a small Roman military camp.Read On
Dholavira: A Harappan City
Dholavira is an archaeological site that contains ruins of an ancient Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan city.
The fortified city flourished between 3000 and 1800 BCE. It had an efficient water conservation system. Unlike Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, the city was constructed to a pre-existing geometrical plan consisting of three divisions – the citadel, the middle town, and the lower town.
Getbol, Korean Tidal Flat
The Tidal Flats (Getbol) on the southwest coast of Korea, distributed in Gomso Bay, Yeoja Bay, and Hamhae Bay (seashores) and the Sinan archipelagos, are unique macrotidal flats where typical embayed tidal flats turn into open-coast tidal flats during the monsoons.
The tidal flats also serve as a stopover for migratory birds flying to Siberia on the East Asia Flyway. In addition, a variety of life forms are found in the southwest tidal flats; it is home to some 150 species of macrobenthos, and the once damaged colonies of halophytes are thriving on the land today.
Kyle Magnuson California - United States of America - 11-Jun-11
Upon visiting Suncheon Bay in 2011, I quickly came to the conclusion that these highly diverse tidal flats have potential for world heritage status. As one of the most beautiful natural places in Korea (in my opinion), I am now interested in visiting more "Getbol" in Korea. Besides Suncheon, there are 5-6 other major tidal flat locations in southwestern Korea (even more have been protected recently leaving potential for a future expansion). Suncheon Bay is pristine, picturesque and the most well-known. Inevitably, this results in higher developments in tourism infrastructure to manage larger numbers of visitors. The tidal flats are home to a diverse range of species, from various types of crabs, mudskippers, to a multitude of common and rare birdsRead On
Great Spa Towns of Europe
The Great Spa Towns of Europe are a group of eleven spa towns from seven countries.
They represent the development of European spa tradition from its roots in the antiquity to the peak in the 19th and early 20th century.
The included towns are: Baden bei Wien (Austria), Vichy (France), Spa (Belgium), Bath (UK), Montecatini Terme (Italy), Baden-Baden, Bad Kissingen, Bad Ems (all Germany) and Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně, Františkovy Lázně (all Czechia).
Els Slots The Netherlands - 08-Nov-14
There's a rather grand transboundary nomination in the making called Great Spas of Europe. 16 Spa Towns scattered through Germany, Czech Republic, Austria, Italy, France, UK and Belgium are preparing a serial nomination on 19th century European spa culture. The final selection will hold less sites (maybe as little as 7 or 8). Bath, Spa, the West Bohemian Spa Triangle, Baden-Baden and Vichy seem to be the most likely ones to make the cut.
Last weekend I visited the Belgian town of Spa, a safe bet as it is considered the "original" spa after which the other 19th century resorts were namedRead On
The Cultural Landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat comprises agricultural villages and their lands in two valleys in the Zagros mountains.
The semi-nomadic inhabitants perform steep-slope agriculture with the use of traditional dry-stone terracing and water management practices. Hawraman/Uramanat is located in the mountainous Kurdistan Province of Iran.
Himā Cultural area
Ḥimā Cultural area comprises 6 collections of rock art in an arid area.
The Hima wells were on the ancient caravan trade routes and carvings on its rocks provide a record of those who passed the time here. The engravings include human figures, animals and texts in different languages. The oldest are said to date back to 7,000 years ago.
Zoë Sheng Chinese-Canadian - 27-Sep-19
It is hard to figure out where these rock art sites really are. The only place I found was the Hima wells area and nearby the well was one, fenced off, with a sign stating tourist visits should be arranged with some phone number. Well, too bad. I noticed there is an opening to the right of that place and it was clearly used by others before. Not much climbing required. I don't want to promote breaking rules, especially in the KSA where you can get into deeeeeeep problems for doing this, but it is the only easy way to actually see them close up. Okay so you don't need to break the law if you have binoculars or a zoom lensRead On
Ivindo National Park
Ivindo National Park is a national park encompassing forests and wetland clearings.
Its old-growth forests are home to an exceptional biodiversity (birds, monkeys, other mammals) and constitute a laboratory for the study of speciation processes, particularly concerning insects and fish. They are home to the largest concentration of elephants and gorillas in Gabon. There are also spectacular waterfalls.
Jomon Prehistoric Sites
The Jômon Prehistoric Sites are a group of unique archaeological sites representing a culture that continuously occupied the Japanese archipelago for nearly 10,000 years.
They lived in the natural environment sustained by the humid temperate climate of the Holocene epoch, living in permanent settlements supported primarily by hunting, fishing, and gathering.
Els Slots The Netherlands - 03-Jun-12
I don't know what the rank of the 'Jomon sites' is among the current Japanese tentative sites. There's not really one site that jumps out from their current Tentative List, maybe one or two of the early industrial sites could be a good angle for Japan to choose. According to this report, the Tomioka Silk Mill indeed will be next (in 2014).
But you never know, so while travelling between the WHS of Hiraizumi and Shirakami-Sanchi I stopped by at one of the Jomon sites. These are a cluster of 15 prehistoric archeological sites at the northern tip of Tohoku province and the south of Hokkaido. I choose Sannai-Maruyama in Aomori city, both for its accessibility and because it seems to be the most developed location.Read On
Kaeng Krachan Forest
Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex is a vast forest area on the Thailand-Myanmar border.
It contains three protected areas: Mae Nam Phachi Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaeng Krachan National Park and Kui Buri National Park, plus the soon to be designated Chaloem Phrakiat Thai Prachan National Park. The area is exceptionally rich in biological diversity and contains important populations of a range of endangered species.
Patrick Taiwan - 12-Nov-13
The forest is so beautiful especially Phaneun Thung on the top of the mountain. It's really worth to wake up 3AM and get over there. The scence is wonderful. You can see through Myanmar. Just one point, the tribe people in side the forest could threat to the forest as they kill wildlife animal and cut the trees. The government should find new land for them and move them out the forest.Read On
The works of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana – Human Centred Urban Design comprises 7 works of this architect in Ljubljana.
The bridges, squares, parks and other public spaces date from between the 1920s and 1940s. Architecture and landscape were connected to modernize the city, with respect for the classical elements.
Els Slots The Netherlands - 16-Apr-18
Slovenia’s Tentative List features The timeless, humanistic architecture of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana and Prague. As the title already implies, this was meant to be a serial transnational nomination by Slovenia and Czechia. Last December however, after consulting ICOMOS, Slovenia decided to continue with the efforts alone: “the transnational bid was assessed as having little chance of success”. It is unclear yet whether they made the 1 February 2018 deadline for submitting the dossiers to be nominated for the WHC 2019, but we can safely assume that Slovenia will put this site forward within the next couple of years.Read On
Lower German Limes
The Lower German Limes was the north-eastern border of the Roman province Germania Inferior along the Rhine between the North Sea coast in the Netherlands and the Rhine south of Bonn where the Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes starts.
They include the traces of military fortifications, roads, settlements, an aqueduct and canals, often now buried in wetland. The long linear frontier made the Roman army adapt to the use of smaller military installations instead of big operational bases. The frontier was far from impregnable, and allowed for trade and cultural exchange. The German part consists of 64 components and includes the remains of forts, legionary camps, civil settlements, cemeteries and roads. Most of the structures have been preserved underground. Original remains are visible at the Archaeological Park Xanten, the Haus Bürgel in Monheim, the Cologne Praetorium, and in Iversheim. The Dutch part of The Lower German Limes comprises 38 locations.
Michiel Dekker The Netherlands - 01-Oct-10
Visited the site and was not impressed...
I really wonder why this site is on the tentative list of Unesco World Heritage... Must say that the site is important to Dutch archaeology/history/heritage, but this site does not have a significance for world heritage. A backwater Roman settlement of which hardly anything remains?? The submission text claims "the remains ... are extremely well preserved"; for Dutch standards: yes. For European standards: NO!Read On
Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt represents the architectural and artistical transition from Art Noveau to Modernism.
The artist colony was founded in 1899 by Ernst Ludwig, the Grand Duke of Hesse, and existed until 1914. As patron he invited famous designers and architects to Darmstadt, including Joseph Maria Olbrich and Peter Behrens. The Mathildenhöhe complex, divided across 2 locations, includes the exhibition buildings, the wedding tower, a plane grove with sculptures and pavillons, and several master houses.
Nan Germany -
Following in my travel plans on Els footprints, I ventured to Darmstadt on the same weekend as my visit to the Ice Age Caves.
During my visit the Mathildenhöhe was fairly busy with plenty of tourist groups roaming the area. Several parts of the site were closed and undergoing renovations. In addition, the wedding tower was closed for … weddings. Still, I feel I managed to get a good look.
On the one hand side I get Els overall point. This is a consistent ensemble of Jugendstil buildings. The museum on site provides a great overview of the art objects created in the artist's colony. And while several of the buildings are off limits, you still get to see a lot of the Jugendstil interior design by visiting the museum and the wedding tower.Read On
Nice is a city on the Côte d'Azur, also known as the French Riviera, whose urban development over two centuries was almost entirely the product of the tourist industry.
In the 18th century Nice became a popular winter destination for English aristocrats. At the end of the 19th century, tourism expanded to all wealthy classes and finally became a mass phenomenon in the 20th century. The earliest architectural evidence of this evolution to a tourist hotspot is the Vila Nova, including the Promenade de Anglais. Then, the city expanded westwards and onto the hills to the north, where villa quarters and luxury hotels were built in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Kyle Magnuson California - United States of America - 08-Mar-17
I visited Nice, France during the later part of October 2007. The holiday crowds were gone, the temperature required a light jacket, and the day I spent the most time by the Promenade, it was overcast and gray. There were however, a couple highlights.
Cathedral of Saint Nicholas, a beautiful Eastern Orthodox Church that was built for the Russian nobility who visited Nice during the Early 20th century. The nomination description includes a full section on "- Places of worship and cemeteries", which relates to foreigners who "Wintered" in Nice.Read On
Padua’s fourteenth-century fresco cycles
Padua’s fourteenth-century fresco cycles consists of 4 sites preserving significant 14th century mural paintings, in particular the work of Giotto.
Scrovegni Chapel is considered Giotto's masterpiece. One of the sites is also an important example of a female commission.
Assif Germany - 26-May-08
I went to Padua especially to see this marvelous Giotto capella and it was even more striking than I had expected. Giotto was indeed a genious. Padua by the way was heavily bombarded in WWII so many other sites including the nearby Capella degli Eremitani covered with frescoes by Mantegna were damaged. Nonetheless, the huge dining room (the largest in the world), Scuola San Giorgio, San Antonio complex, Prato della Valle, the Univeristy del Po' and the Battistero all offer the art lover great pleasures. Weren't it in Italy I'm sure a town like Padua would become a prominent tourist attraction and a country's main source of pride!Read On
Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro
The Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro in Madrid is an urban landscape that has been evolved since the 18th century on the site of the former Buen Retiro palace and gardens.
The property includes the Retiro Park, the boulevard Paseo del Prado and the neighbourhood in between. Among the most significant buildings are the Royal Studio of Natural History (today the Prado Museum), the Palacio Cibeles, and the Atocha railway station.
Kyle Magnuson California - United States of America - 22-Jul-18
There are 3 world class museums on the Paseo del Prado which form an integral part of this property. Referred to as the "Golden Triangle of Art" these museums are vast collections of priceless works spanning nearly a millennia of artistic creations.
Each museum holds icons of European art, unquestionably. One of the foremost is Guernica by Pablo Picasso. There are countless other masterpieces worth noting by Dali, Goya, Bosch, Dürer, and El Greco. Cumulatively these 3 museums take in about 7-8 million visitors per year. Each building has its own history as well, the Prado opened its doors in 1819. Reina Sofia is located in the former General Hospital of Madrid which was built in the late 18th century. The Thyssen-Bornemisza was previously known as Villahermosa Palace.Read On
Petroglyphs of the Lake Onega and the White Sea
The Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White Sea are two groups of rock art in the Republic of Karelia, over 300km apart.
Together they show some 4,600 figures carved into the rocks at the lakeshore. The petroglyphs include multi-figure realistic hunting scenes. They date from the Neolithic age and have been preserved without later additions, due to being covered by sand deposits.
Martina Ruckova Slovakia - 19-Jul-21
After ticking off most WHSs in Russia, Ivan and I are trying to visit the most of the tentative sites that seem to be in for a subscription. And especially those more remote ones, so we don't have to return there once we'll leave Russia for good. So we did one of our weekend trips by night train and rode to Petrozavodsk to visit the petroglyphs of Lake Onega and Kenozero National Park.
As far as this site is concerned, it can be done as a round trip whilst visiting Solovetsky islands and Kizhi pogostRead On
'Quanzhou: Emporium of the World in Song–Yuan China' is a serial nomination of the representative monuments and sites of Quanzhou - an important port city in China in the prosperous period of the Maritime Silk Roads.
It testifies to the development of the ocean civilization and the unique ocean culture in China’s southeast coastal area in the prosperous period of the Maritime Silk Roads from the 10th century to the 14th century and contribution to the interchange of the Chinese people and foreigners on religious beliefs and their representation in the urban culture, architectural design and sculpture art.
Stanislaw Warwas Poland - 05-Sep-17
Visited June 2017
Quanzhou is located in Fujian province, on the southeast coast of China, around 100 km NE from Xiamen. It was a very important port and starting point of the Chinese maritime silk road during Middle Ages. From its Arabic name, Zaytoun, the English/French name of satin (sateen) was derived, because this fabric was originally made of silk.
The history of city is shaped by its maritime trading connections and activities. A long time ago its historical heart was located closer to the sea; now port facilities are far from the city center.Read On
The Roșia Montană Mining Cultural Landscape comprises the archetypal example of Roman underground gold mining.
Archaeologists have discovered in the town of Alburnus Maior ancient dwellings, necropolises, mine galleries, mining tools, 25 wax tablets and many inscriptions in Greek and Latin. Metal has been extracted here since the Bronze Age.
Stanislaw Warwas Poland - 08-May-20
Visited June 2019
In my opinion this is one of the most dramatic natural and man-made landscape in Romania! Underground and open mine sites, artificial lakes, old houses and roads, industrial monuments hidden in the forests, beautiful nature, lots of walking paths through abandoned industrial scenery, history that started before the Romans came in, and that continues to our time. Two days is not enough to discover all that. But in my case, it was not about discovering gold mining history of the region, but enjoying the breathtaking beauty of the areaRead On
Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple
The Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple at Palampet is a temple complex that shows the characteristics of the temple architecture of the Kakatiyan kingdom.
The temples, including the main Shiva temple, stand out for its carving technique and sculptures. Construction of the temple was started in 1213. It lies in harmony with its natural setting, including a a Kakatiya-built water reservoir and an agricultural village.
Zoë Sheng Chinese-Canadian - 29-Jul-19
First off I love how the ride apps in India have really made it convenient for tourists to arrange a trip out of town without hotel prices or having to haggle with a driver to get a decent price. I also find this less discriminating and if you feel "guilty" that the driver doesn't earn Western standard you could always tip him. I did get a driver pretending the app doesn't work and renegotiate but don't fall for it. So this is an easy day trip from Hyderabad to see all 3 sites. The fort is probably the least interesting one.Read On
The ShUM cities of Speyer, Worms and Mainz refers to the cluster of three Jewish communities in the 11th century: Shpira (Sh), Warmaisa (W=U), and Magenza (M).
The three cities were centres of Jewish scholarship and of great importance for Ashkenazi Judaism. The specific customs and legal principles that developed there are still effective for Orthodox Judaism today. The cemetery in Worms and the ritual baths in Speyer and Worms have largely been preserved in their original form. The other components are the remains of the synagogue in Speyer and the cemetery in Mainz and the synagogue in Worms, which was reconstructed after World War II.
Hubert Austria - 18-May-15
The term ShUM is an acronym from the initial letters of the medieval names of Speyer, Worms and Mainz in Hebrew: Schin (Sh) for Schpira, Waw (U) for Warmaisa und Mem (M) for Magenza. The Jewish communities in these three cities originated in the 9th and 10th centuries and had their heyday between the 11th and 14th centuries. During this period several important scholars and teachers lived in the ShUM communities. The three cities were a centre of Jewish culture, law and learning and were highly influential in the development of Ashkenazic Judaism. Their significance declined in the mid-14th century, the inexplicable outbreak of the Black Death pandemic led to pogroms throughout Europe and the Jewish quarters in the ShUM communities were burned and widely destroyedRead On
Sítio Roberto Burle Marx
The Sítio Roberto Burle Marx is a residence plus gardens on a large plantation estate in the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro.
The most important works of the artist Robert Burle Marx are stored here. He was aligned with the Brazilian Modern Movement and mostly known for his design of modern tropical gardens. He lived at this site from 1949 on and did his botany and garden landscaping experiments here.
Walter Switzerland - 15-Feb-19
About 40 km west of Rio de Janeiro center, this site is a botanical park and museum dedicated to Roberto Burle Marx, a famous Brazilian landscape architect and avid collectors of plants and trees. Along with Oscar Niemeyer, Burle Marx achieved several modernist projects in Brazil, some already inscribed on the World Heritage Site: Pampulha Modern Ensemble in Belo Horizonte, Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro (specifically for Copacabana pavements and Flamingo Park) along with the Palais de la Culture in Rio, which is on the TL.It is planned for inscription for 2020Read On
Sudanese style mosques
The Sudanese style mosques in northern Côte d’Ivoire is a group of eight mosques erected since the 17th century.
The mosques are built in mud brick masonry, with façades reinforced with buttresses and strands. They are mainly composed of a prayer room, to which is added the mihrab located in the minaret tower. Men and women each have their own assigned prayer space and a separate entrance.
Thomas Buechler Switzerland - 20-Sep-21
Kong in Northeastern Côte d’Ivoire was once upon a time an important trade outpost when the merchants of the huge Mali empire exchanged salt and textiles from the North with slaves, gold and nuts from the South. The city became quite prosperous under the rule of Seku Quattara. Kong was for 150 years capital of the Kong empire, but as of today little has remained except the two incredibly fascinating mosques, built in Sudanese architecture style with ocher-colored clay. The small Barrola mosque and the large more photogenic mosque of Kong, also called “Missiriba”Read On
The Porticoes of Bologna
The Porticoes of Bologna consists of 38km of porticoes lining its streets, dating back to the 11th century.
The prominence and preservation of porticoes in Bologna was cemented by a 13th century law, still in place, defining porticoes as compulsory for all the streets where they were considered useful on private soil, also be preserving their public uses. Some porticoes have special religious and social significance, for example the 3.5km long, 17th century portico along the pilgrimage route to the Holy Shrine of St Luke's Madonna.
Matejicek Czechia - 16-Jun-19
Bologna is very interesting town, and it reminds me a blend of Milan and Florence. The Piazza Maggiore with all the historical buildings with S Petronio basilica and Fountain of Nettuno is worth visiting and seeing. Other nice places of quite large center of Bologna are the area around the towers – Torre degli Asinelli, the University area and the churches of S Stefano, S Domenigo and S Francesco.
However, the feature nominated for inscription is not historical center of Bologna but its Porticoes. They are almost everywhere in the center. They are of diverse age, size, shape, color, material and style. The most interesting examples can be found around Torre degli Asinelli, around S Stefano, in Strada Maggiore (PHOTO) and also directly in the Piazza Maggiore and the Quadrilatero district, but I do not know what exactly is nominated as TWHS. However, the world longest porticoes, which is mentioned in the nomination indeed, is located outside the historical walls of Bologna: It starts just behind the Porta Saragozza and goes ca. 3.5 km towards Basilica Madonna di San Luca, which is located on the top of green hill that is nicely visible from train in direction to ModenaRead On
The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales
These sites are testament to the slate industry in North Wales that has been present from the Roman period onwards.
The industry grew significantly in the 18th century before reaching its zenith 19th century, when these Welsh quarries provided roofing materials and slate products throughout the world. They also innovated the associated technologies of quarrying and transport infrastructure were also exported worldwide. Included in the nomination are 6 quarrying landscapes and their associated transport infrastructure, including the renowned Ffestiniog railway.
Solivagant UK - 29-Oct-17
I don’t normally review sites from UK but, having just returned from a visit to the “Slate Industry of N Wales” T List site, I was surprised to note that it has not yet been reviewed at all. Since it is relatively easy to take in whilst visiting Gwynedd Castles and Pontcysyllte Aqueduct, WHS travellers might find the following info of use.
Just as S Wales is synonymous with “Coal”, N Wales is significantly linked to “Slate”. In the 19th C, Welsh slate roofed the burgeoning housing of London and elsewhere in UK and was also exported around the World - peak production was around 1831-78. Nowadays only some small scale production continues. The 7 areas identified for possible inscription follow a pattern set by the Devon/Cornwall mining site WHS - a number of mines, together with some towns/villages, often in the form of a cultural landscape, a port and some railways. For good measure add a 19th C Industrialist’s stately home and a university founded for the working classRead On
The Trans-Iranian Railway is a 1,394 km long work of transportation infrastructure that crosses 8 provinces from North to South.
It was completed in 1938. Its two segments connect the ports of Bandar-e Torkaman on the Caspian Sea and Bandar-e Imam Khomeini on the Persian Gulf via Teheran. Many bridges and tunnels had to be constructed to overcome hills and gorges. It was a prestige modernization project by the newly established Pahlavi state of Iran.
Zoë Sheng Chinese-Canadian - 01-Feb-19
What does it take for a railway to become heritage? Is it the history, the track building, the engineering, the trains? Italy/Switzerland is the best and arguably the most loved place to enjoy engineering master class with the Bernina Express and Austria has a similar line. The Indian train tracks I wasn't equally impressed with but again they feature the tracks. For Iran I will assume, the famous architecture they mention in the documents is about specific bits here and there that combine into the Trans-Iran railway.Read On
Extended Sites in 2021
Dutch Water Defence Lines
The Defence Line of Amsterdam was built between 1883 and 1920 to guard the capital Amsterdam. It is the only example of a fortification based on the control of water.
The protection of the centre of the country was ensured by a network of 45 forts and their artillery acting in concert with temporary flooding from polders and an intricate system of canals and locks.
This site was extended in 2021 with The New Dutch Waterline, a system of waterworks and military structures from between 1815 and 1940. It was built to protect the economic and administrative center of the country. It used inundation as a system of defense. The combined site (known as Dutch Water Defence Lines) comprises a contiguous area stretching from Muiden (in the north) to the Biesbosch nature reserve (in the south), plus eight isolated components.
Els Slots The Netherlands - 29-Oct-02
For my visit to the Defense Line, I chose Muiden and Pampus, two of the most accessible locations. Muiden is a historical fortress-town to the east of Amsterdam. The whole town is like an open-air museum and has a real historical feel to it. The Muiden Castle is also a must.
From Muiden I took the ferry to Pampus. This island became the final part of the Defense Line: it had to guard the entrance to Amsterdam via the IJ-river. Soldiers were trained here between the two World Wars, but never has the island been used in combat. The place was already outdated when its construction had finished.Read On
The Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl are 15 monasteries near the Popocatépetl volcano in central Mexico which were built in the 16th century by members of the Franciscan, Dominican and Augustinian orders.
They were a major factor in the Christianization of a very large population over a vast territory and in a short period of time.
Solivagant UK -
The description of this site’s 14 monasteries as being “on the slopes of Popocatapetl” demonstrates a considerable degree of poetic license! Only 4 could, by the wildest stretch of imagination, be said to be literally on that volcano’s “slopes” and many are quite a long distance away! Nevertheless the buildings have their interests as representing the very earliest stages of the “Christianisation” embarked upon by the Spaniards in the years immediately following the “Conquest” of Mexico in 1521. Only 2 years later the Franciscans established the first of these monasteries in Cuernavaca – the rest followed within the next 50 years. So most are large, fortified structures (photo 1) reflecting, in a number of ways, the times in which they were built.Read On
Primeval Beech Forests
The Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe cover forests of the European beech in 18 countries.
They comprise the largest remaining 'virgin' forests of the European beech ('Fagus sylvatica'). They also hold the largest and tallest beech specimens in the world.
The European beech is a very adaptable species and it is spread across areas of different altitudinal zones, with different climatic and geological conditions.
Jarek Pokrzywnicki Poland - 10-Oct-08
Basic info about Slovakian part only. Stuzica Reserve is the only easy accessible part of Heritage (with marked footpaths). Havesova and Vihorlat are located in remote part (if you have good map you can go there but there are no roads), Rozok is close to Ukrainian border with a road passing through but its not a marked footpath.
Stuzica in Slovakia is somehow similar to Bialowieza Forest, not in type of flora but as the area of no human activity. All fallen trees stay as they are the whole area is big enough to host big mammals, there are no paved roads inside the reserve. Two marked footpaths are the only way to get there.Read On