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World Heritage Site

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Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's Tomb, Delhi is a landmark in the development of Mughal architecture.

It was built in 1570 for Humayun the second Mughal Emperor of India. The architect was Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, under the direction of Humayun's widow. He used mainly red sandstone, with white and black marble inlays.

The tomb and the complex around it now contains about 150 graves of ruling family members.

Around the tomb is an accomplished Charbagh garden, with pools joined by channels. It was modelled after Persian and Central Asian gardens, and was the first introduction of the Garden Tomb concept in the Indian subcontinent.

Map of Humayun's Tomb


  • Cultural

Visit February 2011

Humayun's Tomb was the last of Delhi's WHS that I visited. It is undoubtedly the most picturesque of all of the sites, with its perfect shapes. It is easy to see how it has influenced the Taj Mahal. But I have not become a big fan of Mughal architecture here in Delhi: the buildings were constructed to impress, but lack fine details (or maybe these have disappeared during the ages, the glazed tiles are very few now).

February 2011

My visit to the site lasted a mere 45 minutes, and I cannot see how I could have spend more time here (although part of the complex is fenced off at the moment). The "park" could use some more water, to make the lawns look green and fresh, and also to fill up the little canals and pools that surround the Tomb.

February 2011

However, as Rob Wilson already stated below, the state of the site has improved a lot over the last years. There's an exhibition on site where you can see "before" and "after" photos.

February 2011

Community Reviews

Kai Chongloi India - 10-Nov-13

This monument is the best site to see in Delhi. I went there in 2010 and was surprised to see that it was totally different from other sites in Delhi. The surrounding was clean, calm and peaceful. No hawkers, conmen, scammers etc. And the monument was magnificient. I highly recommend this site to anyone visiting Delhi.

suruchi maurya india - 19-Apr-13

it was my first time when i visited humayu tomb as a educational trip with my schoolmates.igone on 18th april on world heritage was amazing experience.we came to know how tiles are made to restore the monument.i love the views from top there is greenary all over and sounds of birds can be is very beautiful monumnts decorated with geometrical pattern and shapes with stones

Clyde Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Humayun's Tomb by Clyde

I visited this WHS in January 2012. This site is unique as it was the stepping stone to build the Taj Mahal. The architectural symmetry of the tomb and its gardens can be clearly seen also in this site.

Christer Sundberg Sweden -

Humayun's Tomb by Christer Sundberg

Bustling and busy Dehli can prove to be quite a challenge for the first time visitor so entering the gates of Humayun’s Tomb felt like quite a nice relief from persistent rickshaw-drivers, touts, beggars, snake charmers and other annoying elements you are confronted with. It’s a cultural shock that any European have to go through but after some weeks of travel on the Indian continent I promise that you will see them as part of a wonderful and massively colourful society that draws you back for another visit.

Humayum’s Tomb was built by the grief-stricken wife of emperor Humayun in 1565. It took nine years to complete the tomb and it is said to be a landmark in the evolution of early Mughal architecture and legend tells that it’s been a model for the mighty Taj Mahal in Agra.

I visited Humayum’s Tomb on an early December morning when only a few visitors had entered the site and the contrast between the city and the peaceful garden and the monument was truly stunning. With several adjacent palaces and tombs, make sure you take at least some 2-3 hours to fully enjoy this wonderful place.

Siddharth Dasgupta India -

Haunting. Mesmerizing. Unforgettable. The mythical aura surrounding Humayun's Tomb became a part of my soul the moment I laid my eyes on it, in January of 2005. That beautiful foggy winter morning in New Delhi is indelibly entrenched in my heart... as the day I came across perfection.

Rob Wilson UK -

I have visited the tomb twice. Once in 2002 when it was a fairly horrific state of repair. I returned last summer and am pleased to say that the ASI have done a magnificent job of restoring this wonderful old tomb. It is surely one of the most evocative tombs on Earth. It provides a moments peace from the madness of Delhi and is even more interesting if you know about the extraordinary life of Humayoun himself.

Kaizer Malaysia -

Surely One of the most beautiful tombs in the world.

For me, it remains more misterious than the Taj Mahal......

I visited Back in 1993 and am still regreting of not wandering around the tomb a little longer..

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Site Info

Full name: Humayun's Tomb, Delhi

Unesco ID: 232

Inscribed: 1993

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 2   4  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 1993 - Inscribed 


The site has 7 locations.

  • Humayun's Tomb
  • Humayun's Tomb: Lakkarwala Burj Garden Tomb
  • Humayun's Tomb: Mirza Muzzaffar Hussain's Garden Tomb
  • Humayun's Tomb: Nila Gumbad's Garden Setting
  • Humayun's Tomb: Sundarwala Burj
  • Humayun's Tomb: Sundarwala Mahal
  • Humayun's Tomb: Unknown Mughal Garden Tomb


The site has 20 connections.


  • Chahar Bagh Gardens: Humayun's "father, Babur, is credited with having introduced the Persian Chahar Bagh to India. Humayun's garden is a geometrically perfect example of the genre but differs from Babur's gardens in having a building at its centre. This makes the garden into a setting for a building, rather than a place to be enjoyed from a pavilion. The garden symbolises the emperor's place in paradise. It was not the first example of the type, but it is the oldest to survive in good condition. The garden is divided into 36 squares by a grid of water channels and paths"
  • Cenotaph: Humayun's cenotaph stands alone in the main chamber; the real grave lies in the basement below
  • Indo-Islamic architecture



Human Activity

Individual People


  • Named after individual people: Humayun, second Mughal Emperor of India
  • Located in a Former Capital: Delhi, Capital of Sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526)
  • Modelled after: After Gur-e Amir Mausoleum in Samarkand
  • Foreigner prices: Citizens of India and visitors of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar) - Rs.30 per head. Others: Rs. 500/- per head  Link

WHS on Other Lists

  • U.S. Ambassadors Fund : Conservation of the 16th‐Century Arab Serai Complex Gateway at Humayun's Tomb in Delhi (2016)

World Heritage Process

  • Single Monuments
  • Minor modifications after inscription: 2016: to include Mirza Muzaffar Hussain’s Garden Tomb (3.34 ha); an unknown Mughal garden tomb (0.82 ha); Sundarwala Mahal Garden Tomb (0.37 ha); Sundar Burj Garden Tomb (0.23 ha); Nila Gumbad’s Garden Setting (0.37 ha); and Lakkarwala Burj Garden Tomb (0.31 ha).


201 community members have visited Humayun's Tomb.