The Sacred City of Caral-Supe is considered to be the cradle of civilization in the Americas.
This archeological site of an urban settlement belonged to the complex and fully developed Supé-state. It was constructed between 3000-1800 BC, in the same timeframe as the the works of the Ancient Egyptians and Mesopotamians.
Caral is one of 18 settlements in the fertile Supe river valley. On a dry desert terrace, the Supé built a monumental settlement measuring 66 ha. The structures were mostly made of stone, with some woodwork. The site consists of the upper half and lower half of the city (including 6 pyramids), the outlying sector with residential units and the archeological site of Chupacigarro. There a geoglyph and astronomical observation points have been found.
The complexity of the Supé civilization is shown by the discovery here of the first quipu, a system of knots to record information. The site is seen as the “Mother Culture” of the Peruvian civilizations, that ended with the Inca.
Caral-Supé was excavated relatively late, in 1994, although it had been discovered already in 1905.
Map of Caral-SupeLoad map
I visited the archaeological site of Caral-Supe in March 2020 during my trip to Peru. I left the town of Huaraz (hotspot for the Huascaran and Chavin WHS) in the morning on a shared taxi to Barranca. They wait in town and leave when they have four passengers. I managed to negotiate with my collectivo driver to take me to the archaeological site and then back to Barranca where I was spending the night. We stopped in town where a friend of his and her son joined us to ease the wait for my driver. It was at the parking lot on the north side of the Rio Supe that my visit began.
I was quite happy to have reached the site and to be able to visit it. The green valley of the Rio Supe makes for a pleasant landscape and makes it easy to understand why these early civilizations chose to settle here. The path leads through a small forest to a short but steep climb. It is at the top of this climb that the site can be seen for the first time. The path to the entrance offers many beautiful views of the site. There is also a large map on a board showing all the points of interest on the site, as well as suggested routes of varying lengths. I was already planning to do a very complete tour.
I was a little disappointed when I arrived at the visitor centre. Not only was the interpretation centre closed, but it was mandatory to be accompanied by a (spanish-speaking) guide for the visit. However, this site is perfectly set up to be visited independently! The paths and accessible areas are clearly marked, the trails are lined with comprehensive bilingual interpretation panels (placed above our heads and facing downwards so as not to fade under the harsh rays of the sun), and routes are suggested. I was rather annoyed at having to follow a guide and the other visitors with whom I was sharing the cost. The tour was going to be shorter (we didn't cover all the areas of the site) and the pace imposed by the guide would not allow me to read the panels in order to delve deeper into what he was explaining and validate that my understanding of Spanish was good. This annoyance may have affected my appreciation of the site.
All in all, this archaeological site is very impressive for its age and its excellent state of conservation. It was built about 5,000 years ago! That means at the same time of early civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and the Indus Valley. The people of Caral built six great rock pyramids, ceremonial plazas, and residential areas made of adobe. However, these structures are generally unremarkable and very similar one to the other. The artistic details of the constructions have long since disappeared, and only beige stone pyramids remain. The circular structures of the Templo del Anfiteatro and the Edificio Piramidal Mayor (picture) are the most interesting and unique. I acknowledge that this site is a remarkable witness to the beginnings of human civilization. Despite this, the guided tour and the relative monotony of the remains left me wanting more.
After meeting my driver, he drove me back to Barranca where I was staying. A phone call from the receptionist of my hotel allowed me to get a driver to go to Lomas de Lachay the next morning, and then to Lima.
I visited this WHS in June 2019 as a day trip from Lima. It would be an ideal stepping stone between Lima and Trujillo but I had decided against visiting the Northern WHS of Peru in favour of more time at the Galapagos islands.
In June the river is almost at its lowest levels and from Lima we crossed through the Supe valley right over the river's pebble basin without the use of a 4x4 vehicle. From Trujillo there now is an easier route which can accomodate coaches even though this WHS is quite off the beaten track with few visitors yearly.
Even though most of the site remains still unexcavated, with local and international archaeologists still on site during my visit, the pyramid structures were quite impressive and seem to have been built in harmony with the surrounding desert/mountain environment. Even though I haven't visited yet, at times it felt like Teotihuacan but with a surrounding environment not very different from the Nile in Egypt. The recently discovered reliefs as well as the rotten wooden structures still visible on-site hint at how these structures could have been in ancient times. Caral Supe is the biggest of several similar sites in the Supe valley and it is believed to be one of the most ancient sites of the Americas, even though another site being excavated in the Peruvian desert seems to be the oldest one discovered as of yet.
The guide gave us ample time to marvel at this ancient city and to take photos and we spent around 1.5hrs roughly with an extended tour. We got lucky as the garua and fog quickly dissipated as soon as we arrived and we could enjoy the beautiful site and its surrounding with plenty of sunshine. There is a very small makeshift visitor centre at the site with some statues and objects found at the site and a UNESCO WHS inscription plaque too. Make sure to bring cash with you as there were very interesting books for sale there. In a way it reminded me of the desert site of Gonur Tepe in Turkmenistan but thanks to the Panamerican Highway Caral-Supe is much easier to visit and is a treat for anyone interested in archaeology. It is practically still being excavated but from what I could already see, it looks very promising and could rival some of the better known ancient sites worldwide in a couple of years.
Site visited April 2018. For me getting to the World Heritage Site of Caral turned out to be agony and race against time but in the end it won over me.
I guess everything worth knowing about this site and its historical importance have been told already on the previous reviews so on my review I focus mainly on my trip to Caral.
My plan was to visit Caral on my way from Huaraz to Lima. I knew this could be a bit tight schedule for one day but I decided to give it a try. I left from Huaraz bus station at 9 AM and was at Barranca four hours later. The bus left me at some gas station outside the city centre so I had to walk quite a long distance with my large suitcase in the mid day heat. During my walk I tried to catch a taxi to Caral. The task proved to be very hard. There were only lots of mototaxis that tooted at me all the time. I thought that those are not suitable for my needs. I saw only few taxi cars and those were reserved. At some point I got tired of walking and trying to catch a taxi. Then I saw a hotel and went to the reception to ask about driver to Caral. The receptionist was very kind and she arranged a driver for me but I had to wait for some 45 minutes for it to show up. After some price negotiations we headed towards Caral. I was already getting a bit worried because the site is open until 5 PM and I was running out of time.
Previous reviewer told that it takes only half an hour to get to Caral from Barranca. Maybe that was a case in 2011 but seven years later the trip took over an hour. The last 25 kilometres from the beginning of Supe roundabout the road is in a really terrible condition. The tarmac has crumbled and the driver had to drive slowly and make constantly zigzag moves to avoid the biggest holes on the road. It was a really bumpy ride. Along the trip the driver stopped two times to ask from the local people is it possible to cross the river with the car. The first one said it is possible but the other one said it is not. So we went to check out the possibilities to the riverbank where we saw that there was absolutely too much water. There was no way we could cross the river. Maybe with SUV it would have been possible but not with the normal car. We decided to drive back to the road but then the car stuck to the river bank from the bottom. We both had to dig stones underneath the car in order to get it loose. Then we had to drive another 10 minutes detour via bridge. When we arrived at the parking place of the Caral site it was almost 4 PM so I would have only one hour at the most to explore the site. I was getting a bit disappointed.
There is one kilometres walk from parking place to the site. All the time I was worried that there is too little time left to see the site properly. From the top of the riverbank it is possible to see most of the structures. There is even a viewing platform outside the gates. At the entrance gate there were some information exhibitions and empty souvenir stalls. When I tried to buy a ticket staff said that I can’t visit the site on my own, only with guided group tour. I was there alone so I wondered what to do next. Fortunately at the gate appeared British and Mexican couples so we formed a group and bought a Spanish speaking guide.
The guide led us through a route which formed a loop around the ancient Plaza Central. We stopped in front of important structures and the guide explained historical details thoroughly. I couldn’t follow fast-paced Spanish talking so I concentrated mainly on photography and enjoying the nice atmosphere and sunset. We started from the Amphitheater Temple which is the most remarkable building in the lower part of the city. There is the first of two large sunken circular plazas of Caral. Then we moved on to the Huanca Pyramid and Gallery Pyramid which are beautiful square shaped stepped pyramids. Finally we reached the Greater Pyramid which is the largest and most important architectural complex in the city. Even though the area of the building is big, 170 x 150 metres, the low profile makes it look not that impressive. In front of the stepped pyramid is sunken circular plaza the diameter of which is 37 metres. Lastly, we studied the Central Pyramid and Quarry Pyramid from a viewing platform. The Central Pyramid is the second largest building in the city. Unlike many other buildings in Caral it is not in that good condition but it is quite imposing structure against the background of distant mountains.
After the guided tour we returned to the visitor centre pleased of what we saw. Even though the site closed at 5 PM, with the guide we had an opportunity to explore it almost for two hours and I left one hour after closing time in a most amazing sunset.
It is remarkable that this most ancient city of the Americas which is almost 5000 years old is mostly in a good condition. Also worth noticing is that along the road to the site of Caral through the river valley of Supe I saw a lot of other ancient structures and settlements which are inside the buffer zone of this WHS.
I guess that visiting Caral along the bus trip from Huaraz to Lima is quite a popular alternative among WHS travellers. For me it was little bit too tight day but with better preparation it is easily doable. Nonetheless, the site itself is remarkable and enjoyable to visit. It is a joy to give it 4/5 stars rating.
Michael anak Kenyalang
I took a bus from Huaraz and arrived at Barranca city's roadside around 4pm so I have to stay one night here. There are frequent collectivos at calle Berenice Davila as early as 7am for 8 soles and it will reach Puente Caral after 45 minutes. It's another 15 minutes walk after the bridge and you will reach the visitor center and the ticket booth. It's 11 soles for foreigners and you have to pay maximum 20 soles for the guided tour. I arrived early that day around 9am so I had to wait another hour for other visitors to share the guide fee. During the wait you can go through the signboards of Caral's history and facts, then you can visit the souvenir shops.
There were finally 7 of us who decided to share the guide fee, so each of us paid around 3 soles for it. The more people the less you pay. The guided tour is all in Spanish, for those who are not fluent in Spanish (like me) can look at the bilingual signboard in front of the ruins to get a picture of what's the usage and what was discovered. The whole tour is under the sun with no cover at all, so make sure to put on sunscreen or wear a hat. It's windy and chilly sometimes so a wind proof jacket will do.
The whole tour takes around 1 hour. Make sure you go to toilet situated at the entrance before or after the tour as there's no toilet at the archaeological site. It's not allowed to go into the ruins so one can only see from far. The restoration work is still on going so you might see some places covered with plastic or have black flags on it.
Caral Supe in one of the oldest cities in the world. Situated in the desert, north of Lima, the ruins are easily accessible on a day trip from the Peruvian capital. I took my tour bus from parque Kennedy in Miraflores, Lima.
The site if very interesting and archeological discoveries have allowed to better understand how people were living 5000 years ago.
This is a WHS to love. I had not visited a site so inaccessible and obscure since Romania’s Dacian Fortresses last year. Only one WHS “collector” had been here before me. I had some trouble fitting it into my Peru itinerary. At first, I wanted to go there on a day trip from Lima, but these tours are very expensive and it takes over 3 hours one way to get to Caral. After some reshuffling, I decided to visit it from the nearest city, Barranca and spent a night there. This also breaks the long trip from Huaraz to Lima or the south of Peru in two.
My hotel in Barranca easily connected me to a driver for a half-day trip out there for 25 EUR. The road is now almost fully paved, so it takes only half an hour by car from Barranca to get to Caral. During the months from December to May, it is impossible to cross the river to access the archeological site. My driver did not want to take any chances, although the water level seemed pretty low to me. So we drove to the other access point somewhat to the east. From there you have to cross a bridge on foot, and walk 2km to the site. It is signposted well, and there also is a guard posted at the start of the footpath. This way you end up at the other side of the complex from the visitor center, so you’ll have to walk a little more to get your ticket.
I did not know what to expect, but this is an enormous complex of pyramids, temples, and other structures almost hidden in a valley in the desert. It is pretty well preserved (and sometimes restored), much better than Pachacamac for example. The natural setting is almost surreal, like a moon landscape. It was and is a fertile area, however, due to the Supé-river that crosses the valley. The river banks are still used for agriculture.
I hired a guide to show me around. This tour of about an hour only gave me a glimpse into the world of the Supé. Much is still unknown too. The walls of the buildings were painted yellow, and some of the paint is still there. They used a kind of net to carry the stones that were used in construction - the remains can be seen. No cemeteries have been found, only the remains of a sacrificed young man have been discovered and those of several children that died of natural causes.
There is much more to tell about this fascinating site. After my visit, I read the full nomination file, which is very much recommended. Despite its remote location, the complex is well-geared to receive visitors. There’s also an info center on site where some of the objects that have been found at Caral are shown.
Read more from Els Slots here.
- Ceezmad Lukasz Palczewski Michael anak Kenyalang Stanislaw Warwas :
- Els Slots :
- Zoë Sheng Carlos Sotelo Ralf Regele Walter Tevity Juha Sjoeblom :
- Clyde Randi Thomsen Wojciech Fedoruk Dwight Zehuan Xiao Philipp Peterer Watkinstravel Joyce van Soest Thomas Buechler :
- Svein Elias Francky D'Hoop João Aender Thibault Magnien Frédéric M :
- Lauren :
- Full Name
- Sacred City of Caral-Supe
- Unesco ID
2 3 4
- Archaeological site - Pre-Columbian
- By ID
In the News
The site has 1 locations
The site has 18 connections
Science and Technology
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process
58 Community Members have visited.