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World Heritage Site

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Meidan Emam, Esfahan

Meidan Emam, Esfahan

Meidan Emam, Esfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world. The square is surrounded by important historical buildings from the Safavid era.

The Shah Mosque is situated on the south side of this square. On the west side you can find Ali Qapu Palace. Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque is situated on the eastern side of this square and the northern side opens into the Isfahan Grand Bazaar.

Map of Meidan Emam, Esfahan


  • Cultural

Community Reviews

Alexander Parsons Australia - 10-Apr-16 -

Meidan Emam, Esfahan by Alexander Parsons

The fact that the Meidan Emam was inscribed so early in the life of World Heritage is hardly a surprise; this square is the darling of the Iranian tourism industry, and rightly so. An interesting point to consider is this timing of the submission and acceptance of this site to the World Heritage List; the 1979 World Heritage Convention occurred in May, only a few months after the Islamic Revolution. The reference in the ICOMOS evaluation of 1979, and the other 1979 documents available on the UNESCO website, makes reference to the ‘Meidan-e Shah’, and the ‘Shah Mosque’, without any mention of the renaming of these components by the new regime. I guess the new Islamic Republic valued the prestige of the nomination enough to still accept it, though evidently with a name change, as the 1988 report makes no mention of the deposed shah. I am unsure of the precise nature of this process of naming; probably an unreported element of the 1979 convention?

The square, apart from the open space itself, has three main components. The obvious first stop is the Ali Qapu Palace, renowned more for its view of the square than for its own sake. This is unsurprising; while the palace has some nice ornamentation, especially on the top floor, the view is the real star here.

The Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque , directly opposite the palace, is unusual in that it has no courtyard or minaret, and comprises simply of a corridor and prayer room beneath the dome. This is a very impressive room, supposedly designed as a private chamber for royal concubines, but was completely crowded when I was there after lunch time. This was quite a detraction from the atmosphere. Given the popularity of Isfahan, arriving at opening time to a particularly desired attraction seems to the most sensible approach

The Emam Mosque, still often called the Shah Mosque, is the most striking component of the square, with its large façade and towering dome. I arrived at opening time to have it to myself. Within 15 minutes, however, 6 separate tour groups were competing for space. Unlike the Masjid-e Jame, this was a significant concern, as immense restoration works are currently underway. Overhearing an English-speaking guide, retiling work started a week prior to my visit (10 April 2016). The result of this was the covering of about 90% of the central courtyard of the mosque with a low tarpaulin ceiling, with about 20% of that remaining space being covered during my presence by ongoing work. This meant that all visitors were crowded beneath this section, trying to get a view of the dome. Within a couple of days, I expect this to be completely covered, which I imagine would severely impact the enjoyability of the site. By the scale of the tile restoration, I assume covering will exist for quite some time.

The square itself is worth seeing at all times of the day, with the Palace particularly impressive while illuminated after dark.

Svetoslav Lalov Bulgaria -

This square is the most beautiful palce in the world and believe me you can not compare sitting there for a break to doing it at any other- european or else place.

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Site Info

Full name: Meidan Emam, Esfahan

Unesco ID: 115

Inscribed: 1979

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 1   5   6  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 1979 - Inscribed 


The site has 1 locations.

  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan


The site has 18 connections.




  • Damaged in War since WWII: "hit by a rocket during the recent attacks on Iranian cities" (1988 SOC report) - Iran-Iraq War
  • 'Threatened' by Tunnels: "State of conservation report raised concerns about the Metro now well under construction parts due to open in 2012) The 2012 WHC decided as follows "... requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property to consider the impact of the current metro constructions on the property and its wider setting;"


  • Silk Road: According to ICOMOS Thematic Study from 2014

Human Activity

Individual People

Religion and Belief

  • Mosque: Shah mosque - 17th century - Shia
  • Shia Islam: The Safavids were responsible for converting Iran to Shiism. The mosques, built as part of the transfer of the Safavid capital to Isfahan by Shah Abbas I, emphasise their "Shia" nature in their Calligraphy. In the Masjed-e Imam "the iwan pointing to east ....... contains an inscription by calligrapher Muhammad Riza Imami praising the Fourteen Immaculate Ones (i.e., Muhammad, Fatimah and the Twelve Imams)" (Wiki). In the Sheikh Lotf Allah mosque "The inscriptions of the Mosque reflect matters that were preoccupying the shah around the time it was built; namely the need to define Twelver Shiism in contrast to Sunni Islam, and the Persian resistance to Ottoman invasion" (Wiki)


  • Built in the 17th century: Square was constructed between 1598 and 1629, its main buildings Portia of Qeyssariyeh (1602-19), the Royal Mosque (1612-30), the Mosque of Sheyx Loffollah (1602-18)