Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal
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The Taj Mahal dates from the 17th century, as a tomb for the favourite wife of Moghul-emperor Shah Jahan.

She died at the birth of her 14th child in 1630. In grief, Shah Jahan decided to construct for her a monument to show his eternal love. It took 22 years to complete. The name Taj Mahal is derived from her nickname Mumtaz Mahal: pearl or crown of the palace.

According to legend, Shah Jahan planned to erect a black version as a tomb for himself on the other side of the river. A bridge should connect the two monuments.

The Taj is situated in the city of Agra, on the banks of the Yamuna river. It is enclosed in a garden amidst fountains and ornamental trees. The walled complex further includes two mosques and an imposing gateway.

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Nan

Germany - 17-Oct-14 -

When I visited India in January 2014 I figured a trip to the Taj Mahal was a must. I had seen so many pictures and I wanted to actually be there. So I booked a flight from Southern India (warm) to Jaipur (cold) and made my way east to Agra.

And there it was... The Taj... As seen before on all those pretty pictures. But after spending some time on the site, looking at the architecture, the gardens, the interior of the Taj, ... I felt a sort of emptiness creeping up. Being there didn't add anything to what I had already seen on pictures. I actually think it reduced the value of the site to me. I asked myself why, and I came up with a few reasons:

  • Build for Show
    The Taj looks great on post cards, but to me the details are lacking. The garden's aren't great, the surrounding buildings or the interiors neither. I have been to Cordoba and the Alhambra and those buildings are on a whole different artistic level.
  • Purpose
    This is a site labelled a monument of love to the emperor's dead wife. To me, though, this felt like a monument to the greatness and power of the builder, not his deceased wife. The site did not invoke any sense of mourning about a lost one in me. Contrast that with Humayun's Tomb in Delhi where I really felt like a lost one was gone.
  • Purpose Continued
    As you may also read his wife died giving birth to the emperor's child. It was their 14th child! Having that many children would even be dangerous in today's times, let alone 17th century India. A loving husband could have considered some form of birth control. Sorry, that I don't find that very romantic.
  • Surroundings
    Agra was like the worst city I visited while in India. The river is basically toxic waste. The neighborhood run down... While this has little impact on the OUV, it doesn't improve the overall experience neither.

A little later a friend of mine also went. Before going he asked me about it and I told him about my reservations. I also told him that I didn't wanna be the reason why he never went, so he should go. So he went. And he agreed with me.

Going to Agra, though, was still a treat as I also visited Fatepur Sikri and Keoladeo National Parks, two sites I enjoyed greatly.


Sandeep

INDIA - 30-Aug-14 -

Taj Mahal is really a very beautiful creature and it becomes even more beautiful just like heaven when you see it in full moon night. I have visited recently in january 2014 in full moon night and I have got really an Unique experience which I can not describe in words. I think everybody must see it in real and believe me its really a wonder of the earth.


Clyde

Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Taj Mahal by Clyde

Calling this WHS a beauty is an understatement. I visited the Taj Mahal in December 2011 and spent 2-3 days exploring and taking in this wonder. The first morning rays of sunrise lifting the thick mist off the Taj Mahal is an unforgettable experience. The Taj appears before your eyes gradually almost as if it were floating in the air. A pair of Egyptian Vultures were soaring in the sky above the main white marble dome. The symmetry and architecture of the whole site is mind-bogging and it is so huge that it never seems to be overcrowded. Don't go there with an organised tour for a quick rush through the site. Take your time to admire one of the wonders of the world!


Ronald Lange

Netherlands - 19-Aug-11 -

A truly stunning experience. Walking through the gate building and there it presents itself in all its splendour and glory: the Taj Mahal. Not too crowded (may 2010). As a part of a trip to northern India, the golden triangle, this was the summit.


Stewart ayukawa

canada - 04-Sep-10 -

I visited the Taj in 1987 but it doesn't really matter , does it? It's timeless. I was going to actually give the Taj a pass and skip it. After all, how many times has one seen the Taj in movies, images, brochures etc. Many times. But coincidentally, the train route i was taking from Calcutta to Bombay made a needed stop in Agra.

I arrived pre dawn and had read in the guide book that the best time to view the Taj was at sunrise, sunset, or under the stars and moon. So by chance I had arrived at an opportune time. I hired a boy who pedalled a rickshaw but he went the wrong way! yep. I couldn't believe it. Eventually we got there and i was the first one in! It helps to get there early! I managed to get a photo with noone in the foreground. I was pleased with that.

Part of the magic of seeing the Taj in person is the way the light of the sun and moon play off the marble. The mood of the Taj literally changes . It really is a remarkable experience. I also saw it in the early evening and the mood and sillouette of the Taj impressive. Best seen early or late to avoid the crowds.


Stephen Brooker

UK - 10-Sep-08 -

Some sites Machu Pichu, The Pyramids, Petra are hard to review because they are so icconic, that there seems to be nothing more one can add.

The Taj Mahal is another such WHS, which like the afore mentioned places, really does take one's breath away; such is the power of it's radiant marble symetry.

However it does not function just upon a grandiose scale, up close the exquisite workmanship stuns, the gardens are seductive, and the ancillery buildings shield you from what by comparrison is the vulgar and mundane of the outside world.

I'm told the whole ensemble is supposed to be a relisation of heaven on earth. Did they succeed? Well if you can go and decide for yourself, it might just be the closest you get in this life to paradise.


Christer Sundberg

Sweden -

Taj Mahal by Christer Sundberg

At first light of dawn, when a cool breeze fills the air and the morning sun shines on the palace, Taj Mahal is at its height of beauty. Set against the azure skyline, it looks like a mirage in a desert - the greatest monument to love.

It was exactly like this when, on an early December morning, I made my first visit to the legendary monument. It is certainly also true that it is a very special view to see the early morning sun rays embrace this absolutely magnificent white marbled tomb.

The story has been told many times - of Shah Jahan's favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal,

who died at the age of 39 when delivering a child and the greif that then made the Shah immortalize their love by building the 'dream in marble' - 22 years in the making with the help of over 22.000 craftsmen.

History tells that when Shah Jahan started to plan for his OWN mausoleum to be built in black marble across the river Yamuna, his son had just about enough of his fathers spending and locked him up in the Agra Fort. And there he sat until the day he died, gazing at the distant tomb of his long-lost wife. Almost makes you want to shed a tear, right..?


shaili

Mauritius -

Been to the one and only Taj Mahal. Was amazed when I first saw it - was shocked - what a beauty - its unbelievable to think its a creation of man ...

The terrible thing is that admist dust and poverty, you enter a gate, and here stands a creation of love.


Rob Wilson

UK -

Kipling said it was the 'Gateway through which all dreams must pass'.

Tagore said that is was 'A tear on the face of Eternity'.

Those descriptions sum this wonderful place up better than anything I could say. It's just a shame about the entry fees.


Diana Schipper

Holland -

Saw the first shooting star of my life over the Taj Mahal in 1993. A special place, a special day, special company too. The Taj Mahal is truly a spectacular symbol of love, art and craftmanship combined. I just hope the authorities can keep the place clean ....


Site Info

Full Name
Taj Mahal
Unesco ID
252
Country
India
Inscribed
1983
Type
Cultural
Criteria
1
Categories
Structure - Burial
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By ID

Site History

1983 Inscribed

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The site has 1 locations

Taj Mahal

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