Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Minaret of Jam

Minaret of Jam

The Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam represent the artistic creativity and mastery of structural engineering of the Ghurid civilization (1000-1220).

Jam is probably located at the site of the Ghurid dynasty's summer capital, Firuzkuh. The 12th and 13th century Ghurids controlled not only Afghanistan, but also parts of eastern Iran, Northern India and parts of Pakistan.

The 65 metre high minaret, surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400 meters, is built entirely of baked bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an.

The Minaret was forgotten by the outside world until rediscovered in 1886 by Sir Thomas Holdich.

Map of Minaret of Jam


  • Cultural

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Site Info

Full name: Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam

Unesco ID: 211

Inscribed: 2002 In Danger

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 2   3   4  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2002 - In Danger Lack of protection
  • 2002 - Inscribed 
  • 1983 - Deferred Deferred until receipt of necessary info


The site has 4 locations.

  • Minaret of Jam: Arabic (Isl.) Inscriptions Afghanistan
  • Minaret of Jam: Jewish Cemetery Afghanistan
  • Minaret of Jam: Valley of Hari River including Minaret of Jam Afghanistan
  • Minaret of Jam: Water Reservoir Afghanistan


The site has 14 connections.




Religion and Belief

  • Jewish religion and culture: Tombstones written in Hebrew, probably from a nearby Jewish cemetery, which indicate the presence of a sizable Jewish community



World Heritage Process


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