Photo by Els Slots.

Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta are the first examples of Italian Renaissance town planning and its influence on the landscape.

In the late 15th century, the plan of the medieval city was redesigned and extended based on a complex urban plan on the orders of the ruling Duke Ercole d'Este I. Ferrara at that time grew into a cultural center, renowned for music as well as for visual arts. The Este family also carried out extensive land reclamation and building projects in the Po Delta, culminating in a network of noble residences.

Community Perspective: Ferrara has a certain charm, and it’s a university town so there is liveliness. Highlights here include the Palazzo Diamanti, the smaller Palazzo Marfisa d'Este, and the frescoes of the Palazzo Schifanoia. You can also cycle on the city wall. Some elements of the included Po Delta have been described by John.

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Jakob Frenzel

Germany - 24-May-23 -

Ferrara by Jakob Frenzel

March 2023 - so far we had missed Ferrara on our trips. This time it was on the itinerary, as we wanted to complete Italy's WHS list. After we had lunch in Vicenza we drove partly Highway, partly on smaller roads towards our next Stop. South of the old town there is a large parking lot at the mura ferrara where we also spent the night in our campervan.

It was only a few minutes walk to the Castello and the Cattedrale. This evening we still had Gelato and Pizza on the hand and made a short walk through the old town. However, as it was Friday night, the bars filled up with more and more people, thus we decided to return to the Camper. I woke up at 6 next morning and decided to take another Walk through the center. Garbagemen were tyding up squeky clean. 

I still visited the old ghetto and got some Coppia ferrarese, which actually do not taste like anything. 

Three weeks later, on our way back north we crossed parts of the PO-Delta did not get the OUV of the area. though. In comparison the Risotto fields around Mantua seem way worthy.


Czechia - 16-Jun-19 -

Ferrara by Matejicek

Ferrara was a surprise for me. I expected just another WHS Italian town, but it can be described as a flat urban landscape stuffed with monuments such as Duomo, Castello Estenze, Palazzo Diamanti and others monumental buildings and palaces. So, my advice how to enjoy such sites is to be lost in the streets and to be “shocked” by random finding of something exceptional – for example 15th century Casa Romei (PHOTO) with very nice courtyards, loggias and original wooden ceilings. The town is quite big, thus tourists are evenly scattered within the large area, which is very refreshing after visiting touristy spots like Florence.

Palazzo Diamanti and its neighborhood are also very nice. The gallery inside the palace was officially opened, but the cash desk was locked. So, it was possible to enter but not possible to buy a ticket… that was eventually OK for me as I enjoyed the façade decoration from outside only. I would not expect anything inside that would beat my impression from what I have seen outside. Duomo, at least from outside, is in quite a bad shape, it is covered by lichens and other flora, and seemed to collapse soon, and thus it is closed for visitors and under reconstruction. The main façade is hidden under scaffolding. As I saw magnificent cathedrals in Modena and Parma, I was not disappointed and enjoyed the narrow streets and palaces all around. It was also very interesting to see that the former ghetto with synagogue and school are very ordinary district, I would say, and it cannot be recognized until you noticed the signs.

Historical center of Ferrara is inscribed together with Po delta. I have not visited the area of the delta, but what I could see from a plane looked fascinating.

To conclude: I liked center of Ferrara and together with Po delta landscape is worth visiting as well as inscription.

Klaus Freisinger

Austria - 01-May-16 -

Ferrara is certainly one of the most livable cities in Italy, being the country's bicycle capital and having many green spaces. Its historic centre is quite interesting and pleasant, as well, but to me it did not appeal so much as a WH city. The cathedral and the Castello Estense, the city's landmark, are not bad (especially the moat), but nothing outstanding. I also saw the Palazzo dei Diamanti, famous for its unique wall, and the Palazzo Schifanoia, with its beautiful frescoes. To see the Po Delta part of the inscription, I took a bus out to Comacchio, a pleasant little town with a pretty Old Town and direct access to the canals and waterways that make up the delta. I just saw a small part of it, but I do believe that the Po Delta, as a unique cultural landscape, would easily stand on its own as a separate WH site, as I can't really see a very close connection to Ferrara (except for geographical reasons). Maybe then Ferrara should have been combined with Mantova as a pair of Renaissance towns.

John booth

New Zealand - 09-Dec-12 -

Ferrara by john booth

Finally I have succeeded in finding my way into the Po Delta area. I took a FER train from Ferrara to Codigoro to see the flood protection structures in the district.

I then took a bus to Commacchio, a picturesque town on the edge of its namesake lagoon. The lagoon is very popular with fishermen, but the town has a network of canals and bridges and a collection of restored medieval buildings. A veritable mini-Venice.

A combined bus/train journey brought me back to Ferrara.


Malta - 18-Sep-12 -

Ferrara by Clyde

I visited this WHS in September 2012. The highlight of this medieval city is the Castello Estense. The visit inside is very informative and you get to see the dungeons where prisoners used to be kept. The mirrors are a great way to help illustrate the painted ceilings. The Cathedral and Palazzo dei Diamanti as well as Piazza Trieste are worth visiting too.


Austria - 20-May-12 -

Ferrara by Hubert Scharnagl

Ferrara is one of my favourite cities in northern Italy, although its buildings and churches are less outstanding compared to other cities such as Verona and Vicenza. The plan of the city and most of the historic buildings date from the 14th and 15th Century, when Ferrara was ruled by the Este family. The historic centre is dominated by the Castello Estense and the Gothic cathedral. The Castello has everything you'd expect from a medieval castle: drawbridges, a moat, towers, a dungeon. But the upper parts were reconstructed in the 16th Century, the battlements were replaced with terraces and balconies. Worth seeing are also the Palazzo dei Diamanti with its exceptional facade of pyramid-shaped blocks of marble (the interior picture gallery is not very interesting), the nearby Palazzo Prosperi with an portico decorated with putti (photo), the Palazzina Marfina d'Este, the Casa Romei, the Palazzo Schifanoia (wonderful frescoes in the Sala dei Mesi), the Via delle Volte, the outside staircase of the Palazzo Municipale, and the Cimitero della Certosa.

We liked best to ride by bike on the city wall that surrounds the whole historic centre and so we explored also the remote parts of the old city. Ferrara is known as a city of cyclists and bicycles are available in most hotels. Ferrara is a university town, and therefore has also a good night-life. If the weather is fine a trip to the Po Delta is worthwhile, especially if you like birdwatching. The best is to rent a bicycle and cycle along the marshlands and lagoons. The WHS includes also several Delizie (villas of the Este family) in the area around Ferrara. But they are hardly worth a visit, most of them can be seen only from the outside or are not accessible at all.

Els Slots

The Netherlands - 04-Feb-12 -

Ferrara by Els Slots

Ferrara has a certain charm and calmness, but I found it not up to par with great Italian cities like Verona, let alone Venice or Rome. The Michelin Green Guide gives it 2 stars (“worth a detour”), and that is about right. I stayed there for 2 nights, using it as a base for a day trip to Mantua also.

The various sights are scattered around the city center, showing the town’s various stages of development which are so crucial in its OUV of “Renaissance town planning”. To the east lie several small palaces, built by wealthy relatives and supporters of the ruling d’Este family. The Palazzina Marfisa d'Este for example is a villa with a garden that could be lovely if well-attended (I was visiting in winter so maybe it is nicer in spring or summer). There’s a loggia at the back, and the house’s interior has many decorated ceilings and period (or later) furniture. The nearby Casa di Romei is bigger, has two stories and houses a small museum.

At the heart of the city are the Cathedral and the Castle. Both have striking exteriors. In the interior of the Cathedral dark grey colours stand out – I was not too impressed with it. The Castle’s interior is quite barren too but is surely worth visiting. At the lower levels, the history of the city and the d’Este family is told via displays, and in another part, the frescoed ceilings are shown up-and-close via mirrors on the ground. There are some particularly gloomy dungeons too.

North of here starts the Renaissance extension of the town, with straight streets and monumental houses. The famous Palazzo dei Diamanti lies here. By then it had started to rain, so after a few quick photos, I cut my visit short.

John booth

New Zealand - 16-Sep-11 -

Ferrara by john booth

The WHS site includes several buildings from different periods. The Castello Estense and the Palazzo Municipale are from the medieval period, while the Palazzi Diamante, Guido d'Este and Turchi-di Bagno are typical buildings of the renaissance period.

Buses #1&9 link the station with the Castello Estense and the Parco Pareschi.

Graeme Ramshaw

01-May-05 -

Ferrara by Graeme Ramshaw

Spent a pleasant midday strolling around the Renaissance city of Ferrara. Really enjoyed the unusual cathedral (pictured) and the frescoes of the Palazzo Schifanoia. Most striking, however, is the city-planning: from the winding alleyways of the medieval old town to the grid-like streets of the Renaissance-era Herculanean Addition. Throw in some fantastic parks and impressive architecture and Ferrara makes a wonderful day trip for those in the Emilia-Romagna region.

Natasha Kelly

England - 01-May-05 -

I stayed in Ferrara for eight months as part of my BA Italian degreee and I really enjoyed it. The city was great, there are a lot of things to see. There are many places, but the best are the Palazzo Diamanti and the smaller Palazzo Marfisa d'Este. Other places of cultural interest are the two cathedrals- the gothic facade of San Giorgio is amazing, whilst the Castle is a reminder of the Este family who ruled Ferrara in the 15th century.

There are many parks to rest and enjoy the sunny weather, such as the wonderful Parco Massari, or the Piazza Ariostea where there is an annual racing event, the Palio, that dates back to the mediavel time.

Not only is Ferrara steeped in history, but it is close to many of the northern cities. Venice is only an hour away by Eurostar, whilst Padua, Mantua and Verona are easily within two hours. Florence is only under two hours away as well!

There are clubs and bars too, making Ferrara's night life good! There is always a restaurant or pizzeria around the city, offering good value for money.

Overall Ferrara is a great place to visit, or use as a stopping point to move onto somewhere else!

Site Info

Full Name
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta
Unesco ID
2 3 4 5 6
Human activity - Urban planning

Site History

1999 Extended

1999 Name change

From "City of Ferrara" to "Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po Delta"

1999 Revision

Includes former TWHS Pomposa Abbey (1984)

1999 Revision

Includes former TWHS the Po Delta (1982)

1995 Inscribed


The site has 2 locations

Ferrara: Diamantina


The site has

Art and Architecture
Human Activity
Individual People
Religion and Belief
Science and Technology
WHS Hotspots
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process


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