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World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers



Hattusha is the old capital of the Hittites, a people that lived during the period of the Egyptian pharaohs.

Its heydays were from 1375 to 1200 BC. The WHC named as reasons for the inscription: its urban organization, the types of construction that have been preserved (temples, royal residences, fortifications), the rich ornamentation of the Lions Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art of Yazilikaya.

The Hittites built their capital on a site that could be well defended. It was surrounded by a wall, to fortify it even more. The wall was decorated with two gates, the Kings Gate in the southeast and the Lions Gate in the southwest.

Map of Hattusha


  • Cultural

Visit July 1992

Hattusha only is an interesting place to visit when you know its history. The remains are really old, so not much is left. Also, the heat on this plain can be burning.

July 1992

For more interesting examples of Hittite culture, visit the Anatolian Museum in Ankara.

July 1992

Community Reviews

Peter Day - 19-Sep-08

Visited in August 2008. The Hittite building style was stone foundation topped with mid-brick walls - in 2500 years the mud-bricks have disappeared so you need a good guide book and a good imagination. But the sheer scale of the site is incredible - you can't walk round it, you drive. Make sure you visit the other Hittite sites nearby with some beautiful stone reliefs

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Community Rating

Community Rating 3.30. Based on 5 votes.

Site Info

Full name: Hattusha: the Hittite Capital

Unesco ID: 377

Inscribed: 1986

Type: Cultural

Criteria: 1   2   3   4  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2006 - Name change From "Hattusha" to "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital"
  • 1986 - Inscribed 


The site has 4 locations.

  • Hattusha: Hattousa [and Ibik
  • Hattusha: Kayali Bogaz (outpost) Turkey
  • Hattusha: Osmankayasi (rock necropolis) Turkey
  • Hattusha: Yazilikaya (rupestral sanctuary) Turkey


The site has 15 connections.



Human Activity

  • Writing systems: The Hittites used cuneiform letters. Archaeological expeditions have discovered in Hattushash entire sets of royal archives in cuneiform tablets, written either in Akkadian, the diplomatic language of the time, or in the various dialects of the Hittite confederation (wiki)
  • Language isolate: While Hittite is an Indo-European language, Hattic of the Hatti people who first built Hattusa is an isolate (sometimes connected to Northwest Caucasian) Link


  • Built in the 2nd Millennium BC: Criterion II: Hattusha exerted dominating influence upon the civilisations of the 2nd and even the 1st millenium B.C. in Anatolia and northern Syria. (AB ev)


WHS on Other Lists

  • Memory of the World: Hattusha Cuneiform tablet archives excavated at Hattusha, now kept in the archaeological museums of Ankara and Istanbul Link

World Heritage Process

  • Name changes: From "Hattusha" to "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital" (2006)