Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) are the remains of the first capital of the Assyrian empire from the 14th to 9th centuries BC. The Assyrian Empire took its name from the city of Ashur.
Ashur contained a large number of important religious buildings, and a handful of palaces. Documents from the 7th century BCE tell us about 34 temples and 3 palaces. Only few of these have been excavated.
The city was the centre for worship of the god Ashur and the goddess Ishtar/Inanna.
Exploration of the site of Assur began in 1898 by German archaeologists.
Map of Ashur
- ●● Cultural
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Full name: Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)
Unesco ID: 1130
Inscribed: 2003 In Danger
Criteria: 3 4
- 2003 - In Danger Dam proposal; state of war in the country
- 2003 - Inscribed
The site has 19 connections. Show all
- Under control of ISIS: Since March 7, 2015, the city was in ISIL held territory; As of February 2017, the group no longer controls the site, however it is not secure enough for archaeological experts to evaluate (wiki)
- Parthian Empire
- Assyrian Empire
- Eunuchs Link
- Oldest Buildings: Temple of Ishtar 2600BC "The city was occupied from the mid-3rd millennium BC (Circa 2600-2500 BC) to the 14th Century AD" (Wiki). " Early Dynastic period (first half of the third millennium B.C.). Some remains may even date to preceding periods. For this early part the stratigraphic excavation of the temple of Ishtar provided substantial information about the development of the religious architecture. Two of the five major building stages of it belong to this period." (Nom file) "The earliest traces of settlement in Ashur can be found in layer H of the Ishtar temple, but also in the oldest layers beneath the Old Palace, dating to the late Early Dynastic period (in the middle of the 3rd millennium B.C.). In the following Akkadian period (ca. 2340-2200 B.C.) which is represented by layer G of the Ishtar temple, Ashur is under the rule of the kings of Akkad. During the time of the 3rd Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2100-2000 B.C.) a governor of this dynasty is attested in Ashur." (Assur.de)
- Writing systems: Source of more than 16000 cuneiform tablets
- Built in the 2nd Millennium BC: "the most important role of Ashur was from the 14th to 9th century BCE when it was the first capital of the Assyrian empire" (AB ev)
- Located in a Former Capital: First capital of ancient Assyrian Empire
WHS on Other Lists
- Global Heritage Fund: Threat level: rescue needed
World Heritage Process
- Directly in Danger: Emergency Inscription