The archeological site of Chavin de Huantar was a sanctuary and pilgrimage site of the early pre-Columbian society of Chavin.
The cult complex is located in a high valley in the Andes. It consists of temples, a number of terraces and squares and a network of underground galleries. The Castillo is the main temple; it was decorated with sculptured cornerstones - the famous "Cabezas clavas" of which one is still in situ. Furthermore, there are zoomorphic bas-relief sculptures and sculpted megaliths.
Community Perspective: “Fresh mountain air, few tourists and, of course, a great site with a nice museum”. The underground galleries and chambers are the most fascinating aspects. Chavin can be reached from Huaraz on a public bus, with private transport, or on a tour.
Map of ChavinLoad map
Chavin is an ancient culture from BC on the more green, wet side of the Andes. It's a nice daytrip from Huaraz. Precisely you can tick off two WHS when doing this daytrip. The pass that needs to be crossed with the beautiful landscape around laguna Querococha is part of PN Huascarán.
Even though on this October day it was raining on the Chavin side of the mountains it was a pleasant day trip. For 15 /S you get a ride in Huaraz with Olguita Tours to Chavin de Huantar. It goes every full hour starting at 5 a.m.. It takes about 2,5 hours when all goes fine. The archeological site is at the very south of town. Currently they build a new bridge here it seems and crossing over the food bridge via the construction site caused some muddy feet.
We decided against a guide as we thought there would be more info panels. Especially at the beginning they're quite rare though. Close to the ceremonial plaza there were the first texts even in English however with limited info. Walking up a bit we reached the galleries. In the Lacron gallery there is a nice, carved statue that is original. The other galleries or underground tunnels are more impressive as they're so old. Finally one cabeza clava can be seen on a wall before walking to the exit. It's a stone face with human and feline elements and should display a shaman that turns into a jaguar after consuming hallucigena.
After lunch we walked to the museum related to Chavin. I have no clue who had the idea to build it at the exact opposite site of the village but I can say it's worth the 30 minute walk. Interesting side fact: During our archeological site visit there was a parade in the town center. So far so normal. Distracting was that constantly dynamite- like fireworks exploded in the air and shook the whole valley so loud were they.
We already witnessed a lot of bad museums in South America, but this one is really good. Only some texts are in English but the displays are great and the Spanish texts are comparibly easy to understand. Also the rooms are big and kept simple but focused on the important aspects. Highlights include a 3D model of Chavin that includes lights to show the specific aspects of the site. Then there is a collection of about 20 more of the cabezas clavas with multiple face expressions. 5 of them show even the complete conversion of a human into a shaman by taking hallucigena. Additionally there are stones and pillars with carvings that reminded me a bit of the Tiwuanaku culture. They show also human and animal elements. We were a bit annoyed by the fact that we had to pay for it as on the flyer at the site it was written that the 15 /S entrance at the site include the museum. Now the museum costs 12 /S entrance extra. We could bargain to get the student price of 5 /S for the bad communication. Both places are open until 4 p.m. except mondays.
Only the archeological site are 3 stars for me but in combination with the explainations and more interesting displays in the museum it's a 4 star place and a great, fun and exciting daytrip from Huaraz.
Read more from Timonator here.
Chavin is a small but fascinating archaeological site in the Andes of central Peru. The Chavin culture is the first major culture of Peru that developed arts and iconography. This iconography thereafter had a big influence way outside the borders of this civilization. As the site is not very vast but well marked, I believe most visits to Chavin are quite similar. Mine was almost exactly what Els and Juha described. I will thus only add some details.
The main difference between my visit and the two exhaustive previous reviews are that I did not use public transportation nor a private driver but a tour company. Chavin is best visited from Huaraz, which is also the main gateway to Huascaran national park WHS. If you only choose day hikes in Huascaran (and not multi-day treks), you better go with tour companies as they are quite cheap, give you a lot of freedom and more reliable than public transport. I thus bargained a package of tours with an operator and included Chavin in it for a good price.
We left in the morning and made a stop en route at Laguna Querococha. It is located in a very beautiful mountain setting and was my first sight of Huascaran. I chose Chavin as my first activity in this region because it lies at a lower altitude and is less strenuous than most hikes. I think it is a good strategy to facilitate acclimatization and avoid altitude sickness. Our guide also showed us the fault in the mountain above the lake that has the shape of Peru on the map.
The guide, only speaking spanish (I was actually the only non-native spanish speaker in the group), was very interesting and knowledgeable. He sometime works with students and archaeologists of Stanford University investigating the place in winter. As described by other reviewers, we first saw the back of the temples, walked to the main square (Plaza Mayor) and then reached the main temple (Edificio A), passing la Escalinata Blanca y Negra and la Plaza Circular. The external remains are interesting but not overwhelming. However, the underground galleries and chambers are the fascinating gem of this site. The Lanzón, sadly, is not easy to appreciate at its full value in there. The replica at the museum gives a better idea of the grandeur of this stela. We finished with the last Cabeza clava remaining here. The important collection at the museum is more interesting.
Even though Chavin is not as impressive as other precolonial archaeological sites, it makes a very interesting day trip from Huaraz and is a good solution for acclimatization. Learning about early Peruvian civilizations in the Andes was fascinating.
Site visited April 2018. After some more touristy sites in Peru, visiting Chavín was a pure pleasure: no crowds, souvenir sellers, touts and high entrance fees – just greenery, fresh mountain air, few tourists and, of course, a great site with nice museum.
Chavín de Huántar is located at the foothills of Cordillera Blanca mountain range at an elevation of 3200 metres. There are buses from Huaraz that take about three hours. I had a bit of travel fatigue so I decided to take a private transport. I negotiated a fairly good price with hotel staff. It took about two hours from Huaraz with a 4x4 vehicle which was a good choice because the road was in a quite bad condition at times. The highest point of the mountain road, the tunnel of Kahuish, is at 4500 metres. On the way to Chavín we made some short stops. One of the obvious stops is Lake Querococha which is a part of Huascaran National Park WHS.
When I entered the site it started to drizzle but it didn’t spoil my great mood. I paid a modest 15 soles entrance ticket and had a view around me. At first I wondered where are the temples and all but after a while I realised that I was at the backside of the site. The first overall feeling of the site is s bit shabby. There were some negligent roofs and scaffoldings that protect the ancient structures. River flows just beside the site so you could hear the sound of rushing water all the time. I felt almost like having the whole site for myself because there were only 10 other visitors.
Chavín is the greatest achievement of the Chavín culture which is the oldest major culture in Peru. The site itself consists of four temples and three squares in front of the temples. The main temple, temple A or ’El Castillo’, is pyramid like building that was finished around 800 BC. It includes the oldest constructions of Chavin and it is built in many phases. Around the upper part of the temple A used to be the famous stone sculptures or tenon heads representing human faces with feline features. Today only one head sculpture exists on the backside of main temple. Rest of the remaining sculptures, about 30, are on show in the Chavín museum.
Underneath the main temple are many maze-like underground galleries. Some of them are connected with each other and some of them are separate. The tunnels are dark but dim LED lighting make exploring easier. Beside the main temple and between two bigger temples is small temple that contains so called Lanzón which is large carved stone idol. Unfortunately it was not possible to visit that gallery at the time of my visit but replica of it was in the museum.
One of the most amazing features of Chavín is so called Black and White Staircase in front of the temple A and Portal of the Falcons above the staircase. Both of these ceremonial constructions are built with half black and half white stone. Black (north) and white (south) probably refer to the duality of Andean cosmology. Black and white colors of the stones are barely perceptible any more but it is possible to see some lighter and darker hues. Portal of the Falcons consists of carved columns and lintels. On top of the columns are feminine and masculine characters. Underneath the lintels are 16 carved falcons.
Worth mentioning is the Chavín museum (Museo Nacional de Chavín). It is easy to miss because it is located two kilometres from the site. The museum building is new and modern and it is funded partly by Japanese government. The exhibition is compact but it gives you better insight to Chavín site and culture. There are lots of artefacts from the site, the most famous of which are the tenon heads that used to be on the walls of the temple A. One of the highlights is the so called Tello Obelisk with animal carvings. There is also a great collection of conch shells which have been used as trumpet for ritual purposes.
I was really happy with my visit in Chavín. The site is compact enough to see and get a good understanding in two hours. The setting is beautiful and the site has some good information signs for independent travellers. And the museum was the cherry on the cake. For me Chavín was literally like a breath of fresh air among otherwise hot and hectic places in Peru.
Chavin de Huantar is a very interesting site depicting the eponym civilisation that flourished in this part of South America between 1500 and 500 BC.
The most incredible part was the series of tunnels dug under the site with their particular shape and ceiling offering magnificent perspectives and showing the creative and technical genius of the Chavin culture.
It is worth to visit the museum of the Chavin culture, located close to the site and having large collections of sculpted elements.
I visited Chavin by public transport from Huaraz. It takes 3.5 hours via a mountain pass across the Cordillera Blanca. You will also pass through the Huascaran National Park (another WHS) en route. When the bus is approaching the village of Chavin, you have a great view of the archeological complex that is pasted to the mountain. Although it is mostly known for its underground galleries, the sight of the main temple in its natural setting was a pleasant surprise to me as I had never seen photos of the complex.
I hired a guide to show me around (5 EUR, only in Spanish). The main structure consists of a grand pyramidical temple with a rectangular square in front of it. It was at this square where the religious ceremonies were held that the pilgrims came to attend. It is laid out almost like a modern-day stadium, with rows of stairs on the sides to sit on and watch the spectacle.
The site has suffered from a landslide and an earthquake, so some of it is not in its original location. Large sculpted stones are scattered over the area. Replicas of the Raimondi stele and the Tello obelisk can be seen.
A few things have survived in situ however: the Lanzon, a finely sculptured monolith hidden in a gallery, and one of the cornerstones in the shape of an anthropomorphic figure at the outside of the wall. The guide pointed out the large noseholes and wide open eyes in the sculptures - evidence of the use of hallucinogenic drugs. The site is also high on symbolism (the number 7 keeps recurring) and astrological features.
The originals of the archeological findings are nowadays located in a new museum in Chavin. This museum is impractically located on the other side of town along the main road, about 20 minutes walk from the Plaza de Armas. It is an enormous modern building, constructed with Japanese help. There are relatively few artifacts to be seen despite the size of the building - I was in and out in about 20 minutes. Their quality however is extremely good: sculpted Strombus trumpets, the Tello obelisk and the Cabezas clavas.
Read more from Els Slots here.
I am delighted to be the first to review this magnificent world heritage site!
To say that this place was a pleasant surprise was a massive understatement.
Chavin is still shrouded in mystery. Archeologists seem to have only a small idea of what the place was used for, so I will not comment on its origins.
At first glance, it appears that there is little to see here, but a little exploration of the site soon reveals a beautiful 'courtyard' and water 'tank'. These are only the start though. Much of the site is underground, and soon you find yourself in bizarre chambers and galleries.
The entry fees are only about $4, and it is worth every penny.
A real pleasure to visit, that should not be missed by any archeology fan!
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