Built in the 15th century

WHS whose OUV derives entirely or significantly from 15th century constructions. Where construction straddles the centuries the date of conception/commencement is used i.e which century does the site really "belong" to in spirit.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Agadez The earliest built heritage in Agadez dates from the 15th and 16th centuries. (AB ev)
Ahmadabad founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD
Angra do Heroismo Founded in 1450, Linked to the maritime explorations that in the 15th and 16th centuries, Port of call for Vasco da Gama in 1499
Bagerhat Constructed first half of 15th century (AB)
Banska Stiavnica "The 15th C saw the beginning of a period of immense prosperity for the area: defences were built round the town, the parish church was rebuilt and fortified, and many new residences were built....... in the 16th century they were either converted into Renaissance "palaces" or comnbined to forrn rows or terraces. Trinity Square, at the heart of the town, was a planned development of this period. However, a slow decline began at the end of the 15th century"" (AB)
Berat and Gjirokastra Gjirokastra: "Gjirokastra bears very certain and exceptionally well preserved testimony to the Balkan fortress-town of the 15th and 16th centuries." (AB ev)
Burgundy It was specifically in the 15th century that the process of diversification of separate cuvées commenced (AB ev)
Cathedral of St. James in Sibenik It was built in three phases, by three architects, between 1431 and 1535 & Criterion ii The Cathedral of St James is the fruitful outcome of considerable interchanges of influences between the three culturally different regions of Northern Italy, Dalmatia, and Tuscany in the 15th and 16th centuries (AB ev)
Champaner-Pavagadh The monuments of Champaner were built within 23 years of the town's capture by Mahmud Begada, Sultan of Gujarat in 1484. By 1535 the city had been captured by Humayun and was abandoned
Chan Chan Actually built earlier, but apogee in its planned form in 15th century
Changdeokgung Palace Complex In the early 15th century, the Emperor T'aejong ordered the construction of a new palace at an auspicious site.
Churches of Moldavia built between ca. 1487 and 1532
Churches of the Pskov School of Architecture the Pskov School of Architecture reached its peak in the 15th and 16th centuries (AB ev)
Cidade Velha "The island of Santiago was discovered around 1460 and claimed for the Crown of Portugal. There was no human presence on the island..... As early as 1466 it was granted a royal charter entitling its inhabitants to practise the slave trade.... Ribeira Grande was the first European town to be built in the tropics, from the end of the 15th century onwards... Construction of the first defensive structures, the town hall, and the first church began at the end of the 15th century" (AB)
Cliff of Bandiagara Archaeological evidence suggests human occupancy of the cliffs for at leaat the last 1,000 years, although the Dogons themselves did not arrive until the 15th and 16th centuries." (AB) "Among the Dogon several oral traditions have been recorded as to their origin. One relates to their coming from Mande, located to the southwest of the Bandiagara escarpment near Bamako... It is likely that the Dogon of today combine several groups of diverse origin who migrated to escape Islamization. (wiki) Paul (as this is a "Cultural Landscape" what the Dogon did elsewhere is irrelevant. Although there are "Tellem" remains caves etc today's landscape is primarily "Dogon" and the OUV emphasises connection to that culture
Corfu " The fortifications of Corfu were designed by renowned Venetian engineers, and they were used for four centuries to defend the maritime trading interests of the Republic of Venice against the Ottoman Empire.. Venice took .... control of Corfu in ..1386... In the early 15th century activity concentrated on the medieval town, with the development of harbour facilities (docks, quays and arsenals) and continued with the renovation of the defense works" (AB)
Cuzco Flourished as Inca capital in 15th century (Coricancha (Temple of the Sun) constructed 1432)
Djenné "In the 14th C Jenne-jaro was abandoned in favour of Djenne... (which) enjoyed its golden age during the 15th and 16th centuries. At that time it was a major centre for the spread of Islam. Taken first by the Moroccans in 1591, and subsequently by the Peulhs in 1810, the Toucouleurs in 1862, and finally by the French colonial troops in 1893, Djenné did not undergo any other period of major development until Mali won its independence" (AB)
Evora "Evora has been shaped by nearly 20 centuries of history ... But it was in the 15th century, when the Portuguese kings began living there on an increasingly regular basis that Evora's golden age began" (AB)The Cathedral was begun in 1184 and 2the 16th century was a period of major urban planning" (AB)
Ferapontov Monastery Wall paintings in the church of the Nativity of the Virgin, painted by Dionisy in the late 15th century (AB)
Ferrara city plan (1492)
Florence Renaissance principles by Brunelleschi (completed the cathedral's dome in 1436) e.a.
Forts and Castles Gold Coast Earliest dates from 1482 (Elmina Castle)
Fujian Tulou "Fujian Tulou is a property of 46 buildings constructed between the 15th and 20th centuries over 120 km in south-west of Fujian province, inland from the Taiwan Strait." - Nomination File
Graz For its Gothic buildings: ". Of the original castle where Emperor Frederick III resided, all that remains is a Gothic hall, a late Gothic chapel, and a double spiral staircase going back to 1499. .... Frederick III built the present cathedral in late Gothic style (1438-64)"
Haeinsa Temple The Temple dates from the 15th century, the woodblocks it preserves are from the 13th
Imperial Palace In 1406 the Ming dynasty Emperor Zhu Di ordered the construction of an imperial palace: its construction began in 1407 and was completed in 1420 (Beijing; Shenyang dates from 1625-1636)
Imperial Tombs "After the construction of the Imperial Palace (the Forbidden City) in 1420, the Yongle Emperor selected his burial site and created his own mausoleum. From the Yongle Emperor onwards, 13 Ming Dynasty Emperors were buried in this area." - wiki
Istanbul Capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1453: Topkapi Saray (1465). Developed further in 16th and 17th centuries: Blue Mosque (1609-1616), the Sehzade and Süleymaniye mosques, constructed under Süleyman the Magnificent (1520-66)
La Lonja de la Seda founded in 1469
Machu Picchu appears to date from the period of the two great Incas, Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui (1438-71) and Tupac Inca Yupanqui (1472-93) (AB ev)
Mantua and Sabbioneta The second part of the 15th century, the period of Ludovico II (1444-1478), gave Mantua a premier role in the development of the Renaissance; In Mantua the programme for planning urban spaces as a way of organizing the city was initiated in the early 1430s (AB ev)
Matera Tradition of living in caves in this area is long, but current settlements date from the late 15th century
Maymand The permanent settlements developed sometime before the 16th century (AB ev)
Medici Villas and Gardens "The villas built by the Medici, from the 15th to the 17th centuries.... (E.g) The Villa di Cafaggiolo.... is an ancient Medici family property acquired in the 14th century..... In 1451, Cosimo the Elder asked the architect Michelozzo to restructure it and make it grander while also transforming it into a summer residence with a garden.... Construction of the Villa Medici in Fiesole was started in 1458 by Michelozzo. ,,, Villa di Poggio a Caiano .... Guiliano da Sangallo was commissioned to carry out the work that started in 1479" (AB)
Medina of Tétouan It was rebuilt at the end of the 15th century by a group of refugees from Andalusia
Pico Island agriculture practice of viniculture started in the 15th century (AB)
Pienza Major buildings, including cathedral and town hall (1462)
Qal'at al-Bahrain Main Fortress dates from the 15th and 16th centuries (nom file)
Qhapaq Ñan The central thrust of the Incas' policy, initiated in the sixth century and recorded in millennia of pre-Hispanic Andean history, was expressed to the fullest in terms of territorial spread and maximum linkages among cultures in the fifteenth century (nom file)
Richtersveld Written records on the Nama people in this area exist from the 15th century. Possibly arrived earlier, but no evidence found when.
Royal Joseon Tombs Tradition (and specific design) started in the 15th century at Donggureung
Salamanca "The oldest university building in Salamanca, now the Rectorate, is the old Hospital del Estudio, built in 1413. Its facade faces the Court of Schools. The buildings housing the University proper, Las Escuelas Mayores, are grouped around a central patio and were built between 1415 and 1433." (AB ev)
Santa Maria delle Grazie Church 1466 - 1490, Last Supper 1495 - 1498
Santo Domingo Founded in 1498
Solovetsky Islands "The Solovetskii Monastery was founded by three monks from the Kirillo-Belozersk and Valaam Monasteries in the 1430s." (AB ev)
Strasbourg The Grande ile is "a unique ensemble of domestic architecture in the Rhine Valley of the 15th and 16th centuries". Construction of the Cathedral lasted from 1176 to 1439 when the spire was completed. (AB)
Temple of Heaven 1406-1420
Tomb of Askia 1495
Town Hall and Roland, Bremen Roland dates from 1404, Town Hall 1409
Trinity Sergius Lavra Criterion IV: "The Lavra is an outstanding and remarkably complete example of an active Orthodox monastery complex with a military function that is characteristic of the period of its growth and expansion in the 15th to 18th centuries." (AB ev)
Urbino Some of the leading humanists of the time, ...., came together at the court of the Montefeltro Duke Federico III, who ruled Urbino from 1444 to 1482, to create and implement outstanding cultural and urban projects. (AB ev)
Wooden Churches of Southern Malopolska The oldest well preserved Roman Catholic wooden churches date back to the 15th century (AB ev)
Wooden Churches of the Slovak Carpathians represent one of the best examples of European wooden religious architecture from the late Middle Ages to the end of 18th century; Hervartov, Saint Francis Church (1460-1480), Tvrdosin built as late as the second half of the 15th century (AB ev)
Xidi and Hongcun There are 29 Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and 3,611 Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) residential buildings and family temples in the county. Decorated with the typical local style of brick, wood and stone, carvings, they display the ornateness and elegancy of the traditional 15th-16th century edifices, boasting historical and research value, as well as being tourist attractions. The most typical of these are the residential houses of Xidi Village and the paleo-ox-shaped Hongcun Village. They have been referred to as museum of Ming and Qing residential houses in China." - china.org.cn


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Built in the 15th century?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source