Byzantine Empire and Civilization

The Byzantine Empire is the term used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered on its capital of Constantinople until its fall to the Ottomans in 1453.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Abu Mena
Ancient villages of Northern Syria Basilicas etc
Ani under Byzantine, Seljuk and Georgian sovereignty, it maintained its status as an important crossroads for merchant caravans (AB ev)
Arab-Norman Palermo syncretism between Western, Islamic and Byzantine cultures
Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" the key development of the site occurred during the Roman and Byzantine eras, in the 1st to 7th centuries CE, with the main structures dated to after the 4th century when Christianity was declared the official state religion (AB ev)
Berat and Gjirokastra Gjirokastra
Bethlehem Church of the Nativity: Byzantine frescoes and architecture (AB ev)
Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin During the Byzantine period, Bet Guvrin became an important Christian centre (AB ev)
Churches of Moldavia
Crac des Chevaliers
Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Various Byzantine incursions occurred during this period; parts of the city walls were destroyed in 899, and were reconstructed to improve the city’s defence (as documented by several Abbasid inscriptions). (AB ev)
Dougga/Thugga Byzantine fortifications
Echmiatsin and Zvartnots Echmiatsin's architecture was influenced by Byzantine examples
Euphrasian Basilica in Porec
Göreme NP
Haghpat and Sanahin
Incense Route of the Negev
Island of Patmos
Masada a Byzantine monastic community took over the ruins of the Jewish city and lived there till Arab occupation.
Medieval Monuments in Kosovo
Mount Athos
Necropolis of Bet She'arim findings at the big cistern
Ohrid Region
Old City of Jerusalem
Painted Churches in the Troödos Region
Pergamon rebuilding of the city walls during the Byzantine period, reusing stones from earthquake-damaged monuments (AB ev)
Petra Basilica church, Urn Cave
Saint Catherine Area
Stari Ras and Sopocani
Studenica Monastery
Takht-e Soleyman "was destroyed in AD627 by the Byzantine army of Heraclius I in a counter attack for the Sassanian invasion of the Roman armies. The Byzantines destroyed the fire temple and took away its treasures which were offereings by Sassanian kings. The site fell into disuse and was subsequently abandoned". See Byzantine-Sassanian War 602-628
Tauric Chersonese The buildings mix influences of Greek, Roman and Byzantine culture. (wiki)
Timgad In 535 CE, the Byzantine general Solomon found the city empty when he came to occupy it during the Vandalic War. In the following century, the city was briefly repopulated as a primarily Christian city before being sacked in the 7th century after the Muslim conquest of the region. (Wikipedia - Timgad)
Um er-Rasas
Venice and its Lagoon
Xanthos-Letoon Letoon - remains of a Byzantine church


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