Byzantine Empire and Civilization

The Byzantine Empire is the term used to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered on its capital of Constantinople until its fall to the Ottomans in 1453.

The connection belongs to History connections.

Connected Sites


Ani: under Byzantine, Seljuk and Georgian sovereignty, it maintained its status as an important crossroads for merchant caravans (AB ev)
Arab-Norman Palermo: syncretism between Western, Islamic and Byzantine cultures
Baptism Site "Bethany Beyond the Jordan": the key development of the site occurred during the Roman and Byzantine eras, in the 1st to 7th centuries CE, with the main structures dated to after the 4th century when Christianity was declared the official state religion (AB ev)
Bethlehem: Church of the Nativity: Byzantine frescoes and architecture (AB ev)
Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin: During the Byzantine period, Bet Guvrin became an important Christian centre (AB ev)
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens: Various Byzantine incursions occurred during this period; parts of the city walls were destroyed in 899, and were reconstructed to improve the city’s defence (as documented by several Abbasid inscriptions). (AB ev)
Echmiatsin and Zvartnots: Echmiatsin's architecture was influenced by Byzantine examples
Masada: a Byzantine monastic community took over the ruins of the Jewish city and lived there till Arab occupation.
Necropolis of Bet She'arim: findings at the big cistern
Pergamon: rebuilding of the city walls during the Byzantine period, reusing stones from earthquake-damaged monuments (AB ev)
Petra: Basilica church, Urn Cave
Takht-e Soleyman: "was destroyed in AD627 by the Byzantine army of Heraclius I in a counter attack for the Sassanian invasion of the Roman armies. The Byzantines destroyed the fire temple and took away its treasures which were offereings by Sassanian kings. The site fell into disuse and was subsequently abandoned". See Byzantine-Sassanian War 602-628
Tauric Chersonese: The buildings mix influences of Greek, Roman and Byzantine culture. (wiki)
Xanthos-Letoon: Letoon - remains of a Byzantine church

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