Monumental Columns

WHS containing a "Monumental Column". "A victory column, or monumental column or triumphal column, is a monument in the form of a column, erected in memory of a victorious battle, war, or revolution. The column typically stands on a base and is crowned with a victory symbol, such as a statue." (Wiki). Including monumental columns commemorating individuals or non military events where the form is notably "columnar" (I.e statues or plinths without "columns" are excluded). Also excluding Plague Columns which have their own Connection. Identify the date of creation, the event/person commemorated and location within the WHS.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Blenheim Palace "Blenheim Column of Victory" - Constructed 1727-30 "134 ft (41 m) high and terminates a great avenue of elms leading to the palace, which were planted in the positions of Marlborough's troops at the Battle of Blenheim".
Budapest Millennium Monument - "also translated Millennium Monument or Millennial Monument). Construction began in 1896 to commemorate the thousandth anniversary of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin and the foundation of the Hungarian state in 896,"
Ferrara In the centre of the Piazza Ariostea stands the sixteenth-century column designed by Ercole Grandi from Ferrara on which, since 1833, stands the statue of Ludovico Ariosto, the poet from whom the square takes its name.
Florence Column of Sta Felicita - "Putatively the column was erected to celebrate the 13th-century victories or crusades led by the Dominican friar Peter of Verona against the Cathar heresy in Northern Italy.[1] In 1484, the capital had a terracotta statue Peter of Verona preaching, as he had to the Florentines and organizing his militia of the "Società di Santa Maria" used to persecute heretics" & Column of Justice - "an ancient Roman marble Doric column re-erected by the Florentine Medici dynasty in the Renaissance as a free-standing victory monument with a porphyry statue of Justice at the top. It stands in the Piazza Santa Trinita, in central Florence.....was originally installed in the Baths of Caracalla in Rome and was given by Pope Pius IV to Cosimo I de Medici...The column was erected on its pedestal in 1565."
Istanbul Serpent Column - "The Serpent Column also known as the Serpentine Column, Plataean Tripod or Delphi Tripod, is an ancient bronze column at the Hippodrome of Constantinople (known as Atmeydanı "Horse Square" in the Ottoman period) in what is now Istanbul, Turkey. It is part of an ancient Greek sacrificial tripod, originally in Delphi and relocated to Constantinople by Constantine the Great in 324. It was built to commemorate the Greeks who fought and defeated the Persian Empire at the Battle of Plataea (479 BC) & Column of the Goths - "The Column of the Goths is a Roman victory column dating to the third or fourth century A.D. It stands in what is now Gülhane Park, Istanbul, Turkey" &. Column of Theodocius - "The Forum of Theodosius (today Beyazıt Square) was an area in Constantinople. It was originally built by Constantine I and named the Forum Tauri ("Forum of the Bull"). In 393, however, it was renamed after Emperor Theodosius I.....In the middle of the forum was a Roman triumphal column erected in honour of emperor Theodosius I by his son Arcadius, who ruled as the Eastern Emperor after his father's death in A.D. 395. Its shaft, decorated with relief sculpture depicting this emperor's victory over the barbarians, was surmounted by a marble effigy"
Nice Colonne du pape - a memorial column, situated on the place de la Croix de Marbre, erected in Nice in the 1820s to commemorate the two brief visits of Pope Pius VII to the city, in 1809 and 1814.
Padua’s fourteenth-century fresco cycles Colonna del Peronio on the Piazza della Frutta
Plečnik's Ljubljana The "Illyrian Column standing at the southern end of French Revolution Square. The column is composed of 1 x 1 m stone blocks symbolizing the transition to the standard decimal measuring system put in place during the French occupation and time of the Illyrian Provinces. It is adorned with various statues and bears inscriptions in old Slovenian and French language commemorating the historic moment when Ljubljana became a capital for the first time ever." (Nomination file, p. 40)
Rome Trajan's Column - "Trajan's Column is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. ... Completed in AD 113, the freestanding column is most famous for its spiral bas relief, which depicts the wars between the Romans and Dacians (101–102 and 105–106). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern." & Column of Marcus Aurelius "The Column of Marcus Aurelius is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy." & Column of the Phocas - "The Column of Phocas is a Roman monumental column in the Roman Forum of Rome, Italy, built when Rome was part of the Eastern Roman Empire after reconquest from the Kingdom of the Ostrogoths.....Erected in front of the Rostra and dedicated or rededicated in honour of the Eastern Roman Emperor Phocas on August 1, 608 AD, it was the last addition made to the Forum Romanum".
St. Petersburg Alexander Column - "Also known as Alexandrian Column.... is the focal point of Palace Square in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The monument was raised after the Russian victory in the war with Napoleon's France. The column is named for Emperor Alexander I of Russia, who reigned from 1801–25."
Trier Igel Column: "a multi-storeyed Roman sandstone column in the municipality of Igel, Trier, Germany, dated to c. 250 AD. The column is the burial monument of the Secundinii cloth merchant family, and was built by two of the family members, Lucius Secundinius Aventinus and Lucius Secundinus Securus."
Venice and its Lagoon Columns of San Marco and San Teodoro - Commemorating the city's 2 patrons - "the winged lion (symbol of Saint Mark) and Saint Theodore (the Byzantine Saint of Amasea), the city’s first protector.". Erected in 1127 having been brought in as spoils of war from an unknown location.
Warsaw Sigismund's Column "originally erected in 1644, is located at Castle Square, Warsaw, Poland and is one of Warsaw's most famous landmarks as well as the first secular monument in the form of a column in modern history. The column and statue commemorate King Sigismund III Vasa, who in 1596 had moved Poland's capital from Kraków to Warsaw."


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