Damaged in World War II

Sites that were severely damaged during the Second World War.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Aachen Cathedral Aachen, including its famed cathedral, was heavily damaged by Allied bombing attacks and artillery fire, but the cathedral's basic structure survived.... the glazing of the 14th-century choir hall, the Neo-Gothic altar, a large part of the cloister, and the Holiness Chapel (Heiligtumskapelle) were irretrievably destroyed (wiki)
Asmara President's Palace
Baroque Churches Wiki "The Church of San Agustin ....survived the bombardment of Intramuros by American and Filipino forces with only its roof destroyed, the only one of the seven churches in the walled city to remain standing. The adjacent monastery suffered total destruction. Architect Angel Nakpil designed the rebuilding of the structure as a museum in the 1970s."
Bergpark Wilhelmshöhe Bis ins Jahr 1945 flog die Royal Air Force mehrere Angriffe auf die durch die Rüstungsindustrie für die Kriegswirtschaft des Nationalsozialismus wichtige Stadt Kassel. Dabei wurde der Bergfried der Löwenburg grosstenteils zerstört (übrig blieb nur der Treppenturm mit einigen Mauerresten) und weite Teile der Anlage schwer beschädigt (wiki de)
Budapest Gellert Bath
Cathedral of St. James in Sibenik
City of Bath "Bath suffered three air raids in reprisal for RAF raids on the German cities of L?beck and Rostock, part of the Luftwaffe campaign popularly known as the Baedeker Blitz. Over 400 people were killed, and more than 19,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed. Houses in the Royal Crescent, Circus and Paragon were burnt out along with the Assembly Rooms, while the south side of Queen Square was destroyed. All have since been reconstructed, and regeneration work is continuing."
Classical Weimar Zerstört oder schwer beschädigt wurden unter anderem das Goethe- und das Schiller-Haus, die Stadtkirche St. Peter und Paul, das Deutsche Nationaltheater (das lichterloh ausbrannte), das Wittumspalais, die Markt-Nordseite und das Stadthaus. (Wiki)
Cologne Cathedral Suffered fourteen hits by aerial bombs during World War II, without collapsing
Corfu Municipal Theatre of Corfu
Curonian Spit "The battles of January 1945 saw considerable destruction of the woodland cover from fire, bombing, and the movementof heavy vehicles. Restoration work began after World War II and has continued with success" (AB eval))
Florence Florence bridges
Genbaku Dome
Ghadames "Until World War 2, Ghadames was the home of Libya's oldest mosque, the Atik...built in 666, but destroyed by Allied bombing. A new mosque has been erected in its place."
Graz Despite being one of the heaviest bombed towns in Austria,the Old Town of Graz was not seriously hit as the allies concentrated on the manufacturing and railway areas BUT there was 1 significant piece of damage - The stained glass windows of the oldest church, the Stadtpfarrkirche, "were destroyed.... The new windows, designed by Albert Birkle from Salzburg caused controversy as they showed Hitler and Mussolini among the torturers of Jesus."
Gusuku of Ryukyu Shuri area was totally destroyed in WWII
Hildesheim Cathedral and Church St. Michael's Church was destroyed in an air raid during World War II on 22 March 1945 (wiki)
Le Havre
Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape Jagdschloss Katzelsdorf
Liverpool Suffered 80 air-raids, damaging docks, quays and buildings
Malbork Castle The Castle was partly destroyed by artillery bombardment in 1945, at the end of World War Il.
Mehmed Paša Sokolović Bridge Five of its 11 arches were damaged during World War II
Meteora The area was bombed during WWII e.g The 14 century Agios Stefanos .... Much of the monastery was destroyed during World War Two and the Greek civil war that followed
Mining Sites of Wallonia Blegny-Mine colliery (destructed)
Museumsinsel (Museum Island)
Muskauer Park Both castles and the bridges were severely damaged, other constructions were totally flattened and never rebuilt
Naples Convent of Santa Chiara almost entirely destroyed bt Allied bombings in WWII
Novgorod German troop destroyed Nereditsa church.
Papahanaumokuakea damaged by Japanese and US forces during the Battle of Midway in June 1942
Piazza del Duomo (Pisa) Campo Santo: on 27 July 1944 incendiary bombs dropped by Allied aircraft set the roof on fire and covered them in molten lead, all but destroying the tombs and their frescoes (wiki)
Plantin-Moretus Museum damaged in 1944 bij a german V2-rocket
Pompei Hit by Allied bombs in Nov 1943
Prague Neo-Gothic part of the Old City town hall entirely blown up by the Nazis
Regensburg Despite having the Messerschmidt factory nearby, which was heavily bombed, the old town escaped damage. Except for the historic "Steinerne Brücke" (Stone Bridge) of 1145, one pier of which was blown up by the Nazis in an attempt to stop the US armies!!
Rhodes German-occupied medieval city bombed by British in 1944
Rjukan / Notodden Germany took over Rjukan’s facilities during WWII and built installations to produce heavy water shipped to Germany for use in controlling nuclear fission. Rjukan consequently became the focus of sabotage attacks by the Allies (AB ev)
Salzburg Allied bombing destroyed 7,600 houses and killed 550 inhabitants. A total of 15 strikes destroyed 46 percent of the city's buildings
Santa Maria delle Grazie Much of the refectory was destroyed in 1943, but some walls survived, including the one that holds the Last Supper
Schönbrunn central wing and gloriette
Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution Likely several components, but specifically the Bombing of Yawata Steel Works - mostly a failure but at least one bomb hit the site: "These photos showed that only a single bomb had landed within the Imperial Iron and Steel Works complex, and it had hit a power house 3,700 feet (1,100 m) from the nearest coke oven."
Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District "About half of the Speicherstadt was damaged or destroyed during the Second World War. Warehouse blocks A, B, C, J, K, M, and the eastern part of block O were almost completely destroyed. No attempt was made to rebuild blocks A, B, C, and J (in their place, outside the nominated property, is the modern Hanseatic Trade Center). Only the façade of block M was saved. The damage to blocks D, E, and L was less extensive. Architect Werner Kallmorgen oversaw reconstruction of Speicherstadt in the 1950s and 1960s. Some damaged buildings were rebuilt – with varying empathy for the original designs – while others were replaced with modern buildings. The most recent construction (2003-2004) was a multi-storey car park that has the same general dimensions as block O, on whose site it stands." (AB)
St. Petersburg Ropsha Palace (still in partial ruins)
Stralsund and Wismar Wismar - " The 80 m high tower church of St Mary ( Marienkirche) is the only remainder of the original Brick Gothic edifice, built in the first half of the 13th century. It suffered heavy damage in World War II, and was deliberately destroyed in 1960 under the E German Communist government." (wiki)
Strasbourg From 1943 the city was bombarded by Allied aircraft. In 1944 Palais Rohan was severely damaged
Syracuse Heavy destruction was caused by the Allied and the German bombings in 1943
Tallinn Tallin suffered damage during both the Nazi push east in 1941 and the Soviet return west in 43/4. There is some belief that Soviet bombing in 1944 was directed at civilians opposed to Soviet return. "The worst damage to the town was in the air raid of 1944. St Nicholas' church and the quarters surrounding it were destroyed, a total of 11% of the historical centre"
Tauric Chersonese Saint Vladimir Cathedral
Tokaji Wine Region Szerencs Bridge was destroyed by the Germans in WWII.
Trier Aula Palatina
Upper Middle Rhine Valley "Severe aerial bombardment during World War II resulted in the loss of much of the historic built heritage of Koblenz." (AB evaluation)
Valletta Opera House was destroyed
Vicenza Villa Valmarana in Lisiera. The villa was nearly totally destroyed during World War II, but has been rebuilt.
Vienna Many significant buidings in old city area were bombed in WWII such as Opera House, Burg Theatre, St.Stephen Cathedral etc
Villa d'Este Bombed in 1944
Water Management System of Augsburg The only structure that was bombed was the power plant of Senkelbach/Riedinger, which in 1945 had its roof rebuilt and the generation of electricity recommenced. (AB ev)
Würzburg Residence


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