Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers


Spolia is the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments. Only re-use after Antiquity is included.

The connection belongs to Architecture connections.

Connected Sites

  • Aachen Cathedral: Palatine Chapel: The chapel makes use of ancient spolia, conceivably from Ravenna (wiki)
  • Berat and Gjirokastra: Berat's Helveti Tekke includes five stone columns which were taken from the antique city of Apollonia
  • Cordoba: Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba: The building is most notable for its arcaded hypostyle hall, with 856 columns of jasper, onyx, marble, and granite. These were made from pieces of the Roman temple which had occupied the site previously, as well as other destroyed Roman buildings, such as the Mérida amphitheatre. (wiki)
  • Kairouan: Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba: There are 414 marble, granite and porphyry columns in the mosque. Almost all were taken from the ruins of Carthage. (wiki)
  • Longobards in Italy: In basilica of San Salvatore and Clitunno Tempietto Link
  • Syracuse: The cathedral (Italian: Duomo) was built by bishop Zosimo in the 7th century over the great Temple of Athena (5th century BC), on Ortygia island. This was a Doric edifice with six columns on the short sides and 14 on the long sides: these can still be seen incorporated in the walls of the current church. (wiki)
  • Thessalonika: The Ottoman Heptapyrgion fortress shows spolia with Greek inscriptions as decorative elements Link


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Spolia?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source