Botanical Gardens

WHS that contain a botanical garden: a garden with a documented collection of living plants for the purpose of scientific research, conservation, display, and education.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Amsterdam Canal Ring Hortus Botanicus is within the inscribed area, it's one of the oldest in the world (1638)
Ancient Nara At Kasuga Taisha: a Japanese form of botanical garden that contains every form of plant mentioned in the Man'yōshū poetry anthology
Angra do Heroismo Duke of Terceira Garden
Aranjuez In 1555, Philip II requested the creation of a botanical garden on his grounds. It succesfully received and cultivated flora from America and Asia (nom fil)
Bordeaux Part of the Jardin Public
Botanical Garden, Padua
Campeche Santiago: Used as the Botanical Garden 'Xmuch?halt?n'. Reconstructed
Cape Floral Region Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden (only Botanic Garden in the world which is included within a natural World Heritage site)
Central University City Campus of the UNAM Jardin Botanico Faustino Miranda. Belonging to the Institute of Biology. Situated south of the Olympic Stadium in the "Ecological Zone".
Cilento and Vallo di Diano Bellosguardo
City of Bath In Royal Victoria Park
Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas The Caracas Botanical Gardens are part of the University and the inscribed site
Classical Gardens of Suzhou Wangshi Garden (The Master-of-the-Nets) - It is one of the rare and unique botanical gardens of its type that remains.
Dubrovnik On Island of Lokrum. Founded in 1959 but developed out of the tradition for growing imported plants on the island brought in first by the Benedictines and then, from 1859, by Maximilian of Hapsburg for his mansion there.
Ferrara University of Ferrara Botanic Garden
First Coffee Plantations At San Juan de Escocia
Florence Orto Botanico di Firenze (1545)
Fray Bentos at the Casa Grande
Ischigualasto / Talampaya Talampaya: A botanical garden of the local flora at the narrow point of the canyon (wiki)
Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba The university buildings surround an open space which historically served as a botanical garden
Kew Gardens
Kinabalu Park "Formerly known as Mountain Garden, the Botanical Garden serves as a refuge for threatened species where the plants produced in the garden will eventually be returned to their natural habitat. As of 2005, not less than 3,200 plant specimens comprising of 400 species grow in the garden. Botanical Garden plays an important role as a nature education center for the public by bringing the plants to the visitors rather than bringing the visitors to the plants in locations that are often inaccessible. More importantly, it ensures that the natural habitat of the plants remains undisturbed."
Lushan National Park Lushan Botanical Garden
Mount Emei, including Leshan Giant Buddha Rare Botanical Garden
Naples Orto botanico di Napoli
Nice Antoine Risso, famous naturalist and botanist, transformed the Colline du Château, dotted with ruins, into a botanical garden that also served as a park intended for the pleasure of the first tourists. (Nomination file, p. 61)
Oaxaca and Monte Alban Jardin Etnobotanico de Oaxaca
Palmeral of Elche Huerto del Cura
Pannonhalma Arboretum
Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro the Real Jardín Botánico
Potsdam Palmenhaus on the Pfaueninsel
Prague Pruhonice Park
Quebrada de Humahuaca Near the Pucara is the Botanic Garden of Heights displaying local Andean vegetation
Rabat Jardin d'Essais - used for scientific purposes (for the acclimatisation of new species of plant to the climate of coastal Morocco) (AB ev)
Rio de Janeiro include the Botanical Gardens, established in 1808
Salzburg The Old Botanical Gardens at the site of today′s Furtwänglerpark
Siena This Botanical Garden, Orto Botanico, was founded in 1784 by Biagio Bartalini.
Singapore Botanic Gardens
Solovetsky Islands "The Makaryev monastery was converted to a botanical garden supplying hothouse fruits to Russian cities." (AB). This took place in 1882 at the Makarievskaya pustyn (Makaryev Hermitage) situated 4kms N of the Solovetsky Kremlin. Both outdoor and indoor cultivation takes place, making use of the micro-climate of a sheltered valley as well as hot water pipes. They are now known as Solovki or Khutor Gorka Botanical Gardens and are "famed" for the very wide temperature range 31/-35 C in which they operate. See
Sítio Roberto Burle Marx By the end of the 1960s, the nominated property housed the most representative collection of Brazilian plants, as well as rare species from the tropics in general. The collection of living plants became one of the most important in the world (AB ev)
Teide National Park At El Portillo
University of Coimbra University Botanical Garden
Urbino "The Orto Botanico "Pierina Scaramella" (2,200 m2), also known as the Orto Botanico dell'Università di Urbino, is a botanical garden maintained by the University of Urbino, and located at via Bramante, 28".
Vienna Botanischer Garten, Universitat Wien
Visby Visby's Botanical Garden is within the city wall area, the inscribed zone.
West Lake Hangzhou Botanical Garden


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