Avignon: During the French Revolution, the church was heavily damaged, and the cathedral turned into a prison.
Bahá’i Holy Places: Includes Prison in Acre, where Bahá'u'lláh, His family and some 70 of His followers were imprisoned in the barracks from 31 August 1868 to 4 November 1870.
Baroque Churches: Wiki "During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, the Church of San Agustin became a concentration camp for prisoners. Japanese soldiers held hundreds of Intramuros residents and clergy hostage in the church during the final days of the Battle of Manila; many of the hostages died during the three-week long battle"
Belem: The dungeons of the Tower were used as a political prison from 1580-1640
Belfries: belfry of Gent and Tournai were used as prison
Bisotun: "the Shah-Abbas Caravanserai was used for various purposes, e.g. as a prison. In 2002, it was acquired by the ICHTO, and has been restored to receive guests and scholars involved with the Bisotun project." (Nom file)
Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha was used as a prison for over 200 years from 1730s. Much of its vegetation was cut down to prevent prisoners from using it for hiding and making escape rafts.
Bridgetown: The Barbados Museum is located in the former British military prison of the Garrison
Bukhara: The Zindan
Campeche: San Pedro: Former prison
Castel del Monte: Has been used as a prison
Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay: Isolated right at the very end of the dormitory, the little building, which dates back to the 16th century, is often considered as having formerly been a prison. The abbots could legitimately enforce justice of any kind to those who lived on the land that belonged to the Abbey. But it might also have been the "place where the monks preserved (‘locked up’) the Abbey’s most precious possessions, such as books or objects of devotion."
Cocos Island: AB: "The human historical record includes ... use of the island (1872-1874) as a prison"
Coiba National Park: The penal colony still operates!
Corfu: The Old Fortress housed a Venetian prison
Curonian Spit: Valley of Death - French prisoners perished due to forced labour at a camp in 1870-1872
Danube Delta: The AB eval states "Conditions for the workers on state farms (on the newly-created polders) are reported to be extremely bad (attempts to introduce eco-farming in the near future)(IUCN-EEP, 1991); they lack basic infrastructures and the work is unpopular. It is reported that the state farms were used as prison camps"
Derwent Valley Mills: Cromford Village
Diyarbakir Fortress and Hevsel Gardens: Features within İçkale include the prison .. (AB ev)
Florence: Bargello used to be a prison
Fort Jesus: Under British rule the Fort was converted to a prison until 1958 (AB ev)
Fortifications of Vauban: Tatihou island was used as a prison for Germans during World War I.
Fortress of Suomenlinna: There is a minimum-security penal labor colony (Finnish: ty?siirtola) in Suomenlinna, whose inmates work on the maintenance and reconstruction of the fortifications.
Galapagos Islands: Galapagos Floreana and Isabela have been used as Prison colonies
Gammelstad: Parish hall was used to lock up detainees
Graz: Stable Bastion at the Schlossberg was used as a prison
Great Barrier Reef: Palm Island was used as a penal colony for aboriginals from the 1920s to the 60s
Gulf of California: Gulf of California Maria Grande Isle has had a penal colony since 1905
Heritage of Mercury: Almaden - "After the Fuggers failed to meet production quotas in 1566, the King of Spain agreed to send 30 prisoners to serve their sentences as laborers at Almadén. The number was increased to 40 in 1583. The prisoners, known as forzados, were selected out of criminals waiting for transport to the galleys in the jail of Toledo. Those selected usually had limited sentences and good physical abilities. Murderers and capital criminals were rarely selected, as the galleys were considered a far harsher punishment than the mines of Almadén" Wiki) There are some remains of this period " the prisoner gallery where the criminals were led to work in the mine from the prison." and location 1313rev-003 are the archaeological remains of the "Royal Forced Labour Gaol"
Hortobágy: 12 forced labour camps between 1950 and 1953
Koguryo Tombs: "During the Korean War in 1950-1953 .....during the temporary occupation by the Americans the Ryonggang Great tomb turned into a prison" (Nom File)
Kronborg Castle: From 1739 until the 1900's, Kronborg was used as a prison for slaves.
La Fortaleza: La Fortaleza
La Lonja de la Seda: "On occasions, the Tribunal would imprison merchants for debts in the central tower of La Lonja - the third part of the structure."
Loire Valley: Fontevraud Abbey was a prison from 1804 to 1963
Medina of Essaouira: "The prison, located on the offshore island"
Meknes: Cara Prison
Melaka and George Town: Melaka: underneath the Stadthuys
Mont-Saint-Michel: The abbey was a prison from 1811 to 1863
National History Park: Citadelle Laferrière
Novodevichy Convent: Used as a prison for rebellious royals
Old City of Jerusalem: The area surrounding the Cotton Market was turned into a prison by the Turks during WWI.
Orange: In the 18th century, prisons were built in the theatre walls and in the basilicae (towers either side of the stage). They were mainly used to pack in prisoners during the French revolution. (official website)
Paramaribo: Fort Zeelandia served as prison
Paris, Banks of the Seine: La Conciergerie
Portobelo-San Lorenzo: Fort San Lorenzo was abandoned by Spain in 1821 when Panama became independent. After Panama became part of Colombia, the fort was used as a prison
Provins: Tour Cesar
Regensburg: at the old town hall
Rio de Janeiro: Fortaleza de Sta Cruz. Used as a prison during the 19th C particularly for political prisoners.
Rome: Castel Sant'Angelo was used as a prison for the Vatican. Also the Carcere Mamertino which dates back to the 7th century BC (Livy). Many famous prisoners including St Peter.
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France: The Mont-Saint-Michel abbey was a prison from 1811 to 1863
San Pedro de la Roca Castle: AB: "From 1775 the Castle served also as a prison and many important political figures where imprisoned there"
Santa Ana de los Rios de Cuenca: Casa de Temperancia (now Modern Art Museum)
Santa Cruz de Mompox: City Hall contained the colonial dungeons
St. Petersburg: Schlisselburg
Sukur: "The traditional prison and the former execution site, neither of which is still in use, are partly ruined and in need of conservation and possible reconstruction." (Nomination file and AB)
Tower of Hercules: Old Provincial Prison is part of the inscribed area
Venice and its Lagoon: Prison at the Doge's Palace
Vilnius: The Domenican Monastery used to serve as a prison.
Wachau Cultural Landscape: Duernstein
Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Prison?
A connection should:
- Not be "self evident"
- Link at least 3 different sites
- Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
- Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
- Be explained, with reference to a source