Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Sieges and Battles

WHS within whose boundaries a "Siege" or "Battle" took place for which a reference of it subsequently being called such is available. (Possible sources - Wiki's "List of Battles" or "List of Sieges"

The connection belongs to History connections.

Connected Sites

  • Agrigento: Romans 261BC
  • Aleppo: By Saladin
  • Ancient Nara: Taira Clan 1180
  • Avignon: The bridge was damaged during the siege of Avignon by Louis VIII of France in 1226 (wiki)
  • Ayutthaya: Burmese Army in 1569 and 1767
  • Berat and Gjirokastra: Siege of Berat 1455
  • Biblical Tells: The Battle of Hazor (Old Testament) Link
  • Brimstone Hill Fortress: Jan-Feb 1782. Captured by France during the American Revolutionary War. Link
  • Cartagena: British 1741 (lifted); 1815, 4 month siege by Spain under Morillo who recaptured the city from the rebels who had declared independence in 1811
  • Champaner-Pavagadh: Of 20 months, by Mahmud Begada
  • Colonia del Sacramento: Several times, by the Spanish
  • Corfu: Sieges by the Ottoman Turks, 1537 and 1571
  • Crac des Chevaliers: "In 1163 the fortress was unsuccessfully besieged by Nur ad-Din Zengi, ... Saladin unsuccessfully besieged the castle in 1188. " (wiki)
  • Cuzco: Siege of Cuzco (May 6, 1536 - March 1537) Link
  • Dubrovnik: Yugoslave Peoples army 1991/2 (Lifted)
  • Durham Castle and Cathedral: Siege of Durham (1006) Link
  • Edinburgh: Edinburgh Castle (The Lang Siege 1571 - 1573) Link
  • Elvas: Battle of the Lines of Elvas (1659), between Portugal and Spain. Link
  • Florence: Siege of Florence (1529-1530)
  • Fortifications of Vauban: Neuf-Brisach was besieged by the Germans in 1870
  • Fortified City of Carcassonne: Siege led by Pepin the Short to expel the Arabs (759)
  • Forts and Castles Gold Coast: Battle of Elmina 1625  Link
  • Granada: Ferdinand + Isabella 1492
  • Grand Pré: Battle of Grand Pré (February 10-11, 1747) between British and French forces, Siege of Grand Pré (November 27-December 4 , 1749) between British and Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Acadians Link
  • Graz: the Hackher Lion at the Schlossberg is a monument to Major von Hackher, who withstood months of siege here by the French in 1809
  • Guanacaste: Santa Rosa historic mansion was the site of battles in 1856, 1919 and 1955, but the most important was during the 1856-1857 National Campaign against the "Filibusteros", a group of mercenaries from the US and Europe that believed in the doctrine of the "Manifest Destiny" and after taking power in Nicaragua, intented to establish an English-speaking slavery state in all of Central America, very much on the style of the Southern US states. After their victory, the Costa Rican army proceeded to attack the city of Rivas, in Nicaragua. Link
  • Gusuku of Ryukyu: Nakijin Castle during the Satsuma invasion
  • Gwynedd Castles: (Harlech Castle) Prince Henry 1409, Edward IV 1461/8
  • Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region: Hara Castle - During the Shimabara Rebellion (1637–1638)
  • Historic Cairo: By Saladin
  • Hollókö: Besieged by the Turks
  • Istanbul: (Constantinople) Umayyads 674/8 (lifted) Umayyads 717/8 (lifted), 4th Crusade 1204, Mehmet 1453
  • Kazan Kremlin: Russians 1552
  • Kiev: Turcic Pechenegs 968 (lifted)
  • Lyon: Besieged during the French Revolution. Aug/Sept 1783 at the order of the committee of Public Safety for counter revolutionary activities. French Republican forces laid siege and captured the city and followed up with its partial destruction and execution of many of its citizens. Link
  • Mantua and Sabbioneta: Mantua: during The War of the Mantuan Succession in 1630 by an Imperial army of 36,000 Landsknecht mercenaries
  • Masada: Romans 73AD
  • Medina of Tunis: During the 8th Crusade (1270)
  • Mexico City and Xochimilco: (Tenochtitlan) Cortez 1521
  • Namhansanseong: Qing Emperor Taizhong led an invading force of 130,000 onto the Korean Peninsula in the 12th moon of 1636. The Joseon army at Namhan Mountain Fortress totaled a mere 12,000 men, meaning they were outnumbered by more than ten to one. The Qing soldiers were also much better trained. Despite such overwhelming odds against them, the Joseon side managed to resist for 47 days. - official website
  • Old City of Acre: 2 sieges: first confrontation of the Third Crusade (1189-1191), and an unsuccessful French siege of the Ottoman-defended, walled city of Acre (in 1799) which was the turning point of Napoleon's invasion of Egypt and Syria
  • Old City of Jerusalem: Assyrians 721BC (lifted), Romans 70AD, 1st Crusaders 1099, Saladin 1187
  • Old Havana: British 1762
  • Paris, Banks of the Seine: Vikings 885/6
  • Québec: 1690 New Englanders (lifted), General Wolfe 1759
  • Rhodes: Demetrius of Macedonia 304/4BC (lifted), Ottomans 1480 (lifted), Ottomans 1522
  • Riga: Napoleonic forces 1812 (lifted)
  • Rome: At least 6 Link
  • San Antonio Missions: Battle of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) Link
  • Site of Carthage: Romans 149/6BC
  • Solovetsky Islands: (Monastery) Tsar v "Old Believers" 1668/76
  • St. Petersburg: Siege of Leningrad 1941-44 (lifted) - remains are inscribed as Green Belt of glory and Road of Life
  • Syracuse: Athenians 415BC (lifted), Romans 213/2BC, Arabs 878
  • Toledo: Siege of the Alcázar Jul 21 - Sep 27 1936. By the Republicans against the Nationalist force holding the Alcázar The building was largely destroyed by artillery, air bombardment and mining. In late September the building had almost been over-run but held out long enough to be relieved by Franco's forces. Link
  • Troy: Acheans c1200BC
  • Turaif Quarter: From Wiki "....led to the Ottoman-Saudi War of 1811-1818 and an invasion of Arabia by Ottoman and Egyptian forces brought the Saudi state to an end in 1818, with Diriyah capitulating after a nearly-year-long siege. The leader of the invading force, Ibrahim Pasha, ordered the destruction of Diriyah. However, when a member of the local nobility tried to revive the Wahhabi state in Diriyah, Ibrahim ordered his troops to destroy the town even further and set whatever was left of it on fire. When the Saudis revived their fortunes in 1824 and again in 1902, they made their capital further south in Riyadh, which remained their capital ever since.
  • Tyre: Alexander the Great 332BC
  • Upper Middle Rhine Valley: In 1688 Koblenz was besieged by the French under Marshal de Boufflers, but they only succeeded in bombing the Old City (Altstadt) into ruins.
  • Valletta: Turks 1565
  • Vienna: Ottomans 1529 (lifted), 1683 (lifted)


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Sieges and Battles?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source