Biodiversity hotspot

Natural WHS located within a biodiversity hotspot.

"To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot on Myers 2000 edition of the hotspot-map, a region must meet two strict criteria: it must contain at least 0.5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics, and it has to have lost at least 70% of its primary vegetation". See Biodiversity hotspot.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Aldabra Atoll Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park Caribbean Islands
Amami-Oshima Island Japan
Andrefana Dry Forests Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo Mesoamerica
Atlantic Forest South-East Atlantic Forest
Blue and John Crow Mountains Caribbean Islands
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Eastern Afromontane
Calakmul Mesoamerica
Cape Floral Region Cape Floristic Region
Central Highlands Sri Lanka / Western Ghats
Cerrado Protected Areas Cerrado
Chitwan National Park Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Coiba National Park Mesoamerica
Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands Caucasus
Darien National Park Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena
Desembarco del Granma National Park Caribbean Islands
Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest
Donana National Park Mediterranean Basin
Dong Phayayen Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
East Rennell East Melanesian Islands
Galapagos Islands Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena
Garajonay Mediterranean Basin
Great Himalayan National Park Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Guanacaste Mesoamerica
Gulf of Porto Mediterranean Basin
Gunung Mulu Sundaland
Göreme NP Irano-Anatolian
Ha Long Bay – Cat Ba Archipelago Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
Hawaii Volcanoes Polynesia-Micronesia
Henderson Island Polynesia-Micronesia
Huanglong Mountains of Southwest China
Huascaran National Park Tropical Andes
Ibiza Mediterranean Basin
Ichkeul National Park Mediterranean Basin
Isole Eolie Mediterranean Basin
Ivindo National Park Guinean forest
Jiuzhaigou Valley Mountains of Southwest China
Kaeng Krachan Forest Indo-Burma, Bangladesh, India and Myanmar
Kaziranga National Park Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Khangchendzonga National Park Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Kilimanjaro National Park Eastern Afromontane
Kinabalu Park Sundaland
Komodo National Park Wallacea
Lagoons of New Caledonia New Caledonia
Lake Malawi Eastern Afromontane
Laurisilva of Madeira Mediterranean Basin
Los Katios National Park Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena
Machu Picchu Tropical Andes
Macquarie Island New Zealand
Maloti-Drakensberg Park Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany
Malpelo Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Meteora Mediterranean Basin
Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve Mesoamerica
Morne Trois Pitons Caribbean Islands
Mount Athos Mediterranean Basin
Mount Emei, including Leshan Giant Buddha Mountains of Southwest China
Mount Etna Mediterranean Basin
Mount Hamiguitan Philippines
Mount Kenya Eastern Afromontane
Mount Nimba Guinean Forests of West Africa
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Ngorongoro Eastern Afromontane
Northern Martinique Caribbean biodiversity hotspot
Ogasawara Islands Japan
Papahanaumokuakea Polynesia-Micronesia
Paraty and Ilha Grande Atlantic Forest biodiversity hotspot
Phoenix Islands Polynesia-Micronesia
Phong Nha - Ke Bang Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
Pitons Management Area Caribbean Islands
Pitons of Reunion Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River Philippines
Rainforests of the Atsinanana Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
Redwood California Floristic Province
Rio Abiseo National Park Tropical Andes
Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve Mesoamerica
Rock Islands Polynesia-Micronesia
Rwenzori Mountains Eastern Afromontane
Sagarmatha National Park Eastern Himalaya, Nepal
Sangay National Park Tropical Andes
Shirakami-Sanchi Japan
Shiretoko Japan
Sian Ka'an Mesoamerica
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries Mountains of Southwest China
Simien National Park Horn of Africa
Sinharaja Forest Sri Lanka / Western Ghats
Skocjan Caves Mediterranean Basin
Socotra Archipelago Horn of Africa
Sub-Antarctic Islands New Zealand
Tajik National Park Mountains of Central Asia
Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves Mesoamerica
Taï National Park Guinean Forests of West Africa
Te Wahipounamu New Zealand
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley the Valley is noted as a global biodiversity hotspot (AB ev)
Teide National Park Mediterranean Basin
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
Tikal National Park Mesoamerica
Trang An Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
Trang An Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
Tropical Rainforest Sumatra Sundaland
Tubbataha Reefs Philippines
Ujung Kulon National Park Sundaland
Vallée de Mai Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
Western Caucasus Caucasus
Western Ghats Sri Lanka / Western Ghats
Western Tien-Shan Mountains of Central Asia
Xinjiang Tianshan Mountains of Central Asia
Xinjiang Tianshan Mountains of Central Asia
Yakushima Japan
iSimangaliso Wetland Park Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany

Map of Biodiversity hotspot

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  • Cultural
  • Natural
  • Mixed
  • Tentative


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Biodiversity hotspot?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source