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World Heritage Site

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Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks cover a high-altitude mountain valley renowned for its diverse alpine flora. The two parks are located in the Himalayas.

Nanda Devi National Park is dominated by India's second highest mountain, the Nanda Devi. It is largely unspoilt and free from human settlement. It has been closed to foreign visitors until 1974. Threatened mammals in the area include the snow leopard and Himalayan musk deer.

The Valley of Flowers National Park lies at a distance of 23km from Nanda Devi. It is also uninhabited. It is home to tahr, snow leopard, musk deer, red fox, common langur, bharal, serow, Himalayan black bear and a huge variety of butterflies. Its diverse flora is known for its medicinal plants.

Map of Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers


  • Natural

Community Reviews

Hiranmay Ghosh India - 21-Aug-11

I visited the Valley of Flowers last week. While there were quite a bit of hardship on the route because of landslides, the valley provided an exhilarating experience. The flowers were in full-bloom and moist with rains. I could not see much of the mighty peaks due to clouds though!

Juliana Hills New York - 20-Mar-10

It was so pretty and relaxing. And i even got to see some animals even thouhg i wasnt there for long!

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Site Info

Full name: Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks

Unesco ID: 335

Inscribed: 1988

Type: Natural

Criteria: 7   10  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2005 - Extended To include Valley of Flowers National Park
  • 1988 - Inscribed 


The site has 2 locations.

  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers: Nanda Devi National Park India
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers: Valley of Flowers National Park India


The site has 16 connections.




  • Highest (over 5000m): Gauri Parbat (6719m)
  • Himalaya
  • Glaciers: "The Inner Sanctuary .....and contains Nanda Devi itself and the two major glaciers flanking the peak, the Uttari (north) Rishi Glacier and the Dakkhni (south) Rishi Glacier. These are fed by the smaller Uttari Nanda Devi and Dakkhni Nanda Devi Glaciers respectively. The Outer split in two by the Rishi Ganga; on the north side lies the Ramani Glacier,....and on the south lies the Trisul Glacier, flowing from the peak of the same name."
  • Individual Mountains: Nanda Devi 7817m
  • Roof of the World


  • Women Explorers: Joan Margaret Legge(1885-1939) was a botanist from England, who lost her life on 4 July, 1939 while collecting samples at Valley of flowers, India. (wiki) - she was there on behalf of Kew Gardens

Religion and Belief

  • Goddesses: Nanda Devi National Park is named after Nanda Goddess, a manifestation of Goddess Parvati


  • Holocene: The Valley of Flowers has its own microclimate that was made posible only after the end of the ice age in the Himalayas


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