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World Heritage Site

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Isole Eolie

Isole Eolie

The Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) consist of seven islands off the northern coast of Sicily that are known for their worth for vulcanology. These islands are Lipari, Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi and Panarea.

Especially Vulcano and Stromboli stand out, as both have lent their names to types of eruptions (Vulcanian and Strombolian). The Aeolian Islands are also among the earliest studied for their volcanic features (since the 18th century).

Map of Isole Eolie


  • Natural

Visit April 2006

There are basically two options to get a glimpse of the Aeolian Islands in one day: join one of the mini cruises that take in most of them, or organize a trip yourself to one of the closest islands to the mainland (Vulcano or Lipari). I opted for the last possibility, and checked in at 9.30 a.m. in the rather scruffy city of Milazzo for the hydrofoil to Vulcano.

April 2006

There's no sign, but the smell tells you that you've arrived: Vulcano = sulphur. I choose this island because it could give me the opportunity to observe a sleeping vulcano from close range. There's not much else to see, besides wonderful views on some of the other islands.

April 2006

The climb to the crater takes about one hour. There's little shade and the first half hour is very tiring because of the steepness and the lush sand one has to wade through. Once at the top, not the crater but the fumaroles catch the attention: cracks in the ground that let off a sulphurous steam. Other visitors even brought gasmasks to be able to withstand the smoke of these fumaroles! I just stood watching from a careful distance, enjoying this natural spectactle. I walked on the edge of the crater too, you can even follow a trail that leads to the bottom of the crater.

April 2006

Community Reviews

Joel Baldwin Australia - 02-Aug-18

Unfortunately this was a disappointing visit for us. We had booked two nights in Milazzo on the Sicilian mainland to use as a base for visiting the Islands, but on our first day the weather was perfect and the seas horrendous - no boats were running! The second day, the weather was horrendous but the seas perfect - boats were running but in heavy rain. In the end we managed the ferry out to Vulcano, visited the sulphur vents just near the docks, and managed to climb up the crater as well. The hike was about as enjoyable as any hill-climb hike in heavy rain can be, which is to say not especially! We eventually admitted defeat in the early afternoon and returned to Milazzo, hoping to return another time in better weather. It does seem like a nice spot, but not one I can really leave an honest star-rating for.

Read more from Joel Baldwin here.

Clyde Malta - 31-May-15 -

Isole Eolie by Clyde

I visited this WHS in May 2015. Unfortunately I only set foot on one of the seven islands but I managed to get a great panoramic view of all the islands after climbing the volcanic crater of Vulcano. The climb is not a very strenous one and it only takes around 45mins of uphill hiking. The panoramic view is magnificent and well worth the effort. The trail is well marked and the terrain changes from earth to clay to old volcanic ash/lava to rocky which is quite remarkable for such a short hike. The trail is about 15 mins distant from the hydrofoil port and I had to make my way through a herd of local goats which were climbing the few trees and bushes beneath the volcano. The volcano's sole activity now are the toxic sulphuric fumaroles which cause the rotten eggs smell close to the crater rim. Several forms of yellow/orange/white crystals can been seen and it's a great experience to walk round the crater to view them. I walked down the crater and then up a zig-zag trail to a higher vantage point over the volcanic crater to take some pictures. I'm happy with the photos I took but believe me no camera will beat the beauty and awe seen through your eyes. From the high vantage point the other side of the fertile island can be seen and the weather was so clear that I could see the snow capped Mt. Etna in the distance. Next to the port, many tourists were enjoying themselves in the thermal mud baths of Vulcano but I decided to give this a miss. Vulcano is only 45mins away by hydrofoil from Milazzo and in the near future I hope to be able to visit the other islands possibly by sailing boat (Panarea has some splendid beaches and diving spots) and I wouldn't mind viewing Stromboli spewing lava by night too. Stromboli is the only volcano I didn't climb in Sicily (and the 5-6 hrs hike doesn't make me too eager to climb it either). The highlight of my visit was the outstanding view from Vulcano and the sulphuric crystal formations which to me was one of the best natural WHS I have visited in Europe.

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Site Info

Full name: Isole Eolie

Unesco ID: 908

Inscribed: 2000

Type: Natural

Criteria: 8  

Link: By Name By ID

Site History

  • 2000 - Inscribed 
  • 1999 - Referred Bureau - "The volcanic landforms of the site represent classic features in the continuing study of volcanology worldwide" but needs better definition/protection


The site has 1 locations.

  • Isole Eolie


The site has 19 connections.




  • Recently Active Volcanoes: 2 Active volcanoes. Stromboli - Has the worlds longest recorded period of activity from 350BC to present. Recent occurrences in 1986 (tourist killed), 1989, 2001/2/3/7/8 . In 2008 there were 4 vents erupting 20 times per hour. Vulcano - although considered "active" hasn't erupted significantly since 1888/90
  • Archipelagos: (Volcanic Arc) The group consists of seven islands (Lipari, Vulcano, Salina, Stromboli, Filicudi, Alicudi and Panarea) and five small islets (Basiluzzo, Dattilo, Lisca Nera, Bottaro and Lisca Bianca) in the vicinity of Panare
  • Type of volcanic eruptions: Strombolian eruption (Stromboli vulcano): .. small to medium in volume, with sporadic violence & Vulcanian eruption - explosive nature (wiki)  Link
  • Volcanic plugs: Strombolicchio Link
  • Tyrhennian Sea


  • Homeric Locations: The supposed location of the Aeolian Islands where King Aeolus kept the winds, though the islands have also been thought of as floating about like the winds themselves, and it is generally safer to assume that the location of the islands is left deliberately vague.

Human Activity

  • Scientific Developments: "Studied since at least the 18th century, the islands have provided the science of vulcanology with examples of two types of eruption (Vulcanian and Strombolian) and thus have featured prominently in the education of geologists for more than 200 years. The site continues to enrich the field of vulcanology." (AB ev)

Individual People

  • Gertrude Bell: Photo taken of Stromboli, December 1899
  • Rabban Bar Sauma: During his voyage westwards, he saw either Mount Vesuvius, or Mount Etna, or, perhaps, as Bedjan suggests, Stromboli, which was then in eruption (see source at link) Link
  • Posidonius: Wrote about eruptions of the volcanoes in the Aeolian Islands, creating a new island Link


  • Middle Pleistocene: The present shape of the Aeolian Islands is the result of volcanic activity over a period of 260,000 years. (Wiki)


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