Khangchendzonga National Park
Khangchendzonga National Park is a mixed site known for its glacial mountains and sacred cultural landscape. This Himalayan site includes the 8586m high peak of Khangchendzonga, the 3rd highest in the world.
The landscape features glaciers and glacial lakes, and is the habitat of species such as the snow leopard, red panda and Asian black bear.
For the local Sikkimese population, the area has important sacred significance. Both shamanic and Tibetan Buddhist traditions are kept alive in this cultural landscape.
Map of Khangchendzonga National Park
- ●● Mixed
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Full name: Khangchendzonga National Park
Unesco ID: 1513
Criteria: 3 6 7 10
- 2016 - Inscribed
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- Territorial Highest points: The 8586m peak Khangchendzonga is the highest in India
- Glaciers: Several, including the 26 km long Zemu Glacier
- On National Border: KNP shares approximately 45 kms of international border with Nepal and a shorter one with China
- Highest cultural WHS: 8586m
- Highest (over 5000m): 8586m high peak of Khangchendzonga, the 3rd highest in the world
- World's most prominant mountains: Kangchenjunga 29th most prominent (3922 m)
Religion and Belief
- Built in the 8th century: The sacred Buddhist importance of the place begins in the 8th century with Guru Rinpoche’s initiation of the Buddhist sanctity of the region (AB ev)
- Minority communities: Lepcha (probably indigenous) and Bhutias (from Tibet)
- Greatest Altitude Variations: elevational range of 1,220m to 8,586m above sea level (asl) within a relatively small area (AB ev)
- Viewable from another WHS: Kangchenjunga peak in Kangchendzonga National Park is visible from the Batasia loop on the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, one of the Mountain Railways of India.
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process
- Cultural landscape not recognized: AB eval states "ICOMOS recommends that Khangchedzonga National Park, India, be inscribed on the World Heritage List as a cultural landscape on the basis of cultural criteria (iii) and (vi)."