Blue and John Crow Mountains

Blue and John Crow Mountains
Photo by Roman Bruehwiler.

The Blue and John Crow Mountains are a remote mountainous region known for its biodiversity and relevance to the history of Jamaican Maroons.

The region provided refuge to escaped indigenous slaves, the traces of which can be seen at Maroon archaeological sites such as hiding places and a network of trails. They lived in and around the settlement of Nanny Town. The area is limited to the Preservation Zone of the Blue Mountains and John Crow Mountains NP. These mountain ranges are covered with dense tropical, montane rainforest. A wide variety of endangered and/or endemic plant, frog and bird species is found here.

Community Perspective: the Blue Mountains and its coffee history are well on the Jamaican tourist trail, but we’re still awaiting a first review describing clear access to the rather limited core zone of old forest (earlier research on that topic can be found here).

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Community Reviews

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Kelly Rogers

USA - 31-Jan-19 -

We visited Blue and Crow Mountains in November 2017.  We hired a driver to take us from Port Antonio and we are very glad that we did.  Some of the roads were not in great shape and we got to gape at the stunning scenery.  We were told that the "good road"  will be completed all the way to the northern part of the island eventually.  It was complete from Kingston to the National Park when we went.  This would be the only part I would be willing to drive if I had a rental.  

We stayed in a guest house for a few days.  We hiked on marked trails and on one day we went on one of the ubiquitous and obligatory "hidden waterfall"  hikes.   Our guide made the history of the site come alive for us by pointing out the uses of all of the plants we encountered.  We could understand how the Maroons could live in the jungle and have everything they needed.  We did not hike to the summit of Blue Mountain, which requires getting up before sunrise to avoid the characteristic mists, because everyone we met that tried, climbed into a cloud (so no views).  

We visited a small coffee plantation and it was delicious!  Believe the hype!  The coffee is good. 

The people that live in Blue Mountains are friendly, opinionated and hospitable.  My favorite combination.  We enjoyed our visit very much and would recommend that anyone visiting Jamaica spend some time in the Blue Mountains.   

Site Info

Full Name
Blue and John Crow Mountains
Unesco ID
3 6 10
Archaeological site - Caribbean Natural landscape - Forest

Site History

2015 Name change

TWHS was called "Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park", but large parts of national park were moved to buffer zone during final nomination stages

2015 Inscribed

2011 Deferred


The site has 1 locations

Blue and John Crow Mountains


The site has

Human Activity
Religion and Belief
Visiting conditions
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process