Ichkeul National Park
Ichkeul National Park is an important stopping-over point for hundreds of thousands of migrating birds each year.
It is located in northern Tunisia near the shore of the Mediterranean Sea. Among the lake's visitors are ducks, geese, storks, and pink flamingoes.
Dam construction on the lake's feeder rivers has produced major changes to the ecological balance of the lake and wetlands. Because these dams have sharply reduced the freshwater inflow to the lakes and marshes, the reedbeds, sedges, and other fresh-water plant species have been replaced with salt-loving plants. These changes have produced a sharp reduction in the migratory bird populations, which depend on the mix of plants that used to exist.
Map of Ichkeul National Park
- ●● Natural
Jarek Pokrzywnicki Poland 16-Dec-10
Well, the place was visited by me in 1999 but I guess that most of the information is actual. The easiest way to get there is by car (I haven't even checked the possibility of local transportation there), from Tunis take road P7 to Mateur and then P11 to Tinia, after a while turn left on a non-sealed but stable road you can reach the gate of the park (there is an entrance fee for the car). Just around 2 km from the place there is an eco-museum (at the time of my visit it was free of charge) with local exhibitions. From that point you can take an easy by-the-lake walk on a local road (unsealed) round the lake. All that area together with a nearby Jabal (Mointain) Ichkeul and the marchlands with bulls (on a way to the park) are inscribed as World Heritage Site. More info:
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Full name: Ichkeul National Park
Unesco ID: 8
- 2006 - Removed from Danger list
- 1996 - In Danger construction of two dams had limited freshwater flow and devastated the wetland values
- 1980 - Inscribed
- 1979 - Deferred Until Tunisia has contacted other States to ensure adequate protection of summering and wintering areas of major migratory species found in Ichkeul
- 1978 - Deferred Lack of documentation
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- Animal Migrations: Important stopping-over point for hundreds of thousands of migrating birds each year
- Lagoons Link
- Critically endangered fauna species: Slender-billed Curlew Link
- Otters: Eurasian otter
- Turtles and tortoises: Two pond turtles, Iberian Clemys leprosa and European Emys orbicularis are found in the lake
- Seals: monk seal
- Endorheic Lakes: Ichkeul sits in an endorheic basin Link
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process
- Former In Danger List sites: 1996-2006
- Inscribed on a single criterion only: x. to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.
- Inscribed at third attempt or more: Def 1978, Def 1979, Ins 1980
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