The Ogasawara Islands are a group of oceanic islands that display the evolution process from the birth of the islands.
It also is an habitat for valuable and endangered species, including the Bonin Flying Fox, a critically endangered bat. Also remarkable are its 134 species of land snails. Its fauna and flora with many endemic species and taxonomic disharmony is typical for isolated oceanic islands.
The nominated area consists of the Ogasawara archipelago (Mukojima, Chichijima, Hahajima), Kita-iwoto, Minami-iwoto, Nishinoshima island and marine zones. They are located 1000km south of Tokyo.
Map of Ogasawara Islands
- ●● Natural
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Full name: Ogasawara Islands
Unesco ID: 1362
- 2011 - Inscribed
The site has 21 locations. Show all
- Ogasawara Islands: Anejima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Anijima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Higashijima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Hirajima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Imotojima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Kita-iwoto and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Kitanoshima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Marine area
- Ogasawara Islands: Marine area
- Ogasawara Islands: Meijima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Minami-iwoto
- Ogasawara Islands: Minamijima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Mukohjima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Mukojima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Nakodojima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Nishijima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Nishinoshima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Ototojima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Some parts of Chichijima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Some parts of Hahajima and peripheral reefs
- Ogasawara Islands: Yomejima and peripheral reefs
The site has 22 connections. Show all
- Hit by Tsunami: Chichijima 1826, 1944, 1960
- Stratovolcanoes: The two islands from the Kazan Group are mountainous with both islands formed from the summits of giant submarine stratovolcanos. (AB ev)
- Whales: Breeding grounds of humpback whales and sperm whales, also sightings of sei whale, blue whale and north pacific right whale
- Turtles and tortoises: Green turtle (also lays eggs here), loggerhead turtle, hawksbill turtle and leatherback turtle
- Critically endangered fauna species: Bonin Flying Fox - about 100-160 on Chichijima, 100 on Minami-iwoto and sporadic elsewhere & Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980"
- Endemic Bird Species: Ogasawara Islands (its own EBA) - Japanese Wood-pigeon (Columba janthina), Bonin Wood-pigeon (Columba versicolor), Bonin White-eye (Apalopteron familiare), Bonin Thrush (Zoothera terrestris), Bonin Grosbeak (Chaunoproctus ferreorostris) Link
- Pacific Ocean: located in the western Pacific Ocean
- Pacific Ring of Fire
- Formerly inhabited islands: North Iwo Jima was inhabited twice, first by Micronesians before the European discovery in the 16th century and then by the Japanese between 1889 and WWII
- Micronesia: previously inhabited by Micronesians, tectonically and biologically part of Micronesia
- New islands: An Island provisionally named as Niijima emerged in november 2013, but has since Dec 26 joined Nishinoshima and ceased to be a separate island. Link
- Once Claimed for the USA: "Commodore Perry's flagship USS Susquehanna (1850) anchored for three days in Chichijima's harbor on June 15, 1853 on the way to his historic visit to Tokyo Bay to open up the country to western trade. Perry also laid claim to the island for the United States for a coaling station for steamships, appointing Nathaniel Savory as an official agent of the US Navy and formed a governing council with Savory as the leader. On behalf of the US government, Perry "purchased" 50 acres (200,000 m2) from Savory" (Wiki). The US appears to have simply acquiesced in Japan's 1862 formal claim over all the Bonin Islands
- Natural sites with indigenous human population: includes villages of Bonin Islanders, a mixture of European and Pacific settlers who talk Bonin English, also called Ogasawara Mixed Language
- Eocene: The Ogasawara Islands were formed around 48 million years ago. (Wiki)
- Dubbed as another WHS: Galapagos in the Orient
- Built or owned by Americans: Under US control from 1945-1968 (they introduced the goats that degraded the vegetation on Chichijima and Mukojima)
- Takes more than 5 days to visit: Ferry from Tokyo takes (at least) 25 hours, return ferry starts 3 days later, so just over 5 days round trip Link
- Situated in an administrative exclave of a city: Administratively part of Tokyo City despite being situated 1000kms south of it.
WHS on Other Lists
- Biodiversity hotspot: Japan
World Heritage Process
- Inscribed on a single criterion only: ix. to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals