Cape Floral Region

Cape Floral Region
Photo by Els Slots.

The Cape Floral Region Protected Areas consists of 13 clusters covered with fynbos and known for their rich plant life.

They are located in the Mediterranean climate region of South Africa Western Cape Province and the Eastern Cape Province. With the Cape Floral Region being of the six Floral Kingdoms of the world, the outstanding diversity, density and endemism of the flora are among the highest worldwide.

Community Perspective: The site comprises 13 locations, of which Table Mountain and the Kirstenbosch Gardens are the most accessible as they lie in Cape Town. Bernard has given an overview of some other clusters that can be done self-driving. August/September is the best time to see the flowers.

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Els Slots

The Netherlands - 13-Jan-18 -

Cape Floral Region by Els Slots

The Cape Floral Region is one of the few WHS solely focused on flora. ‘Fynbos’ is the key subject here: a diverse shrubland and heathland vegetation with many endemic species. It comes for example in the variation of ‘rooibos’, which is used for the eponymous tea. Although plants aren’t my specific area of interest, I managed to visit Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens and the Table Mountain National Park during my 4 days in Cape Town. These cover only 1 of the 13 inscribed clusters – the other 12 are located in the Western and Eastern Cape Provinces.

My explorations started at Kirstenbosch gardens. I was staying at a Bed&Breakfast in Klaassens Road, next to Gate no. 3 of the gardens. This whole area is incredibly lush – and wealthy. Properties sell easily for over 1 million EUR. Entering Kirstenbosch via this upper gate leads you directly to the fynbos and the proteas, both almost only to be found in the Cape Floral Region. With Table Mountain directly in the background, it’s all very pleasing to the eye. The lower part, near main entrance no. 1, is a bit more like a landscape garden and hosted lots of picnickers when I was visiting on a Saturday afternoon.

We’ve discussed before on this website whether it is more important to preserve an iconic and large fauna species such as the giant panda or the mountain gorilla, than for example a mouse or even an ant. This also applies to the flora: we have the giant trees of Redwood and the double ‘coco de mer’ coconut of Vallée de Mai. The Cape Flora Region’s main claim to fame is its fynbos – which essentially is a low and unassuming shrub. I have tried and tried to find anything to love about it, but I can’t.

I spent 3 hours in Kirstenbosch, which is a pleasure to walk in. Kirstenbosch also has a (rather lame) canopy walkway, a new addition to our connection. More extreme activities can be done from Table Mountain. Getting there involves stepping into a spectacular cable car that rotates 360 degrees during the ride. From the top, you can try abseiling, or just watch other people do it.

The remarkable thing about the top surface of Table Mountain is that it is covered by a great variety of plants. Somehow you would just expect a rocky platform. There are trails to explore the 3km width of the mountain, and it is recommended to go as far from the cable car station as you can – only there you will find some peace and quiet to enjoy the landscape. Yes, Table Mountain is one of our ‘one million visitors or more’ sites.

Kirstenbosch and Table Mountain are two of the obligatory stops on any trip to Cape Town, and they were well worth a visit. They attract lots of people, both locals and tourists: a bit too many for my taste. The diversity in plant life is easy to grasp and certainly a strong point of these two locations. Unfortunately, I was too late in the season for the blooming of the flowers, so I had to look at a lot of green shrubs.

Read more from Els Slots here.

Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero

The Philippines - 22-Jan-17 -

Cape Floral Region by bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero

A large part of the satisfaction I got in ticking this site off stems from the fact that not only did I see the three nature reserves that form the Table Mountain National Park, but, more importantly, I was able to pay proper visits to seven out of the eight protected areas that make up the inscribed serial property (I missed out Groot Winterhoek).

The Cape floral region is a truly unique ecosystem of the fynbos. Kirstenbosch provides a bird's eyeview of the different fynbos that thrive across different habitats, and it would be best to start one's travel here (I, however, started with the Baviaanskloof moving towards Table Mountain then going up to the Cederberg, making the botalnical garden my last stop).

Here are some of the highlights: (a) the beautiful mountain scenery provided by the Swartberg Pass and the Merringspoort Pass. Both connect the Little Karoo and the Great Karoo, and are great feats of mountain engineering; (b) the rock formations of the Cederberg and its good collection of ancient Bushmen paintings (we took the Sevilla rock art trail); (c) the coastal white sand dunes and game drive of De Hoop; (d) views of Strand, Stellenbosch, Franchshoek and the rest fo the Boland area/wine region on top of the Holland-Hottentots mountains; (d) scenic coastal drives by the Cape of Good Hope and Kogelberg biosphere reserve -- very enjoyable!; and (e) imposing beauty of Table Mountain as seen in and around Cape Town - a true world-class landmark! Also memorable was the walk along the penguin colony in Simon's Town, which is part of the inscribed property as well.

Overall, the outstanding universal values of this serial property is not hard to understand and appreciate. Each protected area is different from one another, and is definitely worth visiting.

Adrian Lakomy

Slovakia - 01-May-05 -

Cape Floral Region by Adrian Lakomy

Visiting Cape Town a collector can visit 2 sites. First is Robben island and second is Cape Floral Region.

This site consists of six (?) parts which are geographicaly in whole region of Western Cape.

So I visited only the "Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden" and Cape Point National park. The whole region is a housing of Fynbos ("fine bush") which is rare only for this part of world. The natural location is very nice and I enjoyed my stay there, especialy on Cape Point even it is very windy. Just be prepared that you will need a whole day for such a trip.

Pic: Lighthouse on Cape Point surrounded by Fynbos


South Africa - 01-May-05 -

Situated with the spectacular Cape Floral Kingdom, Table Mountain is a famous landmark and icon for all those that live in the Cape. Being from Johannesburg I had never actually been up to the top of Table Mountain and always wanted to. When eventually including Cape Town in our holiday it was decided that a visit to the Cape Floral Kingdom and the top of Table Mountain was a definite.

Even though it was rather hot, we knew it would be freezing up on the mountain. After clothing ourselves with at least 3 layers of clothes and packing our picnic basket, we headed our way to the famed Table Mountain. We boarded the Cableway which would transport us up to the top of the mountain. The view was spectacular! The cable car’s rotating floor enabled us to see a 360 degree view of the entire city and floral wonderland below! The scenery was absolutely exquisite.

When we arrived at the top of the mountain, I could not wait to see the view. The entire mountain boasts walkways and seating positions from which the city can be admired. On the one side we could see Camps Bay and watch how the sun caused to entire sea to shimmer. On the other side we could appreciate Cape Town’s sheer expanse and could even spot Robben Island! It is so quiet up on the mountain. It is almost as if the world stops when you admire the view up here! Everything else stops and becomes silent.

There is a restaurant up on Table Mountain serving lovely hot chocolate to keep you warm. We found a perfect spot on the rocks for our picnic. As we feasted on our goodies and sipped on champagne, we admired the spectacular sunset and the pure radiance of the sky. It was truly exquisite.

When the sun retired for the day, it became extremely cold! That’s when we headed off to the restaurant for that warm hot chocolate and cuddled inside!

When at night, the city’s myriads of lights illuminate the entire sky! What a breath taking sight. We could truly appreciate Cape Town’s size when admiring the expanse of lights. In fact, we could see lights as far as the eye can see!

As I sat there admiring the beauty, little did I know that very soon, in a few months, I would be proposed to here at this very spot! Table Mountain holds many wonderful and unforgettable memories for me. It is an exquisite place I will always return to and admire. No matter how many times you visit Table Mountain, the spectacular view never becomes boring!

There is a great photo gallery of Table Mountain available at the following site and I've included a few other useful links for those who are interested in visiting Table Mountain and Cape Town:

Table Mountain Photographs:

Table Mountain National Park (Cape Floral Kingdom):

Robben Island:

The Western Cape:


UK - 01-May-05 -

Cape Floral Region by Solivagant

The WHS additions in July 2004 were a mixed lot in my opinion but 1 stood out for me –the “Cape Floral Region Protected Areas”. Alongside the usual litany of uninspiring/mediocre European sites (Liverpool, Muskauer and Andorra Valley?) and shady political dealings (The Koguryo China/N Korea “compromise”!) here was a site whose selection showed real imagination. A site of genuine uniqueness and justifiable preservation. Yet it took UNESCO from the year 2000 with 2 “deferrals” to get this nomination accepted! So typical of bureaucrats to concentrate on “Dotting the I’s” rather than on the value of the concept!

To quote

“Although the smallest of the world’s 6 principle floristic regions and in a temperate zone it has a degree of species richness comparable with most tropical hotspots. In less than .5% of the area of Africa it has nearly 20% of its flora and in less than 4% of the area of Southern Africa it has nearly 44% of the sub-continental flora of 20367 species. Nearly 69% of its vascular species do not occur naturally anywhere else in the world”

From within this “kingdom” 8 areas have been inscribed stretching as far as 450kms from the city of Capetown. The most famous and easily accessible is that of the Cape Peninsular itself although this is the second smallest - you will go through it if you go down to the Cape of Good Hope (as we did).

To quote again “The distinctive flora which contains 80% of its floristic richness is a shrubland known as “Fynbos”. The most famous genera found in this habitat are the Proteaciae. The Protea in its various forms is a magnificent plant often now sold in Europe for flower arrangements having been flown in from S Africa.

These, and many other wonderful plants, are easily viewable growing naturally as you drive around the Cape Region. My photo is of a stand in the flower show of a pleasant little town called Clanwilliam near to the Cederberg Wilderness area of the WHS showing a variety of Proteas.

August/September is the best time to see the flowers – we took them in as part of a drive down from Namibia via Namaqualand with its own wonderful flowers. As you drive south you “follow” the blooming of the flowers all the way until you finish up at the Cape itself – a wonderful trip!

Site Info

Full Name
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas
Unesco ID
South Africa
9 10
Wildlife habitat - Flora

Site History

2015 Extended

5 additional areas formerly in buffer zone added

2004 Inscribed

2000 Requested by State Party to not be examined

Postponement requested


The site has 13 locations

Cape Floral Region: Table Mountain National Park
Cape Floral Region: Cederberg Wilderness Area
Cape Floral Region: Groot Winterhoek Wilderness Area
Cape Floral Region: Boland Mountain Complex
Cape Floral Region: De Hoop Nature Reserve
Cape Floral Region: Anysberg Nature Reserve
Cape Floral Region: Swartberg Complex
Cape Floral Region: Baviaanskloof Protected Area
Cape Floral Region: Hexrivier Complex
Cape Floral Region: Riviersonderend Nature Reserve
Cape Floral Region: Agulhas Complex
Cape Floral Region: Langeberg Complex
Cape Floral Region: Garden Route Complex


The site has

Human Activity
Individual People
Science and Technology
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process


Community Members have visited.

A. Mehmet Haksever AC ALS Aalberty Adrian Lakomy Adrian Turtschi Aed1111 Alex Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Alicemears Allison Vies Ammon Watkins Amy Tull Andersgrau8 Ani Annalett Swanepoel Antlane Ask Gudmundsen Aspasia Atila Ege Auserican Bazikoln Bborders Ben Ami BenReeve Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero Bob Parda Bodil Ankerly Bram de Bruin Brigitte Huber Can SARICA Carlo Medina Carlo Sarion Carlos Garrido Chinmaya Chiuliqi Cirene Moraes Cjones Claire Bradshaw ClaireWhiteley Clem C Corinne Vail Cristina Erba Ctravel Dani Cyr Daniel C-Hazard Daniel Gabi Daniela Hohmann Debfc Deffra Delphine Delaunay Dennis Nicklaus Dkabanov Donald M Parrish Jr Dorejd Drinkteatravel Dutchbirder ELVAN YURDUSEN Eatexplore57 Eireann949 Elaine McArdle Ellen Nielsen Els Slots Enrique Clemente Eric Lorentz Eric PK Everlien FGKJR1492X Fan Yibo Femke Roos Ferdimerkx Fernweh Finsbury_jo Gabbro Gary Arndt Ge zhang Geert Luiken George Evangelou Gernot Gile363 Gilles GithaK Gonçalo Elias Gordon Mitchell Greg Troy HE SHAOMIN Haining Guan Hammeel Handballrama Harald T. HaraldOest Harry Mitsidis Iain Jackson Ingrid Ivan Izzet Ege Janameerman Jarrod_Byham Jason and Corrinna Javier Coro Jay T Jean Lecaillon Jeankedezeehond Jeanne OGrady Jens Jgera Joaofg John Westray Jos Schmitz Joseph C. Joshuakirbens Joyce van Soest João Aender Jsalda Jsrinivasan Judith Tanner JudyWalsh Junwang111 Juropa KB1 KarenBMoore Karin Heyl Kasienka5 Katharina Kbtwhs Kelly Henry Kinstell Klaus Bondar Knut Koen Vliegenthart Krijn Kris Umlauf Kurt Lauer Larahartog Lars Bogstad Leontine Helleman Leslie84 Liverpool1023 Loic Pedras Lois Dekker Longdutch Lorenzo Mejino Ludvan Luis Filipe Gaspar MMM Malgorzata Kopczynska Mariam Marie Morlon Marleen Speelman-Kooijmans Marlies van Wolfswinkel Martin Lind (Switzerland) Marvin B. Matthewsharris Mcclaud71 Michael Ayers Michael Novins Michael Rohde Michael Turtle Michaelsballard Michal Kozok Michiel Dekker Mihai Dascalu Mikael Bjork Mikal Ahmet Mikko MirksB Mkmor9913 Mnikish730 Monica Tasciotti Morodhi Mtlmr Naim Y Neil McPaul Niall Sclater Nihal Ege Nomad99 Olli-Pekka Turunen P Thomas Pandapearls Pasha Globus Patrik_globe Paul Schofield PeterA PeterH Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Pigi9389 Pink Bunny Piotrurbanski Pressdm Qqalexqq Rachel Perkins Randi Thomsen Red Reddargon Reiseblitz Reisedachs Reza Ri Richard Stone Richardleesa Rickard Alfredsson Riomussafer Robin Frank Roger Ourset Roman Koeln Rswood Rvieira Ryan09sb SHIHE HUANG Sascha Grabow Seadie Sergio Arjona Shannon O'Donnell Shaun Ankers Shoaibmnagi Sneijder55 Socon Solivagant Sophie Stanislaw Warwas Stephanv Stephanvermeulen Stephen Brooker Super-Sophie Sutul Svein Elias Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Thomas Buechler Thomas Harold Watson Thomas van der Walt TimAllen Timothy C Easton Tino A Offner Tjark Tkinou TomvanBalen Tony0001 Travel Addicts TravelPeter84 Travellingcat Trevni Van Hung Veelineen Vernon Prieto Vicente B. Avanzado Jr. Victoria | Bridges and Balloons Vidiot Vlad Lesnikov Voyager WHS Lux Wait About Walter Walter H. WantRain Waxwing Werner Huber Wkuhnel WolfgangHl Worldstuwim Wtrentfox YY Zacharymackenzie Zdmackenzie Zoë Sheng Zsuzsanna Forray Александар Стојиљковић