Lake Malawi

Lake Malawi
Photo by Randi Thomsen.

Lake Malawi National Park holds over 500 fish species (over 90% endemic), which makes it a key example of specialized evolution.

Most noteworthy among the fish are the cichlids (rockfish), with 345 species endemic to the park, which are an object for scientific study because of their rapid increase in species diversity. With its Rift Valley escarpment backdrop, this freshwater lake also is of exceptional beauty. The lake is the third largest and second deepest lake in Africa.

Community Perspective: for starters, the core zone only covers the southern part of Lake Malawi, including Cape Maclear Peninsula. From Cape Maclear you can arrange snorkeling trips “to see the beautiful variety of fish that gather in the rocks just off the nearby islands as well as Otter Point at the far end of the park”. Catamaran trips to see the rockfish and diving excursions are also on offer. The lodge on remote Mumbo Island comes recommended.

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Randi Thomsen

Norway - 10-Sep-22 -

Lake Malawi by Randi Thomsen

July is a very good time of the year to visit this site. The temperature is simply perfect! Two nights on Mumbo Island, which is in the south end of the lake about one hour from Cape MacClear, is just an adventure. The Island has never been populated and is still in its natural state with a thick covering of miombo woodland and ancient fig and baobab trees. The island gives you a Robinson Crusoe feeling, unspoiled in the middle of “an ocean”. 

The lodge is run by Kayak Africa, which have a lodge in Cape MacClear as well. The camp has 6-7 cabins which is down to earth, with simple cabins build of reeds, timber, thatch and canvas, bucket showers and eco-loos. The place has neither electricity, wifi or telephone service, but the personal service is impeccable!

What to do in such a remote place? There are activities like snorkelling, kayaking, hiking or just relaxing. But first, a dive into the water it’s a must.  Lake Malawi is famous for its endemic cichlids.  The small beach is iconic, and perfect for snorkelling.  There are more than 500 different species of cichlids, and the bay is at great place to enjoy them.

There is a network of hiking trails perfect for exploring the island. The trails runs around the island and are perfect to enjoy the vegetation an the great views of Lake Malawi. There are lots of different birds, for instance we spotted several Fish Eagles nesting and hunting. 

We really enjoyed our two nights here on this remote island with beautiful surroundings, memorable sunrises and sunsets, and an amazing night-sky (no light pollution out here). It is a great way to enjoy this world heritage site. 

The Norwegian based tour company we used in Tanzania (Old Explorers), wanted to do a recon trip to offer Malawi as an add-on to Tanzania.  They invited us to join them on the trip. On the way from Blantyre airport, we spent two nights in Liwonde National Park at Mvuu camp. It’s another great park to spend some time in.  Recommended! African Parks is running the park and at the time we were there they were running a program to translocate 250 elephants to Kasungu national park in Malawi.

Leaving Lake Malawai we headed for Chongoni and it’s rock art sites before flying out of Lilongwe


# Randi & Svein Elias

Zoë Sheng

Chinese-Canadian - 01-Feb-19 -

Lake Malawi by Zoë Sheng

Lake Malawi was on my safari tour so I visited this without gunning for a WHS “tick” before I started travelling more frequently. The lodges at the shore are nice but shockingly poor villages surround the luxury. After arriving I asked about scuba diving and we arranged it for the next day. The same evening I went out on a lovely modern catamaran to see the rockfish. This is one of the main criteria of the OUV and I have to say that is worth it alone (I hate the outstanding beauty criteria). The your leta you feed them which is a bit controversial, with the guide grabbing them in his palm and letting you try the same...okay anyway you must do the sunset trip. The next day I went diving with a lovely instructor form the US who is basically doing charity. That means diving is cheap and especially the courses as most of the fees go to PADI. I would definitely do a course here if you want to save a lot of money. As for the two dives, the main attraction are the catfish drawing circles into the seabed. If you are lucky you see one performing the dance else you will most definitely find the rings as well as the catfish itself. Towards the end of the dive we cleaned up fishing nets which are a big problem here. That and from what I read there are oil reserves below the lake.

Definitely worth the trip!

Joseph Colletti

USA - 04-Sep-14 -

Supposedly, one of the first Europeans to see Lake Malawi, a Portuguese trader, said it was more like the sea and you can't argue with him when you view the lake from Cape McClear.

Getting to the UNESCO designated area of the lake is a little inconvenient. The crowded "scheduled" (i.e. when they are much more than full) buses or matolas, from various towns and villages only go to Monkey Bay, which is a spread out, bustling stretch of small wood shacks housing a variety of businesses and brick huts. Like most of Malawi, people are constantly on the move, mostly on foot or on bike. I didn't fine it very inviting.

Then you have to take some other form of transportation (taxi, pick up truck, motorbike taxi)for the additional 18 km to the Cape along a partially paved, mostly bumpy, dusty, dirt road that passes through some stunning African hillsides before you catch a glimpse of the lake. That takes about 45 minutes. Or, if time and comfort are important, (not knocking them) you can hire a car and driver from your jumping off place and cut down the travel time by more than half in some cases. (Four hours from Blantyre vs. ten or so by the matolas.)

There are several lodges at various prices at the Cape and they work together in a sort of cooperative so all the local merchants share the wealth. A person can actually sit on the lake shore and not be endlessly approached by "beach boys" offering to sell beads, rope necklaces and bracelets, wood carvings and similar items. However, the lodges are in the middle of a village, many of whose inhabitants are fishermen, so those who disdain sterile resorts, cut off from the real world of Africa, need not worry. It was a pleasure to hear groups of children laughing and singing throughout the day.(Schools were closed for vacation.)

The waters of the lake itself are crystal clear and I was told much work has gone into keeping it that way, though I only saw children from the village swimming off the beach. A staff member at the lodge assured me, however, it was safe to do so and the parasites are no longer a problem.

It is quite easy to arrange snorkeling trips out on the lake (with a minimum of hard sell tactics) for $40 dollars and upwards depending on where you want to go. A boat will take you out to see the beautiful variety of fish that gather in the rocks just off the nearby islands as well as Otter Point at the far end of the park. (That was my favorite spot.) Most of the trips include a lunch prepared by the boatmen, featuring fresh lake fish and local vegetables. It's a great way to spend a couple of hours. Or you can rest in the shade with a beer.

I'm not a biologist so I will have to take it on faith that the biological richness of the lake, and the unique nature of the species than inhabit it, merit world heritage designation.

Other than that, how much time you want to spend at the lake depends on your tolerance for laid back inactivity vs. nothing to do. I spend two days at the lake and that was enough for me; others may want to hang out longer as the sunsets and starry nights are quite lovely.

There is some talk that the government wants to allow developers to build a five star luxury resort just outside the national park boundary and the villagers are afraid they will be displaced and the still mostly unspoiled balance between village and tourist lodges destroyed.

There are several other points on the lake (it takes up most of Malawi) outside the UNESCO designated area that are easier to get to from the capital Lilongwe and other nearby towns. These may be more "exciting" to some, with more in the way of entertainment, as the "in spots" along the huge lake tend to change every couple of years (most of the lodge staff agreed that Senga Bay is currently the destination spot on the lake, but I only had time to visit Cape McClear.


Uk - 22-Jul-14 -

Beautiful. Definitely recommend going with some guidance from a local. Have to be careful where you swim due to parasites. Went out in a boat to an island where we could see lots of small colourful fish and jump off a rock into the lake. An amazing day!

Site Info

Full Name
Lake Malawi National Park
Unesco ID
7 9 10
Natural landscape - Rivers, Wetlands and Lakes

Site History

1984 Inscribed


The site has 1 locations

Lake Malawi


The site has

Human Activity
Individual People
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process