Würzburg Residence

Würzburg Residence
Photo by Christoph.

The Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square represents a highlight in 18th-century Baroque palace architecture.

Two successive Prince-Bishops of the Würzburg ecclesiastical principality hired prominent international architects (from Vienna, Venice, Paris), painters, sculptors, and stucco workers to create a splendid residence with 300 rooms. The ceiling over the broad staircase, the walls of the Imperial Hall and the church altar are decorated with frescoes made by the Venetian master Tiepolo.

Community Perspective: A must-visit for its Tiepolo frescoes, but there is also the route around the palace “with the usual array of ornate bedchambers, wardrobes and halls”. Caspar and Jay have described what you may expect from the guided tour.

Map of Würzburg Residence

Load map

Community Reviews

Write a review


Poland - 21-May-24 -

During my visit to Wurzburg, I couldn't miss the Residence. It is definitely impressive, especially from the inside. What's even more impressive than the building itself, is the fact that it was almost completely destroyed as a result of the British bombing during the World War Two and rebuilt after that. The building used to be the residence of Wurzburg bishops and now is open for the public and it is one of the best example of the Baroque palaces in Europe. The gardens also look great, but after seeing the interior, they don't impress that much, but they are worth visiting anyway.

Jay T

USA - 01-Apr-20 -

Würzburg Residence by Jay T

In these days of social distancing and stay-at-home orders, what better World Heritage Site could there be to review than one whose Outstanding Universal Value is best appreciated from the inside: the Würzburg Residence (with the Court Gardens and Residence Square). So why do I attach a picture of the outside of the residence if the interior is superior to the exterior? Unfortunately, the Würzburg Residence is one of the World Heritage Sites that does not allow for interior photography, ostensibly because it hinders group tours.

Nevertheless, I do recommend a visit to the palace to see the interior, for the architecture and frescoes are marvelous. The Würzburg Residence was designed by German architect Balthasar Neumann and constructed in Baroque style during the 18th century. I appreciated my first glimpse of the house during my wait for the tour to begin in Neumann's fantastic Garden Hall on the ground floor when I visited in March of 2019. The tour continued to the grand staircase, meant to impress all visitors to the residence and topped with master artist Giovanni Tiepolo's magnificent Apollo and the Four Continents on the ceiling, apparently the largest fresco in the world. I really liked this work, and was amused at Tiepolo's interpretation of America, which remained largely unknown to him.

I would gladly have spent more time studying the fresco, but the tour continued through the first floor to the other two main highlights of the house: the Imperial Hall (or Kaisersaal) and the White Hall. The Imperial Hall was domed and ornately decorated, with marble columns, gilded and stuccoed walls and ceilings, chandeliers, and windows overlooking the gardens. On the walls were two more frescoes painted by Tiepolo, representing significant moments in Franconian history. Immediately adjacent the Imperial Hall was the White Hall, an audience chamber resplendent in stucco and covered in a beautiful parquet floor. Of the other rooms on the first floor, the only one I distinctly remember was the Venetian room, since I enjoyed the scenes of the city. At the end of the tour, I also appreciated the visit to the Hofkirche, richly designed by Neumann, and including altars painted by Tiepolo.

The Würzburg Residence is definitely worth a visit when in central Germany, but I'd also recommend a tour of the city itself, to include the Marienberg Fortress and Alte Mainbrücke, the historic bridge over the Main River. At one end of the bridge is a restaurant where I had one of my favorite meals in Germany, a pleasant memory as I spend time at home.

Logistics: The Würzburg Residence has a car park in the Residence Square at the front of the palace, and runs guided tours of the interior throughout the day.

Caspar Dechmann

Switzerland - 27-Jun-18 -

Würzburg Residence by Caspar Dechmann

I visited this palace in August 2011. Obviously it was forbidden to take pictures since I have only one picture of the famous staircase. While this residence does not rival other European palaces in size it is remarkable in several ways: it was built by a prince-bishop who was the sovereign over a small country. It was built by the greatest artists of the Rococo among them Balthasar Neumann and Tiepolo and it contains three of the most beautiful palatial rooms I have ever seen, in taste and refinement hardly rivaled by its greatest competitors. While baroque style often overwhelms me by its weight this rococo palace seems light and airy.

When you walk up to the Beletage you pass the enormous staircase with the largest fresco in the world painted by the Tiepolo. It is a over-the-top apotheosis of the bishop and each side of the ceiling shows one of the four then known continents. It is very entertaining to study them and see what was considered typical for each continents at the time. It is full of exotic animals and shows even native Americans who practice cannibalism! If I remember correctly our guide said that the four continents should signify the "global" power and influence of the prince-bishop. The latter is also protrayed and with him Tiepolo, Neumann and other artists. The first room on the second floor is the "White Room" which is quite monochromatic and all over decorated by stucco by Antonio Bossi, a real genius, till then unkown to me. While generally stucco is for my quickly over-the-top, this is highly original and tasteful. He built this room in an extremely short time for a visit of emperess Maria-Theresia. Supposedly she didn't even look up and soon after that the artist turned crazy. The next room, the "Kaisersaal" is richer and more colourful but equally amazing: It is quite bright through the additional typical rococo round windows under the ceiling. It is full of paintings and statues glorifying the history of the prince-bishops, much of it by Tiepolo and Bossi. What I found most fascinating is how they connected painting, statues and decoration. Sometimes you have putti sitting on a cornice and it takes you a while to figure out that the upper body is painted on the wall but the legs are sculpted. Here you can easily spend half an hour or more if you are interested in the history represented and the art applied. The rest of the palace contains many more splendid rooms including the original oval room on the ground floor and the mirror room but none stuck in my memory like the three above.

When we were there the church interior was completely covered by renovation work. Judging from pictures it offers another fascinating mixture of sumptuous decoration with spacial elegance. We didn't see the gardens probably for time reasons. I would love to go back and re-examine my impression and see the missed parts. If you are in Würzburg and have time and palace capacity there is a few kilometers northwest of Würzburg the summer residence of the prince-bishops in Veitshöchheim. While the palace is much simpler then the Würzburg residence the garden is quite fanciful with fountains, statues of strange animals, grottos and ruins and conserved is in its original state. I wonder if they ever considered including this into the Würzburg application.

Tom Livesey

United Kingdom - 12-Jun-16 -

I went with friends to Würzburg in May 2015, where we know a fellow studying at the city's university. The art historian Kenneth Clark visited the Residence in his landmark 1969 series Civilisation, in which he wondered how much the local people forked over in tithes and taxes in order for the bishop to build such a marvellous abode. Perhaps it was worth it, for the Residence houses one of the greatest works of the Venetian master Tiepolo (of whom more can be seen in the Doge's Palace).

There are over 300 rooms in the residence, many of them restored since destruction in World War II. All-in-all, though, we came out of the Residence feeling a little underwhelmed. We had expected something grander, I think: a more impressive fresco with the wow-factor of those in the Sistine Chapel – however unrealistic that now seems. It was impressive, of course, but not what we had hoped.

But there was more left to see. On a small sign I spotted an arrow pointing to the Residence’s Hofkirche, or Court Chapel. The work of Balthazar Neumann, this chapel really took our breath away, being impossibly ornate and riotous with colour and shape. Inside an inconspicuous wing of the Residence, Neumann took a rectangular space and transformed its interior into three overlapping ovals. Like with Gaudí, there are few straight lines. The overall effect is one of majesty, which must be so difficult to achieve in such a small space.

Michael Turtle

Australia - 05-Jan-16 -

Würzburg Residence by Michael Turtle

What is so incredible about this site is to think that it was all basically destroyed in the Second World War and then painstakingly restored to exactly how it was before (for 40 years and at a cost of 20 million euros!).

The building is enormous and everything is so grand and beautiful inside. Unfortunately you can't take photos inside, but it does give you the chance to look at everything in detail and soak it up. It takes at least an hour to walk through and see everything - even longer if you are really careful.

Make sure you don't miss the gardens at the back of the residence (which are free to get into anyway). The landscaping is wonderful and I would suggest walking right up to the top at the back to get a view of the garden with the building to see how it all fits together.

Read more from Michael Turtle here.


Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Würzburg Residence by Clyde

I visited this WHS in May 2012. This Baroque palace with its gardens is one of the largest and most beautiful in Germany. The architectural symmetry of this Bavarian palace was the highlight of my visit.


U.S.A. - 18-Jan-10 -

I have been to the Residenz many times as I used to live in Wurzburg and I visit whenever I am back in Germany. I took my family there a few weeks ago for the first time and they loved it. The staircase is an amazing piece of art and is always my main reason for visiting. It's beautiful and well worth the visit. I forgot to go into the chapel accessed from the side of the palace. Don't forget if you visit because it is also very impressive.

Klaus Freisinger

Austria - 09-Nov-09 -

Würzburg is a very pretty and easily accessible town in northern Bavaria, between Frankfurt and Nuremberg. The old town is very compact, can be conveniently explored on foot, and has several interesting buildings and a nice bridge over the Main River with many statues, resembling Charles Bridge in Prague. The highlight, of course, is the baroque residence of the prince-bishops, who, during their rather short heyday in the 18th century, commissioned many famous artists to create a palace worthy of their importance. The result is one of the most beautiful palaces in Europe - on the inside, that is, because the outside is really not that special. The staircase and the frescoes on the ceiling are especially impressive. The name of the WH site even includes the Court Gardens behind the residence, which are certainly nice to walk through, and the Residence Square in front, which is usually used as a big parking lot...

All in all a very worthy WH site, and one that is very easy to reach as well.


United States of America - 26-Aug-09 -

I visited The Residence in 2004 and unfortunately they were revamping the paintings on the ceiling so I didn't get to see the real beauty of it but did love the rest of the tour.I enjoyed the city so very much that I returned back the following September and spent more time there. I loved walking around Wurzburg, my hotel was a skip to the walking bridge across the Main. Visited many areas of Germany when I was there but loved Wurzburg the most.


USA - 10-May-08 -

This is worth seeing...as it was winter when I visited the gardens were not in bloom. The inside of the Residence itself was indescribable. The paintings, the furniture, the ceilings everything was so gorgeous. The marble floors, the entryway and stairs and don't forget the room of mirrors are so breathtaking. If you have time visit and take the tour. Michelle

Joyce van Soest

The Netherlands - 29-Jul-06 -

Würzburg Residence by Joyce

This grand building is definitely worth a visit. On the outside it might not look very special, but the inside sure is. When you walk up the stairs you will see huge paintings on the ceiling; what makes the paintings stand out is that they have lots of depth. Also in some places the ornaments that are part of the ceiling and walls blend right into the paintings themselves. In other rooms there are crazy ornaments on the wall up to the ceiling. In the "green room" with a wonderful wooden floor there’s lots of mirrors from where you can see each other from different points of view (ask the guide in the room about it). Finish your visit with a nice stroll through the gardens, and while you’re there, visit the town of Würzburg since it’s quite a pretty town.

Frederik Dawson

Netherlands - 18-Jun-06 -

Würzburg Residence by Frederik Dawson

Franconia is always my favorite area in Germany and Würzburg is one of my many favorite cities in this region. The city itself is very nice with many beautiful old buildings and the Marienburg fortress on the hill can easily capture your imagination of romantic Germany – actually Würzburg is a starting point of the famous “Romantische Strasse”. However romantic can not save this city from the war, the city was almost completely destroyed during the WWII including the WHS in this city, the Residenz.

Würzburg residenz is considered as a masterpiece of baroque palace designed by Balthasar Neumann and built by yellow sandstone making this palace glows like a shinning moon in the dusk. In my opinion it seems that the late evening is the best time to enjoy the magnificent feeling of this palace. The Residenz and its square are huge compared to other places in the town making the Residenz look more striking. The garden is also marvelous with many lovely flowers and statues.

However, the palace’s inside gives the feeling of mix. The grand staircase is truly gorgeous with the fresco masterpiece by Tiepolo, Court chapel is just amazing, the green room is worth for special noticed, and about 10 lovely rooms of baroque and rococo styles which can be seen in many German baroque palaces like Schönbrunn or Sanssouci. After seeing of those mentioned, the palace becomes a long series of empty rooms with displays some ridiculous amount of fine art (OK the exhibition about Würzburg city after the war and its restoration work is quite interesting). I expected German or Bavarian government to restore the whole building to its former glory for both outside and inside, but my idea is not true. It is not surprised that I spend only 40 minutes to explore this big palace! (What’s a record) and not much tourists as I expected (I saw many tourist buses but they only come to see the exterior and garden – they are wise).

It’s really hard to conclude my idea about this place, the exterior and the garden is truly great, some part of interior are very good, but the less of palace are unconvincing for the WHS status.


UK - 03-Apr-06 -

Würzburg Residence by Solivagant

I know of no other UNESCO “Evaluation” which is so peremptory in its conclusion as that for this palace:- “The inclusion of the Wurzburg Residence on the World Heritage List constitutes a measure, which is so clearly desirable that the proposal of the Federal Republic of Germany does not require lengthly (sic) justification.”. So that’s that then….!

The WHS list isn’t short of “Baroque Palaces” but this is a great example of its type and, whether you like “Baroque” or not, should be seen by all “WHS enthusiasts” - if only for the giant Tiepolo frescoes.

Ian Cade

UK - 01-May-05 -

Würzburg Residence by Ian Cade

My enthusiasm for Palaces is very low, however the main staircase of the Residence is well worth the effort to see. It is one of the finest pieces of Baroque art anywhere, and the work of two of the periods leading talents: Neumann and Tiepolo. The ceiling fresco is magnificent and is reputedly the largest in the world. You are not actually allowed to take any photos inside, but I did manage to take a few sneaky ones. The decoration is on a much larger scale than the palace at Brühl, also by Neumann and also a WHS, but it is somehow a little more restrained, if you can use that term to describe Baroque.

In the other rooms there are some impressive restorations going on and you do get a good idea of how the process takes place, especially interesting is the display on restoration after the damage brought by Second World War. After this it seems to be the usual route around the usual array of ornate bedchambers, wardrobes and halls, very impressive, just not my favourite things.

The gardens were well laid out and free to enter, and worth exploring. As Frederik has said below the Court Chapel is amazing, well worth heading into even if you don’t go into the Palace itself, the paintings here are also by Tiepolo.

The town of Würzburg is well worth some time on its own, with some lovely churches, an impressive bridge lined with Baroque statues a-la Charles Bridge in Prague and an impressive fortress, on the vineyard lined hill on the opposite bank of the river. The Youth Hostel offers lovely views of this in the morning. It is seems to be a bit of a train hub for Northern Bavaria, so should be very easy to get to.

Würzburg is well worth a visit the Residence is a very worthy inclusion and the staircase is a masterpiece of Western European art.

Site Info

Full Name
Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
Unesco ID
1 4
Structure - Palace

Site History

1981 Inscribed


The site has 2 locations

Würzburg Residence: Residenz
Würzburg Residence: Rosenbach Park


The site has

Art and Architecture
Human Activity
Individual People
Science and Technology
Visiting conditions
WHS Hotspots


Community Members have visited.

4matcha A. Mehmet Haksever A.thum AT8 AYB Adrian Lakomy Adrian Turtschi Ah2409 Airpunk Alberto Peterle Alessandro Votta Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Ali Zingstra Allison Vies Allnamesused Amandaea129 Ana Lozano Andrea & Uwe Zimmermann Andreas Thum AndreasThum Andrew Wembridge AndyMesa AniaCh Anna Wludarska Anthonybonbon Anthonynice Argo Ari Kailash Arjan Aspasia Assif Atila Ege Austra78 Baudy-Floc h Bazikoln Bdella Bernard Joseph Esposo Guerrero Bill Maurmann Bin Bob pateman Brendan Carroll Brigitte Huber Butterflybird C82wc1 CHJLondon Can SARICA Carstenhansen Caspar Dechmann Catchant Cgrannem ChenMing Chenqtao Cheryl CherylKla Chole Ross Christer Sundberg Christian Ochse Christian Wagner Christoph Christravelblog Claire Bradshaw ClaireWhiteley Clark Kuhling Cluckily Clyde Cobaltrage Colossus Corinne Vail Craig Harder Cristina Erba Ctravel CugelVance Cumulus DMORMAR Dachangjin3 Dagmara Daniel C-Hazard Daniel Gabi Daniela Hohmann David Berlanda DavidS Dhhtravel Dibro Dimitar Krastev Dimitrios Polychronopoulos Dirk-pieter Donald M Parrish Jr Dorejd DouglasR Drazsika Duesi73 Dutchbirder Echwel Einziger Elaine McArdle Elida Els Slots Eric Lorentz Erik Jelinek Errol Neo Eva Kisgyorgy FK FS Fabi-ddorf Fabian Teusch Fan Yibo Farinelli Federico P. Feldhase Femke Roos Filip Murlak Filippo Ubaldi Fmannucci Fool79 Frederik Dawson Fuaron G.L. Ingraham Gary Arndt Geert Luiken George Evangelou George Gdanski GeorgeIng61 Gernot Gi Giannis75 Gisella Grendel Gongan Hadrianus Handballrama Harald T. Harry Mitsidis Houqian Howard Howard Brayer Hubert I&W Rohde Iain Jackson Ian Cade If-pilot Irena Klementov Isabellemarais Ivan Ivan Rucek J. Stevens Jakob Frenzel Jan Zimmermann Jan-Willem Jancidobso Janina Lehmann Janis Janklak Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jaroslav Klement Jason and Corrinna Jay T Jaysutton79 Jean Lecaillon Jeankedezeehond Jens Jesse S 2010 Jessica Rademacher Jezza JoStof Joachim Nölte-Baumann JobStopar Joel on the Road John booth Jon Bauer Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jos Schmitz Jose Antonio Collar Josef Mikus Joyce van Soest Jsalda Judit Dalla Judith Tanner Junwang111 Juropa Jörg B. Kai Thorben KarenBMoore Kasia M. Kasienka5 Kbecq KeithBailey Kelly Henry Khuft Kjlchiang Klaus Freisinger Knut Kokoro Krafal_74 Krisztina zill Ktisgodzilla Kurt Lauer LaVale Lara Adler Leafar98 Leontine Helleman Lichia Lidiane Lisu Marian Ljowers Loic Pedras Lois Dekker Londonium Lorenzo Mejino Lubos Lier Lucio Gorla Ludvan Luis Filipe Gaspar MH MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Mademmer Mahuhe Majkl20 Malcolm Turner Malgorzata Kopczynska Marcel staron Marcobrey Marianna Marie Morlon Markus Martina Rúčková Marty MaxHeAnouBen Małgosia Łupicka Mbeese Melinda Baumann Mibive Michael Mett Michael Turtle Michaelsballard Michal Marciniak Michiel Dekker Mikael Bjork Mikita M Mikko Mikko Syrjä Milan Jirasek Mirjam L. Missvaro Mnikish730 Mohboh Monika and Rini Mozzer76 Naim Y Nan NataliaS Natlefebvre@hotmail. Nicole Kilian Nihal Ege Nils Kronenberg Ninifishes NoahFranc NonDuality Oliver.pluemper OnlyTheSnake Opperpco3 PJ PabloNorte Pang Liang Fong Patphilly Patricia Schiller Patrik Patrik_globe Paul Schofield Peter Alleblas Peter Lööv PeterH Peterbanks Petteri Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Polyommatus_icarus Potsdamer Purrfect Q Ralf Regele Ralf Rotheimer Randi Thomsen Raphael Ray matlock Reisedachs Remigiusz Reza Rickard Alfredsson Riomussafer Robin Frank Roger Ourset Roman Bruehwiler Roman Koeln Roman Raab Ronbon Rswood Rudegirl S.camel SGPIUnesco SHIHE HUANG Sabrina Liebehentschel Sascha Grabow Sazanami Schnitzel Sebasfhb Sergio Arjona Shandos Cleaver Shijie ZHU Shoaibmnagi Sinan Skalec Smeets Peter SoeKoh Solivagant Stanislaw Warwas Stefan A. Michelfeit Stefan and Mia Stewart Findlay Stijn Sun_jianyuan@me.com Svein Elias Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tammy Gouldstone Tasmith87 Tevity The Salmons TheDarlingLife Therabidcow Thibault Magnien Thijs van den Berg Thomas Buechler Thomas Harold Watson Thomas van der Walt Thorben Tino A Offner Tom Livesey Tommy W Tony Hunt Topaas Travel Addicts TravelPeter84 Tsunami Uellendahl UncleSlavi Usagi1974 VLabhard Van Hung Vanessa Buechler Veronica Viktor_balandin Vlad Lesnikov Vladimir WalGra Walter Walter H. Wang Qin Werner Huber Westwards Willem van Altena Wkuhnel Wojciech Fedoruk Wolfgang Hlousa Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Worldstuwim Wtrentfox Xiquinho Silva YY Yang Chengyu YaroMir Yevhen Ivanovych Zhenjun Liu Zos M Zoë Sheng Zsuzsanna Forray