Built in the 18th century

WHS whose OUV derives entirely or significantly from 18th century constructions.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Al Zubarah Al Zubarah appears to have been founded in the 18th century (AB ev)
Antigua Naval Dockyard In 1743 the British navy began to build a major dockyard facility (AB ev)
Blenheim Palace The palace was built between 1705 and 1722
Bordeaux Major monuments date from the 1730s onwards
Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust The palaces were built at the beginning of the 18th century
Christiansfeld founded in 1773
City of Bath For its Georgian buildings and heyday as a fashionable spa town - "The Assembly Rooms, built in 1771 by John Wood, Jr. and the Pump Room from 1793 to 1799 by Palmer in accordance with the plans Thomas Baldwin) harmonize with the grandiose proportions Assembly built of of monumental ensembles such as Queen Square (1729) and the -Royal Circus (1754), both works of John Wood Sr.; and especially, the Royal Crescent, an extensive row of dwellings in a half-circle formation built from 1767 to 1776 by John Wood" (AB)
Classical Weimar Goethe's House (1709), Schiller's House (1777), Duchess Amalia Library (converted in 1766). Also - "It was during the lifetime of Duchess Anna Amalia (1739-1809) that its Classical period began."
Congonhas built 1776-1805
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape Between 1700 and 1814, the industrialisation of non-ferrous mining in Cornwall and West Devon transformed the landscape and the structure of society (AB ev)
Derwent Valley Mills 1771
Diamantina "The town of Diamantina .... developed in the 18th century.......the discovery in 1720 of an unsuspected source of wealth, diamonds.....(When) the Portuguese Crown discovered the existence of this source of wealth in 1731, it set up a new body to administer the region, the Demarcação Diamantina.... Two sets of 18th century plans show a layout of winding and uneven streets which have changed little since that time." (AB)
Drottningholm "best example of a royal residence built in the 18th century in Sweden and is representative of all European architecture of that period" (AB evaluation)
Edinburgh New Town - The New Town was an 18th century solution to the problem of an increasingly crowded Old Town. In 1766 a competition to design the New Town was held.
Eisinga Planetarium "Built between 1774 and 1781" (AB ev)
Engelsberg Ironworks The main "Manor House" building was constructed around 1750 and the Smelting House in 1778-9. Most of the other buildings date through the 19th century to 1917-18
Fertö/Neusiedlersee Széchenyi Palace (was) ".initially built in the mid-18th century on the site of a former manor house" The Baroque palace garden was originated in the 17th century. In the late 18th century an English-style landscape garden was laid out.. Fertod Esterhazy Palace .. was the most important 18th-century palace of Hungary, built on the model of Versailles. ..To the south is an enormous French Baroque garden that has been changed several times, the present layout being essentially that of 1762." (AB)
Fortress of Suomenlinna The Swedish crown commenced the construction of the fortress in 1748 as protection against Russian expansionism
Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda All built in the mid-18th century
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz "It was created in the late 18th century" (wiki)
Goias In 1748, Goi?s was chosen as the headquarters of a new sub-district. Amongst the first constructions was the Casa de Fundi??o (1750) for the control of gold, the governor?s palace (1751), and the military barracks (1751).
Great Spa Towns of Europe the international European spa culture that developed from the early 18th century to the 1930s
Guanajuato The town was founded in 1548 following the discovery of Silver. Its period of greatest wealth was 18C when its output of silver was alone of a size to "impact the World's economy" (Wiki). The La Valencia mine, opened in 1774, was producing 2.3rds of he world's silver at its peak. Much of the city centre, University etc are 18C creations
Holasovice The buildings date from the 18th to 20th century, including the chapel of St. John of Nepomuk in the city centre (1755) (Wiki)
Holy Trinity Column built in 1716?1754
Hwaseong Fortress 1796
Independence Hall 1732 - 1753
Ironbridge Gorge The Coalbrookdale blast furnace perpetuates in situ the creative effort of Abraham Darby I who discovered coke iron in 1709. It is a masterpiece of man's creative genius in the same way as the Iron Bridge, which is the first known metal bridge. It was built in 1779 (AB ev)
Island of Gorée Maison des esclaves (1780)
Itchan Kala Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (1701), Djuma Mosque (largely rebuilt in 1788-89)
Jaipur City, Rajasthan founded in 1727
Jantar Mantar 1727 - 1734
Kandy Royal Palace and the Temple of the Tooth date from the reign of Keerti Sri Rajasimha (1747-82)
Kew Gardens established in 1759
Kinderdijk surviving mills were built around 1738-1740
Kizhi Pogost Transfiguration Church (1714), Intercession Church (1764)
Kuldiga "the urban structure of the 18th century of the whole historic centre as well as the axes of the main roads are largely preserved" (AB ev)
Le Morne retreat for escaping slaves in the 18th and early 19th century
Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape Straddled 17th-19th Centuries. "The realization of this grandiose design began in the 17th centurv with the creation of avenues connecting Valtice with other parts of the estate. lt continued throughout the 18th centurv with the evolution of a framework of avenues and paths providing vistas and rides, imposing order on nature in the manner of the Renaissance artists and architects. The early years of the 19th century saw the application by Duke Jan Josef 1 of the English concept of the designed park" (AB)
León Cathedral From 1747 on
Mafra Construction started in 1717 and was mostly complete by 1730 (AB ev)
Margravial Opera House 1745-150
Medina of Essaouira late-18th-century
Monticello Monticello (1769?1809)
Mountain Resort, Chengde Built between 1703 and 1792
Nancy The project was carried out from 1752 to 1756
New Lanark founded in 1786
Nice From the middle of the 18th century, the mild climate and picturesque setting of Nice attracted an increasing number of aristocratic and upper class families (AB ev)
Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin coal extraction from the 18th to the 20th centuries (AB ev)
Old City of Acre Ottoman walled town: "flourished again in the 18th century as the capital of this part of the Ottoman Empire"
Old Rauma Old city was destroyed by fire in the late 17th century. The current city was built in the 18th, including its major monument City Hall
Old Town Lunenburg founded in 1753
Olinda essential urban fabric of Olinda dates from the 18th century
Ouro Preto Founded in the last years of the 17th century als Villa Rica, its wealth and landmark buildings date from the 18th century
Petäjävesi Old Church The church was built between 1763 and 1765
Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk 1721
Pilgrimage Church of Wies Constructed between 1745 and 1754
Potsdam Sanssouci (1745 ? 1747)
Royal Palace at Caserta Constructed between 1752 and 1780
Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans Constructed from 1775 to 1779
San Antonio Missions Mission Valero (now called Alamo) is the oldest, dating from 1718
San Miguel de Allende San Miguel was .."first established in the 16th century to protect the Royal Route inland,(and) reached its apogee in the 18th century when many of its outstanding religious and civic buildings were built in the style of the Mexican Baroque ...The urbanization of the Bajío was a phenomenon of the 18th century not repeated in other regions of New Spain ..Between 1730 and 1760 the power and control spaces of the village were moved from the ancient Soledad plaza to the plaza that had harboured the parish temple since the 16th century". The Sanctuary of Atoninalco was built in 18C.
Schönbrunn Originally built between 1692 and 1713, later additions include the Gloriette (1775)
Sheki the current historic town of Sheki’s oldest structures date to the year 1772 (AB ev)
St. Petersburg "the result of a vast urban project begun in 1703 under Peter the Great"
Studley Royal Park Studley Royal Park: Between 1718 and the end of the century John and William Aislabie created "what is arguably England's most important 18th century Water Garden." (Wiki) The 16th century house, rebuilt in Palladian, style was burnt down in 1946 leaving just the gardens
Summer Palace "During the reigns of the Qing Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong (1663-1795) several imperial gardens were created around Beijing, the last of them being the Summer Palace, based on the Hill of Longevity and Kunming Lake in the north-western suburbs of the city.... Between 1750 and 1764 Emperor Qianlong created the Garden of Clear Ripples, extending the area of the lake" (AB)
The Prosecco Hills The earliest documentation concerning the cultivation of the Glera grape variety in the Veneto region dates back to 1754. (AB ev)
The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales From the end of the 18th century and throughout the 19th century, capital investment and the strategic access to the bay of Liverpool in the north and the Irish Sea in the west enabled the expansion of Welsh slate production and export to England, Ireland, and France. (AB ev)
The trulli of Alberobello Trulli Sovrano (most impressive trulli) dates from the 18th century. Construction of others had already started in the 16th century
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios "Towards the end of the 18th century, the sugar industry was firmly established in the Valle de los Ingenios" and "present city owes its charm to its 18th and 19th century buildings" (AB ev)
Turaif Quarter "The site illustrates a significant highpoint of settlement in the central Arabian plateau in a desert environment when in the mid-18th century the town of ad-Dir'iyah became the capital of an independent state" (Crit V justif). "Founded in 15C ...its development reached an initial apogee in the 16th century.. In the 18C and early 19C,..it became the centre of the temporal power of the House of Saud... In the 18C successive imams ..fortified the oasis ..This was a period marked by urban development and the construction of the citadel of at-Turaif. In the second half of the 18th century and at the start of the 19C... The urban ensemble linked with the oasis was developed, particularly the Salwa palaces in the citadel of at-Turaif... The site provides a very full account of Najdi town-planning from the mid-18th century until the start of the 19C." (AB).
Vienna Baroque e.g Lower Belvedere from 1712, Upper Belvedere 1717-1723. See
Vigan The town was founded in 1572 on the site of a small pre-colonial village : "At the end of the 17th century a new form of architecture evolved, which combined the traditional construction with the techniques of building in stone and wood introduced by the Spanish...The seat of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia was transferred there in 1758, (and) in 1778, as a result of its expansion, it was renamed Ciudad Ferdinandina.... Vigan belongs to the 18th and 19th century network of Asian trading cities whose lifestyle and architecture blend Asian and western culture...It is the only enduring example of Spanish urban planning with authentic 18th, 19th and early 20th century architecture." (AB and Nom File)
Wachau Cultural Landscape From 1700 onwards, artistic and architectural monuments that are among the most important examples of Austrian Baroque were built in the Wachau. These include the rebuilding of Melk Abbey (begun in 1702), the conversion of the Canons' Abbey in D?rnstein (1715?33), and the large-scale rebuilding of G?ttweig Abbey from 1719 onwards. (AB)
Wooden Churches of Maramures Most of them (5) were built in the 18th century
Würzburg Residence 1720
Yogyakarta "The location for the Kraton and the axis was selected by the Sultan Mangkubumi in 1755" (AB ev)


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