Built or owned by British

Sites outside the current borders of Great Britain that were built or owned by British persons.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Aapravasi Ghat
Antigua Naval Dockyard
Australian Convict Sites
Bridgetown "As a colonial city, Historic Bridgetown is representative of 17th century English-influenced urban development in the Anglophone Caribbean. Bridgetown was built upon a street layout resembling early English medieval or market towns with its narrow serpentine street and alley configuration, and is unlike the colonial towns established in the Caribbean by the Spanish (in the 16th century) or the Dutch and French (in the 17th & 18th centuries) who utilized a grid pattern. (AB Eval)
Brimstone Hill Fortress
Cape Floral Region Kirstenbosch Botanical garden
Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin The main villa in the village was confiscated by the British army during WWII and used as military headquarters
Central Highlands At Horton Plains "the little cottage Farr Inn dating back to the colonial era has been transformed into an Information Centre and Museum but its colonial architecture has been preserved intact and painted in its original green colour to blend with the natural surroundings... Farr Inn was the hunting lodge of englishmen who hunted sambur, elk, deer and leopard in the whistling patanas for sport.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Corfu 1815-64 United States of the Ionian Islands (Protectorate). Numerous buildings -e.g Palace of St Michael and St Georgu
Costiera Amalfitana Villa Cimbrone in Ravello was owned and modified by Lord Grimthorpe.
Forts and Castles Gold Coast e.g Cape Coast castle was rebuilt by the British after capture from the Danes in 1664. in 1844 it became the seat of government for the British colony of the Gold Coast
Fray Bentos Originally founded and built by the German "Liebig Extract of Meat Company" in 1863. It was acquired by the UK Vestey Group in 1924 when a new plant was built extending the product range from meat extract and corned beef to frozen meat. The factory was renamed "Frigorifico Anglo del Uruguay" also known as "El Anglo". "Small brick houses with thick walls running along the river's edge in Fray Bentos form the "Barrio Anglo," a city-within-a-city where meatpacking workers lived that featured a hospital, a school, a social club and a football squad" (Wiki)
Funerary and memory sites of the First World War "After the war, several architects were called upon to rearrange the burial grounds already in existence since the war, according to models defined by four main architects: Reginald Blomfield, Edwin Lutyens, Herbert Baker and Charles Holden." and "Overall, the landscaping of Commonwealth cemeteries follows the English garden tradition, with different textures, colours, and densities." - 48 cemeteries (AB ev)
Great Spa Towns of Europe the English Church of St Lucas was built with funds donated by one of the spa's regular guests British King Edward VII (similar English churches may be seen in Baden-Baden, Františkovy Lázně, Karlovy Vary and Spa). (nom file)
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works The Humberstone works, originally called "La Palma", was run by the English company Gibbs + Co who acquired it after the War of the Pacific in which Chile obtained the nitrate area from Peru. Peru had just nationalised all the mines issuing certificates. During the war businessmen such as John Thomas North ("El Rey del Saltire") acquired these at a massive discount betting that the Chilean government (with whom they had contacts) would honour them - which they did. North then sold off the certificates on the London market to other entrepreneurs such as Gibbs.
Incense Route of the Negev Mamshit was used as a British police station during the British Mandate.
Independence Hall Built 1753 as Pennsylvania Colony State House
Island of Gorée The island was "ruled in succession by the Portuguese, Dutch, English and French". (Official description) "There were brief periods of British occupation during the various wars fought by France and Britain. The island was notably taken and occupied by the British between 1758 and 1763 following the Capture of Gorée and wider Capture of Senegal during the Seven Years' War".
Kasbah of Algiers The church of the Holy Trinity
Kilimanjaro National Park Kibo hut built 1932 by the British 'Mountain Club of East Africa'
Kunta Kinteh Island
Lamu Old Town Buildings along sea front built during British rule
Levuka represent 19th century British colonisation (AB ev)
Lushan National Park Meilu Villa built by Lord Lannoze in 1903
Matobo Hills Rhodes Memorial etc
Melaka and George Town Georgetown contains numerous Victorian buildings
Monticello First occupied in 1770 when Jefferson was still British!
Mountain Railways of India
Naples Villa Rosebery, "owned by the glamorous British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery (Liberal, 1894-1895)" (wiki)
Nice Promenade des Anglais - "the English proposed that they could work on the construction of a walkway (chemin de promenade) along the sea. It was funded by the Reverend Lewis Way and members of Holy Trinity Anglican Church." (wiki)
Old City of Acre The Citadel was used as a prison (and place of execution) by the British during the Mandate.
Old City of Jerusalem Christ Church at Jaffa Gate
Old Town Lunenburg
Old Town of Galle The British didn't leave the Dutch area untouched during their period of rule. In particular a. "There are two entries into the fort, the Main Gate, built by the British in 1873 which pierces the main ramparts between the Sun and Moon Bastions, and the more venerable Old Gate, further to the east on Baladaksha Maw (or Customs Road). The latter is distinguished by the British coat of arms carved into its outer stone lintel" b. "The northern part of the fort is dominated by the British-built Clock Tower" c. "Further south along Church Street stands the Catholic All Saints Church, built by the British in 1868 and consecrated in 1871"
Paramaribo Fort Zeelandia was founded in 1651 by the British, and named Fort Willoughby
Phoenix Islands Were part of the British "Gilbert + Ellis Islands. The atoll of "Orona was leased in 1916 to a Captain Allen of the "Samoan Shipping and Trading Company", and became a copra plantation. Allen's lease was bought out by the British government in 1938." (Wiki)
Québec Much of the Citadel is of British construction "The Citadelle of Québec is the most important fortification built in Canada under British rules. It was .. built under the supervision of Lieutenant-colonel Elias Walker Durnford. The construction of the outer walls began in 1820 and it took 30 years to finish its construction." and (Wiki) "The existing star-shaped fortifications were built by the United Kingdom between 1820 and 1831 under the direction of Lieutenant Colonel Elias Walker Durnford of the Royal Engineers, and incorporated a section of the French "enceinte" of 1745. Their purpose was to secure the strategic heights of Cape Diamond against the Americans"
Red Fort contains many British military buildings
Rideau Canal Lieutenant Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers Corp was appointed by the British Government to supervise the construction of the canal in 1826 (AB ev)
Robben Island Lighthouse etc
Royal Exhibition Building
Saint-Emilion "When Eleanor of Aquitaine married Henry Plantagenet (later Henry II of England), the town of Saint-Emilion, by then fortified, became part of the English kingdom, along with all Guyenne. King John granted the town full liberties in 1199." (AB ev)
Singapore Botanic Gardens colonial government
Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution Glover House and Garden
St. George, Bermuda
Stone Town of Zanzibar Livingstone House, Anglican Cathedral, National Museum and High Court etc
Valletta Various buildings/defense installations
Valparaiso Cerro Alegre and Cerro Concepción, a single neighbourhood planned and developed to a large extent by German and English immigrants, with squares, viewing points, promenades, alleyways, stairways and the top stations of some of Valparaíso’s distinctive funicular elevators. (Unesco)
Victoria Falls Victoria Falls bridge - The railway was built and owned by the British South Africa Company. The bridge was designed and constructed in UK before being shipped out via Beira and opened in 1905
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai During the British colonial period
White City of Tel-Aviv Built to British Town plan


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Built or owned by British?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source