Val d'Orcia

Val d'Orcia
Photo by Els Slots.

The Val d'Orcia is a cultural landscape from the Renaissance comprising an aesthetically pleasing combination of farmlands and fortified villages on hilltops.

The landscape as it unfolds nowadays was created as an investment by wealthy Siennese merchants in the 14th and 15th centuries. The farmers cultivated mainly grains, vines and olives, and had to share part of their revenue with the merchants as rent. The beauty of the area inspired Renaissance painters and early travellers on the Grand Tour alike.

Community Perspective: It’s quintessentially Tuscan, with hills, olive trees and rows of cypresses. It’s best to just drive around and take it all in. A few reviewers have named highlights such as Bagno Vignoni (Tsunami), the Cipressi di San Quirico d'Orcia (Frederik), and the Romanesque Abbey of S Antimo (Matejicek).

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Community Reviews

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Alex Goh

Malaysia - 01-Apr-23 -

Val d'Orcia by Alex Goh

We visited the Val d’Orcia region as part of our 40th wedding anniversary Italy heritage hunting adventure. I consider this a WHS within a WHS as we planned to hit Val d’Orcia together with Pienza. Started our visit at Montepulciano and after considering various transport options (including renting an electric bicycle to walking) decided to take a cab instead. The journey of about 10km took us through the Val d’Orcia region and I caught the signage that is a ‘must stop’ for us heritage hunters. Hope this is helpful as the Val d’Orcia region is huge and will take time to walk and get to feel of this beautiful part of Tuscany! This inscription signage is roughly halfway between Montepulciano and Pienza! Look out for it! For the rest of our 25 WHS ……here’s a compilation for viewing pleasure…..(see link)

Read more from Alex Goh here.

James Bowyer

United Kingdom - 23-Dec-22 -

Val d'Orcia by James Bowyer

Can I tick off this site? A philosophical question I’m sure every World Heritage traveller has asked themselves at some point. For myself and Val d’Orcia, I would say technically yes although with some heavy asterisks. On a coach tour from Rome, we first stopped in Montepulciano, which is outside the core zone but offers a view of the idyllic Tuscan countryside. Well, it should but it was foggy when I visited so no luck there. From there we went to lunch, again outside the inscribed area, and finally to Pienza. The drive there certainly passed through Val d’Orcia and there were some good views from the coach (see picture attached) but I would always prefer to set foot in the site where possible. Finally, we had 30 minutes to explore Pienza at our own pace, which in my case was fast to see as much as possible. The fog had cleared so there were views of the countryside aplenty and just being in Pienza is a double tick. That being said, wandering around Pienza gives a good sense of why Pienza is inscribed but less so Val d’Orcia. Can I claim to have appreciated a site based on seeing it from afar, be it in a coach or from a hilltop vista? I don’t really think so and I would certainly like to return one day to visit San Quirico d’ Orcia, Montalcino, and the rest. The problem is there is just too much to see and do in Italy I fear it may be years before I can justify coming back to the same spot.


Czechia - 19-Oct-19 -

Val d'Orcia by Matejicek

I visited this cultural landscape at least three-times during last ten years. As usually for cultural landscapes, it is quite difficult to recognize its OUV - actually, I need to read the ICOMOS evaluation report three-times to understand at least partly... The weirdest point is that the OUV of Val d`Orcia is expressed by another separate WHS - Pienza and by TWHS via Francigena. If I ingnore these political and rather artificial issues, I must say that I really enjoyed all my contacts with this site. Mostly, I simply crossed it by car or bus. I think that in this case it is OK, and one can recognize the qualities of the site even during the car tourism. The landscape is picturesque and different if compared with the neighbours such as Lazio. Hovewer, it has similar aspects as other landscapes in Tuscany and Umbria (La Crete between Siena and Asciano, Chianty etc.)

The sites that I explored by "getting out of the car" were Pienza (separate WHS with my review), Abbey of S Antimo with beautiful romanesque church and wonderful landscape around (PHOTO), and Bagni San Filippo (outdoor thermal baths!!!). I also enjoyed views towards Val d`Orcia from Montepulciano.

Even if it requires some effort to recognize and understand its qualities, it deserves the WHS status.


Germany - 05-Apr-18 -

Val d'Orcia by Nan

Coming in a few weeks later than Fredrik I faced neither snow nor cold. And at least in the morning when I departed from San Quirico the weather was great for a hike. I followed the historic Via Francigena from San Quirico to Bagno Vignoni with a stop at Vignoni and got great views of Ripa d'Orcia and Rocca d'Orcia. San Quirico itself is nice with it's cobble stone streets.

Only after I had left Bagno Vignoni and found myself stuck half way between Bagno Vignoni and Pienza with no village or shelter in between, did I notice the dark clouds forming to the North. They made for an excellent backdrop for my pictures. But after checking the wind direction, I knew what was coming my way. The plain Tuscan landscape may seem picturesque if the sun is shining. With heavy rains pouring down and me looking anxiously for any form of cover, some less barrenness would have helped. Lucky me, it wasn't that cold and my pants dried quickly when the clouds had passed.

The hike itself was really nice, disregarding the frequent times I had to walk on the road. I got to see both the rather mountaineous side of the Val d'Orcia as well as the more hilly parts around Pienza. The area offers plenty more hiking opportunities and I really feel that this is the best way to experience it.

The frequent complaint brought forward by community members is that site is redundant with Pienza already inscribed previously. While I agree that this should be one site, not two, I feel that the Val d'Orcia inscription is the worthier one. It's such a great landscape with castles and towns dotting it. To me Pienza is just a special one of those.

Getting There

Arriving on the weekend (Saturday) my transport options were fairly limited. I settled on an early morning bus from Siena / Buonconvento to San Quirico and hiked from there via Bagno Vignoni to Pienza.

From Pienza I took a bus to Montepulciano, then another bus to Chiusi, and a third bus to Perugia where I stayed for the night on my way to Assisi.


Italians seem to despise side walks. I had to walk on the road for several kilometers, not the most pleasant experience. In addition, one trail came to an abrupt stop at the Orcia river; my assumption was that the trail had been washed away.

Frederik Dawson

Netherlands - 28-Mar-18 -

Val d'Orcia by Frederik Dawson

The effect from “Beast from the East” made my whole week of Italian trip on the Adriatic side of the Apennine to be miserably cold and wet, but when I crossed the Apennine to Tuscany, I was blessed with warmer temperature and some occasionally shower rain. Initially I was really happy that such kind of weather normally will create a wonderful mist in the morning, a perfect moment for photographers to make landscape photo for rolling hills of Val d’Orcia. However, when I reach Val d’Orcia area, heavy rain welcomed me, so heavy that I could not see anything except the road. I had no choice but to change my plan and directly went to Pienza. The rains continued until lunchtime and finally stopped at 2 PM, but even no rain, the sky was cloudy and rarely had sunshine, a worst element for photographing.

I drove out to San Quirico d’ Orcia from Pienza, along the way there were two famous spots for shooting photo. The first one was at the entrance road to Agriturismo Podorino B&B, the stunning view of Chapel Vitaleta on green hill from here was so lovely. Another spot was the behind the grove of trees near the bus stop before Ristorante La Taverna Del Barbarossa. From here was where the famous photo of Podere Belevede which become an iconic image of lonely mansion in Tuscany made. The view was great but because of cloudy sky I was really disappointed. After that I shortly drove to see the much photographed Cipressi di San Quirico d'Orcia, a group of cypress trees on the green hill, the spot was really nice and because it was located next to the main highway to Siena, it was easy to understand why this place was quite well known, it even has small parking area just for quick snap. Then I drove south back to San Quirico d’ Orcia and continued to small village of Bagno Vignoni, on the small provincial road of SP 323 there was a spot to take the photo of famous rows of cypresses of Farmhouse Poggio Covili. I ended my Val d’Orcia trip at the white cascade of hot spring at Bagni San Filippo.

Val d’Orcia, in my opinion, was the beautiful landscape of Italy, the color of soil did help the effect of brilliant color of fields, and farming landscape was also almost perfect for photography that was something that not a work of nature but well planned human design. I really enjoyed my time here and really appreciated the beauty of this manmade landscape even though it could not be considered as unique in my idea. To be honest I did not care much on Val d’Orcia’s outstanding universal value that made it to be World Heritage Site, for me this place is a great place for photography for ideal images of Tuscany and one of many must see of Italy.      


Japan / USA / Europe - 26-Jan-17 -

Val d'Orcia by Tsunami

I've visited several villages in Val d'Orcia WHS as recently as last year, but my favorite is Bagno Vignoni, which I visited in 1997.

This village is known in Italy today for its high-end spa, but it was also the main setting for the Russian cinematic giant Andrei Tarkovsky's masterpiece Nostalgia (1983).

Nostalgia was directed by Tarkovsky but was written by him and Tonino Guerra, perhaps the world's finest screen writer of his generation and one of the top Italian poets, who took Tarkovsky around Italy for location hunting for the movie.

This photo of the main square of the village, which is filled with water from a nearby hot spring, was taken by me 20 years ago and has been converted to a digital photo.

It was prohibited to get in the water when I was there, but people had supposedly gathered in the water to chitchat for centuries, as you can see in Nostalgia, just like they have been doing so at any other squares in Europe.

The water at the square was consequently used as a metaphor for human condition to a devastating effect in the movie.

Apparently, Val d'Orcia inspires artists even today.


Malta - 25-Aug-13 -

Val d'Orcia by Clyde

I visited this WHS in August 2013 and decided to take it easy to be able to enjoy the panoramic views, tiny villages, wineries and good food. I decided to base myself in San Quirico d'Orcia which is central to most interesting sites in the valley. I visited several places such as Castiglione d'Orcia, Rocca d'Orcia, Montalcino, Monticchiello, Montepulciano, La Foce, Chianciano Terme, Bagno Vignoni, Bagni San Filippo, etc. There is truly something for everyone here: food, wine, medievil cities, churches, art, thermal baths, hiking, photogenic landscapes, etc. I used to think that this WHS is rather redundant since Pienza is already inscribed on its own but I have come to think that it really deserves its status as a WHS and it really has an OUV if only you give it enough time to impress!

John booth

New Zealand - 15-Sep-11 -

Val d'Orcia by john booth

A large area of rural Tuscany, the Val d'Orcia boasts endless vinyards and olive groves spread over an undulating landscape.

A comfortable way of seeing this area is to take the Treno Natura from Siena on one of its periodic perigrinations - mostly on spring and autumn weekends. At other times the nearest station is at Buonconvento. From here I took buses to Montalcino and to Pienza. From both of these hilltop towns there are extensive views over the landscape.

Els Slots

The Netherlands - 04-Feb-09 -

Val d'Orcia by Els Slots

Although the landscape is pretty enough and quintessential Tuscan, this is a poor WHS. It has hills, olive trees and rows of cypresses. And there are still a lot of monumental farms around, although most of them seem to have been turned into Bed&Breakfasts.

My choice of sites to visit in this valley was limited because it was a Monday, the day that almost all sites in Italy that have paid access shut down. So no castles, monasteries, baths or mills for me. I just drove around a bit, taking some lesser roads, on my way to Orvieto (on the Tentative List, see separate review).

My first stop was at Castiglione d'Orcia. This town looks glued to the rocky hill where it's built at. There are some nice old stone houses, and narrow streets to lose your way in. Closeby is Rocca d'Orcia, one of the most characteristic fortresses that adorn the hills in the Val d'Orcia.

Along the way, there are also frequent signs pointing out the pilgrim's way Via Francigena. I think I encountered one pilgrim: an older man with walking sticks, braving the cold wind but well covered up in rain gear.


UK - 01-May-05 -

The Val d'Orcia is about two things for me: beautiful vistas and delicious wines. Staying with friends in a villa outside Siena in May 2004, I had ample opportunity to sample both. The roads in this part of Tuscany provide the archetypal imagery that has made the province famous, and the wines of Montalcino and Montepulciano are experiences in themselves.

Site Info

Full Name
Val d'Orcia
Unesco ID
4 6
Cultural Landscape - Associative

Site History

2004 Inscribed


The site has 1 locations

Val d'Orcia


The site has

Art and Architecture
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A. Mehmet Haksever AYB Afshin Iranpour Aitia Albarbella Alberto Peterle Alberto Rodriguez Gutierrez Alessandro Alessandro Votta Alex Goh Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Allison Vies Altacyr Ammon Watkins Andrea & Uwe Zimmermann Argo Aspasia Astraftis Atcardamone Atila Ege AustralLights Bazikoln Bin Brigitte Huber Butterflybird Caligari Carlo.bergonzini Cezar Grozavu Cgrannem Chen Taotao Chenboada Chenqtao Cheryl Christian Ochse Christravelblog Claire Bradshaw Cluckily Clyde Cobaltrage Craig Harder Cristina Erba CyBeRr Cyberczar DL Dachangjin3 Dan Pettigrew Daniel Gabi Daniela Hohmann DannyB David Aaronson & Melanie Stowell David Berlanda David Marton Dgjohansson Dibro Dimitar Krastev Dimitrios Polychronopoulos Dorejd DuSilo Elia Vettorato Eljx1988 Els Slots Emilia Bautista King Enrico Cerrini Enrique Clemente Erik Jelinek Errol Neo Fabi-ddorf Fabian Teusch Fan Yibo Federico P. Flexiear Fmannucci Frederik Dawson G.L. Ingraham Geo George Evangelou George Gdanski GeorgeIng61 GerhardM Gernot Gi Gianmarco Giulio25 Gooseta2 Grimloch Hadrianus HaraldOest Harry Mitsidis Hasco Hdimoshi Homadism Hubert Iain Jackson Ilya Burlak Inigo Cia Itahue Ivan Rucek Jakob Frenzel James Bowyer Janina Lehmann Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jarrod_Byham Jaysutton79 Jdewilde Jduffhue Jeankedezeehond Jeanne OGrady Jennbadgley Jens Jesse S 2010 Jezza Joachim Nölte-Baumann Joel on the Road John booth Jon Eshuijs Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jose Antonio Collar Joshuakirbens Jovanjovan Judith Tanner Julianna Lees Jun Zhou Junwang111 Juropa Kbtwhs Kelly Henry Keqi Knut Komorfil Krafal_74 Krzysztof B Kurt Lauer LKERPS La Concy LaVale Lamelas Lara Adler Leontine Helleman Lidb93 Lidiane Linda Sereno Lisu Marian Liverpool1023 Loic Pedras Lorenzo Mejino Lorenzo2022 Luca Molinari Luis Filipe Gaspar MMM MaYumin Maciej Gowin Malgorzata Kopczynska Marcel staron Mariaana Nelimarkka Marie Morlon Marina Marinemajor Martina Rúčková Matejicek Mateusz Mathijs Maureen Benefield Małgosia Łupicka Michael Turtle Michal Marciniak Mikko Monica Tasciotti Mtlmr NCosta Naim Y Nan Nasebaer Nihal Ege Nmocosta Nmocosta79 NoahFranc PabloNorte Palka25 Parrot Patphilly Patrick Matgen Patrik Paul Schofield Peter Lööv PeterH Petteri Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Phillipmeng Q Ralf Regele Randi Thomsen Rdroghetti Reddargon Reiseblog Remigiusz Rica Duchateau Riccardo Quaranta Robin Frank Roel Sterken Roger Ourset Rom Roman Bruehwiler Roman Koeln Rottenegg Rudegirl Sabrina Liebehentschel Schnitzel Seadie Sebasfhb Sergio Arjona Shandos Cleaver SirLoydd Solivagant Squiffy Stanislaw Warwas StaziG Stefan and Mia Stefania Giudice Stephanv Stephanvermeulen Stephen Brooker Stetrab Stijn Svein Elias Szabo Viktoria Szucs Tamas Tamara Ratz Tarquinio_Superbo Thibault Magnien Thomas Buechler Thomas van der Walt Tino A Offner Tjagmax Tom Flaten Tomas.zaruba Tonisan Tony0001 Tourhistrio Traveling Girl Truls Brekke Tsunami Valentina ValiaVeweth Vanessa Buechler Viaje al Patrimonio Vlad Lesnikov WILLIAM RICH Walter Walter H. Weggeworfeneleiter Werner Huber Westwards Wieland Willem van Altena William Quan Wojciech Fedoruk Wolfgang Hlousa WolfgangHl Xiong Wei Zoë Sheng