Critically endangered fauna species

WHS that include wild fauna species that are on the current (2021) IUCN Red List in their highest category: "Critically Endangered". Critically Endangered means that a species' numbers have decreased, or will decrease, by 80% within three generations. Some of them could be possibly extinct.

Species must be named in description, plus some details about remaining numbers.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Air and Téneré Dama gazelle (100-200 extant individuals worldwide), Northwest African cheetah
Aldabra Atoll Hawksbill Turtle & Aldabra Banded Snail
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park Cuban kite - "The current population is estimated 50 to 250 mature birds" (wiki)
Amami-Oshima Island Muennink's spiny rat, endemic to Okinawa Island, is a critically endangered species. It is found only on the northern part of the island, above 300 m, and is thought to inhabit an area of less than 3 km2. (Wikipedia - Muennink's spiny rat)
Andrefana Dry Forests Madagascar fish-eagle (ca. 240 remaining), Madagascan big-headed turtle
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo The only known breeding site for the Critically Endangered Townsend’s Shearwater (Puffinus auricularis) (AB ev)
Atlantic Forest South-East The southern muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides), a woolly spider monkey
Bale Mountains National Park Harenna Shrew (Crocidura harenna, CR); the Bale Mountains Tree Frog (Balebreviceps hillmani, CR) and the Bale Mountains Frog (Ericabatrachus baleensis, CR) (AB ev)
Blue and John Crow Mountains Arntully Robber Frog (1-249 mature individuals remaining) - possibly extinct
Cape Floral Region Table Mountain Ghost Frog - The whole of this species' range is incorporated in the Table Mountain National Park
Chitwan National Park Slender-billed Vulture (730-870 remaining), White-rumped vulture (4000-6000 remaining), Red-headed vulture (2,500-9,999 remaining), Bengal florican (250-999 remaining) (UNEP-WCMC)
Cocos Island Hawksbill Turtle
Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands Six sturgeon, of which four are confirmed to breed in the area are Critically Endangered, among them the Colchic Sturgeon (Acipenser colchicus – CR), which is endemic to the rivers of Kolkheti. (AB ev)
Darien National Park Brown-headed Spider Monkey,& Darien Stubfoot Toad ("much of its range falls within the Darién National Park", wiki)
Desembarco del Granma National Park Hawksbill Turtle
Discovery Coast Golden-bellied or Buff-headed Capuchin: The largest continuous area of forest in its known range, the Una Biological Reserve in Bahia, is estimated to contain a population of 185 individuals (wiki), remaining in total up to 2,499 (IUCN red list)
Dja Faunal Reserve Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)
Dong Phayayen Siamese crocodile (500-1000 remaining)
Fanjingshan Chinese Giant Salamander
Galapagos Islands Galapagos Petrel - "10,000-19,999 mature individuals" & Waved Albatross - ca. 34,700, of which 34,660 live on the Galapagos & Galapagos damsel (a fish) and Fernandina Giant Tortoise (both possibly extinct).
Getbol, Korean Tidal Flat Critically Endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper (AB ev)
Gough and Inaccessible Islands Gough finch or Gough bunting (a songbird) - "estimated at c.1000 individuals in 2007"
Great Barrier Reef Hawksbill Turtle
Gulf of California Vaquita (a marine mammal) - 10 remaining (2023)
Ha Long Bay – Cat Ba Archipelago Cat Ba Langur (Trachypithecus poliocephalus, CR)
Hawraman/Uramanat The property "overlaps with the range of at least one Critically Endangered species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Kurdistan Newt (Neurergus microspilotus)." (AB Ev – IUCN) (it's a salamander)
Ichkeul National Park Slender-billed Curlew (1-49 remaining)
Iguazu National Park Purple-winged Ground-dove - estimated to number <250 individuals
Ivindo National Park Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)
Kaeng Krachan Forest Siamese crocodile (500-1000 remaining)
Kahuzi-Biega National Park Mount Kahuzi Climbing Mouse - "It is known from just two specimens collected from localities 100 m apart" (see link); & Eastern Gorilla
Kaziranga National Park White-bellied Heron (< 250 individuals), Slender-billed Vulture (730-870 remaining), White-rumped vulture (4000-6000 remaining)
Kenya Lake System Black Rhinoceros - "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"
Keoladeo National Park Siberian Crane - rapidly declining due to Three Gorges Dam in China; they used to winter in Keoladeo but may be extinct there; plus White-rumped vulture, Indian vulture
Komodo National Park Yellow-crested Cockatoo (1,200-2,000 mature individuals remaining)
Lagoons of New Caledonia Endemic birds such as the New Caledonian owlet-nightjar (< 50 individuals remaining), and New Caledonian Lorikeet (possibly extinct) & Hawksbill Turtle
Lake Baikal Siberian Crane
Lopé-Okanda Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) - approx. 50,000 remaing, decreasing fast; And: Werneria iboundji, a species of toad endemic to Gabon
Lord Howe Island Lord Howe Island Stick-insect (Dryococelus australis) - thought to be extinct on Lord Howe Island itself, but some 30 individuals are surviving on the small islet of Ball's Pyramid (also part of the WHS) (wiki) & Lord Howe Horn-headed Stick-insect (Cornicandovia australica) : possibly extinct.
Lorentz National Park Western Long-beaked Echidna (Zaglossus bruijni) - "has not been recorded since the 1980s" in the park
Machu Picchu Royal Cinclodes (UNEP-WCMC), a passerine bird species (<250 remaining)
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Bengal florican, a type of bustard (< 1,000 individuals remaining)
Manovo-Gounda St. Floris Black Rhinoceros - "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"
Migratory Bird Sanctuaries Spoon-billed Sandpiper
Mount Hamiguitan Philippine Eagle (180-500 individuals remaining)
Mount Kenya (Eastern) Black Rhino: "Lewa holds over 12% of Kenya's eastern black rhinoceros population" (wiki)
Mount Nimba Mt Nimba Viviparous Toad
Mount Wuyi Chinese giant salamander - declining fast, "Commercial over-exploitation for human consumption is the main threat to the Chinese giant salamander. They are considered to be both a luxury food item and an important source of traditional medicines in China."
Ngorongoro Black Rhinoceros - General: "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"; in Nogorongoro: "between 11-14 in 1995"
Northern Martinique an endemic frog (Martinique Volcano Frog, Allobates chalcopis, CR) (AB ev)
Nyungwe National Park Upland Horseshoe Bat, (Rhinolophus hillorum, CR) (AB ev)
Odzala-Kokoua Forest Elephant, Loxodonta cyclotis, (CR) and Western Lowland Gorillas, Gorilla gorilla ssp. gorilla (CR) (AB ev)
Papahanaumokuakea Millerbird - a couple of hundred on the small island of Nihoa
Phong Nha - Ke Bang Saola, a bovine (< 750 individuals remaining)
Pitons Management Area Hawksbill Turtle
Pitons of Reunion Reunion Cuckooshrike (66 remaining)
Rainforests of the Atsinanana "8 types" (AB ev), including Golden Bamboo Lemur (< 250 remaining), Gray-headed lemur (formerly known as White-collared Lemur), Blue-eyed black lemur
Rio Abiseo National Park Peruvian Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey (1,000-10,000 remaining)
Rock Islands hawksbill sea turtle nests here, the only known location in Micronesia (nom file)
Sangha Trinational Western Lowland Gorilla, African Forest Elephant
Saryarka Siberian white crane - "world population is estimated to be around 3200-4000" (wiki)
Selous Game Reserve (Eastern) Black Rhino
Serengeti Black Rhinoceros - General: "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"; in Serengeti NP: "very few individuals remain due to rampant poaching"
Shark Bay Great hammerhead
Sian Ka'an Hawksbill Turtle
Socotra Archipelago Hawksbill sea turtle
Sundarbans National Park Northern River terrapin (ca. 100 remaining)
Tasmanian Wilderness Orange-bellied Parrot (20-25 remaining)
Tassili n'Ajjer Northwest African Cheetah (a.k.a. Saharan cheetah) (UNEP-WCMC)
Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley Peromyscus mekisturus (Puebla deer mouse): only found in the area surrounding Tehuacán and is considered one of the rarest Mexican species as there are only two specimens registered (nom file) & Papaloapan chub (Notropis moralesi), a species of ray-finned fish - current status unknown, considered data deficient by IUCN
The Sundarbans Northern River terrapin (UNEP-WCMC) (about 100 remaining)
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Red-headed vulture (< 10,000 remaining)
Tikal National Park Central American river turtle (UNEP-WCMC)
Tropical Rainforest Sumatra Sumatran orangutan - "A survey in 2004 estimated that around 7,300 Sumatran orangutans still live in the wild" (wiki), & Sumatran Rhino (30 remaining, IUCN), & Helmeted Hornbill (Gunung Leuser Avibase).
Tubbataha Reefs Christmas Island Frigatebird - ca. 1,171 breeding pairs exist; some are "a regular visitor" (AB ev) to Tubbataha; & Hawksbill Turtle
Ujung Kulon National Park Javan Rhinoceros - about 18 remaining individuals according to IUCN in 2019, other sources have it slightly higher (75 according to Save the Rhino)
Uvs Nuur Basin Siberian crane
Virunga National Park Eastern Gorilla (2,600 remaining)
Volcanoes of Kamchatka Spoon-billed sandpipers
W-Arly-Pendjari Complex Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki)
Western Ghats Malabar civet (<250 remaining, possibly extinct)
Wet Tropics of Queensland Armoured Mistfrog, Northern tinker frog, and the small marsupial Brush-tailed Bettong a.k.a. Woylie (12,000-18,000 remaining)
Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino Hawksbill Turtle
iSimangaliso Wetland Park (South-eastern) Black Rhino


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Critically endangered fauna species?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source