Critically endangered fauna species

WHS that include wild fauna species that are on the current (2010) IUCN Red List in their highest category: "Critically Endangered". Critically Endangered means that a species' numbers have decreased, or will decrease, by 80% within three generations. Some of them could be possibly extinct.

Species must be named in description, plus some details about remaining numbers.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Air and Téneré dama gazelle, Saharan cheetah
Aldabra Atoll Hawksbill turtle - declining
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park Cuban kite - "The current population is estimated 50 to 250 mature birds" (wiki)
Archipiélago de Revillagigedo the only known breeding site for the Critically Endangered Townsend’s Shearwater (Puffinus auricularis) (AB ev)
Banc d'Arguin Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980" & Hawksbill sea turtle - declining numbers
Blue and John Crow Mountains Arntully Robber Frog
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Mountain Gorilla - about 790 remaining individuals
Cape Floral Region Table Mountain Ghost Frog - The whole of this species' range is incorporated in the Table Mountain National Park; Blue crane
Central Highlands Western purplefaced langur - declining fast due to habitat loss and hunting
Central Suriname Nature Reserve black-bearded saki
Cerrado Protected Areas Cone-billed Tanager (Conothraupis mesoleuca)
Chitwan National Park Slender-billed Vulture, Whiterumped vulture, Red-headed vulture, Bengal florican (UNEP-WCMC)
Cocos Island Hawksbill turtle - declining
Danube Delta Mediterranean monk seal
Darien National Park brown-headed spider monkey
Desembarco del Granma National Park hawksbill turtle
Discovery Coast Golden-bellied capuchin: The largest continuous area of forest in its known range, the Una Biological Reserve in Bahia, is estimated to contain a population of 185 individuals (wiki)
Donana National Park Iberian Lynx - around 84-143 individuals
Dong Phayayen Siamese crocodile
Fanjingshan Chinese Giant Salamander
Galapagos Islands Galapagos Petrel - "10,000-19,999 mature individuals" & Waved Albatross - ca. 34,700, of which 34,660 live on the Galapagos
Garamba National Park Northern White Rinoceros - 4 remaining individuals, not seen since 2006
Glacier parks Kittlitz's Murrelet, a small seabird
Gough and Inaccessible Islands Gough finch or Gough bunting (a songbird) - "estimated at c.1000 individuals in 2007"
Guanacaste Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980"
Gulf of California Vaquita (a marine mammal) - "a mere 150 individuals remain"
Ibiza Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus, one of the twelve most endangered mammals in the world (UNEP-WCMC)
Ichkeul National Park Slender-billed Curlew
Iguazu National Park Purple-winged Ground-dove - estimated to number <250 individuals
Kahuzi-Biega National Park Mount Kahuzi Climbing Mouse - "It is known from just two specimens collected from localities 100 m apart" (see link)
Kaziranga National Park white-bellied heron, white-rumped and slender-billed vultures
Kenya Lake System Black Rhinoceros - "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"
Keoladeo National Park Siberian Crane - rapidly declining due to Three Gorges Dam in China; they used to winter in Keoladeo but may be extinct there; plus white-rumped vulture, Indian vulture
Komodo National Park yellow-crested cockatoo
Lagoons of New Caledonia Endemic birds such as the New Caledonian owlet-nightjar
Lake Baikal Siberian crane
Lopé-Okanda Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) - hundred thousands remaing, decreasing fast; And: Werneria iboundji, a species of toad endemic to Gabon
Lord Howe Island Dryococelus australis (a stick insect) - thought to be extinct on Lord Howe Island itself, but some 30 individuals are surviving on the small islet of Ball's Pyramid (also part of the WHS) (wiki)
Lorentz National Park Western Long-beaked Echidna (Zaglossus bruijni) - "has not been recorded since the 1980s"
Machu Picchu royal cinclodes (UNEP-WCMC)
Malpelo Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980" & Hawksbill sea turtle - declining numbers & Galapagos petrel
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Pygmy Hog - "less than 150 animals" (wiki) & Bengal florican, a type of bustard,
Manovo-Gounda St. Floris Black Rhinoceros - "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"
Migratory Bird Sanctuaries spoon-billed sandpiper
Mount Athos monk seal Monachus monachus (UNEP-WCMC)
Mount Hamiguitan Philippine Eagle
Mount Nimba Mt Nimba Viviparous Toad
Mount Wuyi Chinese giant salamander - declining fast, "Commercial over-exploitation for human consumption is the main threat to the Chinese giant salamander. They are considered to be both a luxury food item and an important source of traditional medicines in China." & South Chinese tiger - appears to be Extinct in the Wild (AB ev)
Ngorongoro Black Rhinoceros - General: "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"; in Nogorongoro: "between 11-14 in 1995"
Ogasawara Islands Bonin Flying Fox - about 100-160 on Chichijima, 100 on Minami-iwoto and sporadic elsewhere & Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980"
Papahanaumokuakea Hawaiian Monk Seal - "approximately 150"; Millerbird - a couple of hundred on the small island of Nihoa
Phong Nha - Ke Bang Saola
Pitons Management Area Hawksbill turtles
Pitons of Reunion Réunion cuckoo-shrike
Rainforests of the Atsinanana "8 types" (AB ev), including Golden Bamboo Lemur, Gray-headed lemur, Blue-eyed black lemur
Rio Abiseo National Park Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey - "Fewer than 250 individuals are thought to survive today."
Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980"
Rock Islands hawksbill sea turtle nests here, the only known location in Micronesia (nom file)
Salonga National Park Dryas monkey - "numbers of this taxon are low, probably not exceeding a few hundred individuals" (IUCN)
Sangha Trinational Western Lowland Gorilla
Saryarka Saiga antelope - "In total, the global population of Saiga is now estimated at ca.50,000, down from 1,250,000 in the mid-1970s, with most animals found in Kazakhstan. " & Siberian white crane - "world population is estimated to be around 3200-4000" (wiki)
Serengeti Black Rhinoceros - General: "Population size collapsed during the last century, from an estimated 65,000 animals in 1970 to a mere 2,300 in the 1990s. Rhino numbers are now increasing, but recovery is slow"; in Serengeti NP: "very few individuals remain due to rampant poaching"
Sian Ka'an Leatherback Sea Turtle - "Recent estimates of global nesting populations are that 26,000 to 43,000 females nest annually, which is a dramatic decline from the 115,000 estimated in 1980"
Sinharaja Forest Srilankan Rose (a butterfly)
Socotra Archipelago Hawksbill sea turtle
Tasmanian Wilderness Orange-bellied Parrot - "The current wild population is estimated at under 50 individuals" (wiki)
Tassili n'Ajjer Saharan cheetah (UNEP-WCMC)
The Sundarbans River terrapin (UNEP-WCMC)
Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Sumatran rhinoceros, red-headed vulture
Tikal National Park Central American river turtle (UNEP-WCMC)
Tropical Rainforest Sumatra Sumatran orangutan - "A survey in 2004 estimated that around 7,300 Sumatran orangutans still live in the wild" (wiki), "There are believed to be around 6,600 individuals surviving in just ten fragmented habitat units." (see link)
Tsingy de Bemaraha Madagascar fish-eagle
Tubbataha Reefs Christmas Island Frigatebird - ca. 1,171 breeding pairs exist; some are "a regular visitor" (AB ev) to Tubbataha
Ujung Kulon National Park Javan Rhinoceros - about 48 remaining individuals, of which 40 live in Ujung Kulon (the others in Vietnam)
Uvs Nuur Basin Siberian crane
Virunga National Park Mountain Gorilla - about 790 remaining individuals
Volcanoes of Kamchatka spotted and spoon-billed sandpipers
W-Arly-Pendjari Complex Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki)
Western Caucasus spur-thighed tortoise (subspecies Testudo graeca nikolskyi)
Western Ghats Malabar civet
Wet Tropics of Queensland armoured mistfrog, northern tinker frog, brush-tailed bettong

Suggestions?

Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Critically endangered fauna species?

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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source