Cocos Island

Cocos Island
..

Cocos Island National Park covers primarily a marine ecosystem, globally significant for sharks.

The park consists of Cocos Island and its surrounding marine zone. It is located in the Pacific Ocean 550km off the coast of Costa Rica. It is the point of land nearest to the Galapagos Islands, which lie 630km to the south-west.

The marine area is considered a safe haven because commercial fishing is not allowed. 300 species of fish are found, including large species such as sharks, rays, tuna and dolphins. This also makes it one of the best scuba diving spots in the world.

Cocos Island is uninhabited except for park rangers. It differs from neighbouring islands because it is not dry and barren, but covered with a humid tropical forest. It is also mountainous and there are many waterfalls. Although its ecosystem has been severely damaged by introduced species like pigs and rats, it still contains many endemic species (for example three species of endemic land birds).

Map of Cocos Island

Load map

Community Rating

Your Rating

Site Info

Full Name
Cocos Island National Park
Unesco ID
820
Country
Costa Rica
Inscribed
1997
Type
Natural
Criteria
9 10
Categories
Natural landscape - Marine and Coastal
Link
By ID

Site History

2002 Extended

Extension of marine zone

1997 Inscribed

1986 Rejected

Does not meet criteria

Locations

The site has 1 locations

Cocos Island

Connections

The site has

Constructions
Ecology
Geography
History
Human Activity
Individual People
Timeline
Trivia
WHS on Other Lists
World Heritage Process

Visitors

Community Members have visited.