Air and Téneré
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves includes the volcanic massif of the Aïr Mountains, a Sahelian island isolated in climate, flora and fauna in the surrounding Saharan desert of Ténéré.
It contains an outstanding variety of landscapes, plant species and wild animals. One-sixth of the reserve is a sanctuary for addax, a critically endangered species of antilope.
Map of Air and Téneré
- ●● Natural
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Full name: Air and Téneré Natural Reserves
Unesco ID: 573
Inscribed: 1991 In Danger
Criteria: 7 9 10
- 1992 - In Danger region in which this site is situated has been affected by civil disturbance
- 1991 - Inscribed
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- Critically endangered fauna species: dama gazelle, Saharan cheetah
- Animal Migrations: The massif of the Aïr also constitutes a transit zone for a large number of afrotropical and palaearctic migratory birds. (unesco website)
- Dunes: The "live dunes" of the Ténéré are an example of erosion under way the landscape is rapidly modified on a geological time scale by the displacement and deposition of sand (AB ev)
- Ratites: common ostrich
- Strict Nature Reserve: Sanctuaire des Addax
- Songhai Empire: Became the furthest northern outpost of the Songhai Empire in the early 16th century - until recaptured by the Tuareg later in the century
- Neolithic age: Palaeolithic and Neolithic archaeological sites are found at many locations in the reserve, as are rock engraving sites. (unesco website)
- Natural sites with indigenous human population: The 3,500-7,000 Twareg inhabitants for the most part maintain a lifestyle of transhumant pastoralism, raising goats and camels (unesco website)
- Proterozoic: La zone du socle précambrien de l'Aïr est composée de dépôts de roches sédimentaires plissées et métamorphisées (gneiss, schistes) et de roches volcaniques datant du Protérozoïque inférieur. (wiki fr)
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World Heritage Process
- Slow Starters: 1974-1991 : 17 years