Built in the 20th century

These WHS were all constructed between 1901 and 2000.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Asmara emerged from the successive planning phases from 1893 until 1941 (first plan 1908)
Auschwitz Birkenau Auschwitz I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. (wiki)
Bahá’i Holy Places Precise location for tomb determined in 1891... "The remains of the Báb were buried on March 21, 1909 in a six-room mausoleum made of local stone. In a separate room, the remains of `Abdu'l-Bahá were buried in November 1921. In 1929 three rooms were added to the mausoleum, and in 1949 the first threshold stone of the superstructure was laid by Shoghi Effendi. The construction was completed over the mausoleum in 1953" (Wiki)
Bauhaus Sites In 1919 the Schools of Art and of Applied Arts of the Grand Duchy of Saxony were combined to form the State Bauhaus of Weimar. The building of the former had been constructed in two phases, in 1904 and 1911 (AB ev)
Berlin Modernism Housing Estates Earliest is Tuschkastensiedlung Falkenberg, 1913-16
Bikini Atoll Nuclear test site from 1946 to 1958
Brasilia Inaugurated in 1960.
Centennial Hall The Centennial Exhibition opened in May 1913 (AB ev)
Central University City Campus of the UNAM Completed in 1954.
Church of Atlántida inaugurated in 1960
Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas 1960s.
ESMA Site Museum "During the civil-military dictatorship (1976-1983), the Officers' Quarters building at ESMA ... was the Argentine Navy’s principal secret detention centre" (AB ev)
Fagus Factory 1911
Frank Lloyd Wright Buildings From 1906 on
Funerary and memory sites of the First World War "The reburial in individual graves within regrouped cemeteries took place in the early 1920s. ... In the following years, between the 1920s and 1930s, memorials and monuments were erected" (AB ev)
Genbaku Dome After atomic bomb of 6 August 1945
Grimeton Radio Station The transmitter was constructed between 1922 and 1924
Ir. D.F. Woudagemaal Open since 7 October 1920
Ivrea Mostly 1930s
Jodrell Bank Observatory From 1945 on
Kaiping Diaolou mainly constructed in the 1920s and 1930s (AB ev)
Le Havre In summer 1944, with a group architect colleagues Auguste Perret (1874-1954), then 70 years old, took the lead in the project of reconstruction of the town. (AB ev)
Luang Prabang Due to its OUV "in the years between 1915 and 1925 a new concept, that of urbanizatlon, was Introduced" (AB ev), though there are older temples and stupas
Luis Barragán House and Studio The house in number 14 was built in 1948. (AB ev)
Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt For the international exhibitions in 1901, 1904, 1908 and 1914
Memorial Sites of Genocide the Kigali Genocide Memorial was built in 1999 (AB ev)
Modernist Kaunas Focuses on "Architecture of Optimism, 1919-1939"
Osun-Osogbo Although the cultural significance of the Grove dates back to Yoruba mythological periods what is "on show" is largely a 20th century manifestation. "Susanne Wenger, with the support of the Ataoja, formed a group with native traditional artists who started to erect decorated walls, giant sculptures and buildings around the shrines and remains of the palaces. ... "resulting in more than 40 powerful sculptures (or ensemble of sculptures) and sculptural architectures. The 'New Sacred Art' and the artists attached to that movement which started in the 1950's are today internationally recognized..." "This work that has been developed over the past 50 years in the grove is not only a masterpiece of modern art (Modern Sacred Art) but also an authentic illustration of the myths attached to the grove, and, more simply, has saved it from vanishing." (Nom File)
Palau de la Musica Catalana & Hospital de Sant Pau These two monuments are masterpieces of the imaginative and exuberant Art Nouveau that flowered in early 20th century. (AB ev)
Pampulha From 1940 on
Plečnik's Ljubljana The nominated property consists of a series of public spaces .. and public institutions .. that Plečnik designed throughout the city in the period between the two World Wars. (AB ev)
Rabat Ville Nouvelle was started in 1912, and that gave the city its unique plan (combined with historic quarters)
Rachid Karami International Fair-Tripoli Between 1967 and 1975.
Rhaetian Railway 1908-10
Rietveld Schröderhuis Built in 1924 (AB ev)
Riga A significant part of the inscribed area consists of buildings constructed in the Latvian Art Nouveau style from 1905
Rjukan / Notodden Three of the pioneering power plant buildings (Vemork, Såheim and Tinfos II) constructed between 1905 and 1940 are intact and still in use. (AB ev)
Santiniketan "In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore began its transformation to a residential school and centre for art" (AB ev)
Schokland Located in the agricultural landscape of the Noordoostpolder, which was created in 1942
Sewell Mining Town 1904
Skogskyrkogarden Work began in 1917 and the formal consecration of the Woodland Cemetery and its first chapel, the Woodland Chapel (designed by Asplund), took place in 1920. (AB ev)
Stoclet House 1905-1911
Sydney Opera House Opened in 1973.
Sítio Roberto Burle Marx The 1949 purchase was the first of three acquisitions of land that now forms the nominated property (AB ev)
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier 1923-1965
Trans-Iranian Railway Started in 1927 and completed in 1938 (AB ev)
Tugendhat Villa the villa was completed by the end of 1930 (AB ev)
Van Nellefabriek 1920's
Warsaw Its OUV lies in the reconstruction techniques and effort, that happened after 1945
White City of Tel-Aviv based on the urban master plan by Sir Patrick Geddes (1925-27) (AB ev)
Works of Antoni Gaudí Parque Guell 1900-1914 Casa Mila 1906-1910 Nativity facade of Sagrada Familia 1886-2026 (?) Casa Balto 1905-1907 Crypt of Colonila Guell (1898-1916)
Zollverein In 1927 two young architects, Martin Kremmer and Fritz Schupp, began work on designing the new central shaft site XII on the principle of "form follows function".


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Built in the 20th century?

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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source