Mining Sites of Wallonia

Mining Sites of Wallonia
Photo by Els Slots.

The Major Mining Sites of Wallonia represent industrial mining in continental Europe at various stages of the Industrial Revolution.

Developed in the 19th century, the Walloon mining basin became an exemplary centre of the Industrial Revolution outside England. The remains of the Grand-Hornu, Bois-du-Luc, Bois du Cazier and Blegny-Mine sites include surface and underground mining structures, industrial architecture and worker housing.

Community Perspective: The Grand Hornu is an aesthetically pleasing work of architecture, while at Blegny you can go on an underground tour. Bois du Cazier is an easy site to reach from Charleroi and has a number of exhibition spaces, including one dedicated to the Bois-du-Cazier disaster of 1956. Finally, Bois-du-Luc has a good mix of industrial and social elements.

Map of Mining Sites of Wallonia

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Community Reviews

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Jakob Frenzel

Germany - 02-May-19 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Jakob Frenzel

July 2018 - Roadtrip to Normandy. It was my second visit to theis WHS. This time Blegny Mine. In March 2015 I already visited Bois du Cazier, when landing in Charleroi instead of Brussels. Well both sites are mining sites, and both are not that spectacular. At least not above ground. For visiting the mines, I did not have the time and probably thats the main essence of the sites.

However, the industrial heritage at both sites is somewhat impressive. I took some nice shots around the places and try to imagine how mining was done 100 years earlier. Thanks for showing, but the entrance fees were too high for a short visit into the museums or mines.

Michael Turtle

Australia - 16-Nov-16 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Michael Turtle

As you know, there are four properties that make up this World Heritage Site and I visited just one of them: Bois-du-Luc. I enjoyed the property and thought it had a good mix of elements that represent the heritage values of the site. There were authentic buildings from the mine and its operations, there was a good museum with exhibits that told the story of the workers very well, and there was the town around the main site that was used by the workers and their families.

Although I didn't visit the other three properties, I did some research and spoke to people in Belgium about them. With a bit more time (and a car), I would have also visited Blegny to have the underground experience, and possibly Grand-Hornu to see the different style of architecture there.

Overall, I think it's an interesting site and I'm always partial to the industrial ones. It's been well preserved and a lot of effort has gone into offering experiences for visitors to understand the site and see different elements for themselves.

Read more from Michael Turtle here.

Ian Cade

UK - 14-May-15 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Ian Cade

Whilst these certainly aren't the highlight of a trip to Belgium they did provide an interesting point of reference on a recent WHS mega weekend around the area.

Our route south pushed us in the direction of Liege, as such our first visit was to the mines at Bligny, the only one of these sites where you can still get below ground. Sadly some unexpected road works led us to arrive shortly after a tour departed. Not really having enough time to wait we wandered around the structures above ground. The most striking was the climb up the slag heap, offering views across the former mining landscape. We also got to see the other attractions Hubert mentions, and like him we weren't especially interested, however the use of former lumps of mining machinery as a crazy golf course was kind of amusing. A quick pit stop in the cafe was the limit of our visit, though it did allow us to see a fair chunk of the local community out for a catch up, which was rather nice to see. This was an enjoyable visit even if we missed the chance to head underground.

A couple of days later we made an unexpected visit to le Grand Hornu. As it was a Monday the main site wasn't open. However, and not for the first time, we encountered a wonderful welcome from people working at a world heritage site. They explained some details, such as the relationship to Mons' role as the current European Capital of Culture, and even the visits that Vincent Van Gogh paid. They even let us head out for a stroll around, which was all we were interested in anyway. It was a pretty impressive architectural ensemble, though its mining functions were somewhat hidden. One of the things I found most interesting was the endless rows of small terraced houses that surrounded the central buildings. These always remind me of my home city, and as such help illustrate the large impact of such sites.

On the whole I didn't feel that I got a full grasp on the heritage of the mining sites; however that was mostly due to my missing the tours and interpretation that was available. These aren't going to top many people’s lists of must see sites in Belgium; however it did give me a better appreciation of the history of this area, beyond the usual views of the glorious cities of Flanders.

Site 4 Experience 3

Jarek Pokrzywnicki

Polska - 29-Apr-15 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Jarek Pokrzywnicki

Just visited - April, 2015. Only one location - Bois du Cazier - relatively easy to see if you are in Charleroi (in fact Bois du Cazier is currently part of the city).

There is a public bus to go there (# 52) starting from Charleroi-Sud, but it is not very frequent (on Sundays there are only 3 buses to go to the mine). It is better to use bus # 1 - ask the driver to drop you in the place nearest the mine - around 2 km by foot or take any bus to Marcinelle (more frequent) and take some walk from there (3-4 km, check on the map, where to go).

The site itself is well organised, prepared for mass visiting (Industry Museum, Glass Museum, expositions) with special hall devoted to the biggest catastrophe in the history of Belgian mining.

Buildings covers relatively small area, sadly no underground part is allowed for visiting. Depending on your willingness to see exhibitions half a day should be enough for the whole trip


Austria - 18-Oct-12 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Hubert Scharnagl

We visited the Blegny coal mine on a day trip from Aachen. Blegny is a small village near the Belgian-German border, about 10 km from Liège and 30 km from Aachen. At its closure in 1980, the Blegny mine was the oldest and last operating mine in the region. Preserved are the headframe and the coal washing plant from the 20th Century, the building and pithead of the older Marie mine, and underground shafts and galleries. Blegny is the only of the four parts of the WHS, where an underground tour is available. The tour starts with a short film about the history of the Blegny mine and the mining region. Then, equipped with a helmet and a miners coat, we took the original elevator to a level 30 metres below ground. Actually, the elevator is a two-story cage, small and narrow, thus you should not suffer from claustrophobia.

Regular tours are only in French and Dutch, but there are audioguides in English and German. The guided tour provides information on the history of mining, from the tough working conditions 200 years ago to the automated production methods in the late 20th Century. Our guide was a former miner, he had a lot to tell, his explanations were always much longer and seemed to be more amusing than the text on my audioguide. Unfortunately, my French is not good enough to understand all his anecdotes and jokes. We walked along the mining gallery and went down to a level of 60 metres below ground, then we took the elevator to the top of the shaft tower. Above ground we visited the conveyor belts, the coal washing plant and the facilities for the further transport of the coal. These devices are in the most remarkable construction of the mine, a large building of red brick with metal frames, built in the 1940s. The entire tour lasts about 1.5 hours and we enjoyed it very much. However, I like to visit mining sites and industrial heritage.

The building of the Marie mine is the oldest part of the site and houses the worth seeing mining museum. It is much larger than it appears from the outside and shows an abundance of machines and devices, including the showers of the miners. We spent almost two hours there.

You can also climb the mine heap and have a panoramic view of the pit and the region, but we skipped that because it started to rain when we finished our tour. There are also several attractions for children: playgrounds, a road-train, miniature golf, a small animal park, aviaries. That's not to my taste, but it obviously helps to draw interest of children to the industrial heritage.

All in all a worthwhile day trip, in particular if you like to visit mining sites.


Malta - 07-Sep-12 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Clyde

I visited the Grand-Hornu and Bois-du-Luc sites this Summer 2012. I think that the sum of these sites together was a wise choice for entry as a WHS. I wasn't very impressed by the Bois-du-Luc site. The main entrance gate is just about the best thing there is to see as the museum and the rest of the site is being refurbished now that it has been given the WHS status. The Grand-Hornu on the other hand was very well kept, very friendly and helpful staff welcome you and are willing to give you information. I was impressed by how big this site was and by the fact that so much attention was given to build this mining site. Once you go in this site, you would think it could be anything BUT a mining site!!! Really worth visiting Grand-Hornu and perhaps Bois du Cazier has much more to offer than the other 2 sites.

Els Slots

The Netherlands - 26-May-10 -

Mining Sites of Wallonia by Els Slots

"Major Mining Sites of Wallonia" consists of four separate sites: Le Grand-Hornu, Bois-du-Luc, Bois du Cazier and the mine of Blegny. They represent coal mining in the 19th century when Belgium was the 2nd most important industrial nation.

I set out to visit Le Grand-Hornu and Bois-du-Luc on a day trip from my home in the Netherlands. These two former mines are located about 30kms apart, in the same region as 2 other Walloon WHS (Spiennes & the Four Lifts).

Le Grand-Hornu already is a pleasant surprise at first sight. It stands out as an architectural diamond in a poor-looking neighbourhood and looks very well-maintained. This former mine complex now houses a couple of exhibition rooms, a restaurant, and the Walloon Museum of Modern Art. The entrance was free today, as was the pretty good audio guide that is available in several languages.

During the first minutes of the one-hour tour, the narrator of the guide already tells you: this is not really a visit to a mine: there's nothing left of the works underground. You come here to see the neoclassical buildings, modelled after Arc-et-Senans. Unfortunately, I've never seen this French WHS, so I cannot compare how much they look alike (and if this prevents its Belgian counterpart to become a WHS also).

The main area of Grand-Hornu is an amazing oval square, surrounded by former ateliers, offices and a building that housed the steam machine. Most of the construction is made of brick. Henri De Gorge, the first owner, is honoured by a statue and a family museum on site. He also had 400 houses for workers built in a model town surrounding the site. They still are there, as are the broad cobbled streets. I then slowly finished my walk on the grounds and enjoyed the rather perfect design of its buildings.

My visit to Bois-du-Luc was less eventful: the site was half-closed, and I had to wait a long time before a guided tour would start. I had a quick look at the surroundings (looks definitely more industrial than Grand-Hornu) and decided to leave it at that, and drove home.

From the descriptions on their joint website, I gather that the mine of Blegny is the only of the four that has not been dismantled. It was closed in the last quarter of the 20th century. It might be a clever choice of the Walloon authorities to put these four locations together - the sum here is probably better than the parts. There are already many mines and town planning sites on the WH List.

Site Info

Full Name
The Major Mining Sites of Wallonia
Unesco ID
2 4
Structure - Mines

Site History

2012 Inscribed

2010 Deferred


The site has 4 locations

Mining Sites of Wallonia: Grand Hornu
Mining Sites of Wallonia: Bois-du-Luc
Mining Sites of Wallonia: Bois du Cazier
Mining Sites of Wallonia: Blegny-Mine


Community Members have visited.

A. Mehmet Haksever Adrian Lakomy Adrian Turtschi Afshin Iranpour Alberto Peterle Alessandro Alessandro Votta Alex Goh Alexander Barabanov Alexander Lehmann Alfons and Riki Verstraeten Alicemears Ammon Watkins Andrea & Uwe Zimmermann AnnaRt Argo Ask Gudmundsen Atila Ege Bazikoln Bin Bram de Bruin Brendan Carroll Buzz Caligari Carstenhansen Caspar Dechmann Cezar Grozavu Chen Taotao ChenMing Christoph Christravelblog Claire Bradshaw ClaireWhiteley Clyde Colossus Coppi Craig Harder Cristina Erba Criterion Daniel C-Hazard David Berlanda DavidS Debfc Dibro Dimitar Krastev Dirk-pieter Donald M Parrish Jr Donnico Dorejd Dutchbirder Dwight Zehuan Xiao Echwel Elaine McArdle Els Slots Erik Jelinek Errol Neo Eva Kisgyorgy FS Fan Yibo Farinelli Feanster Femke Roos Fernweh Frederik Dawson Gary Arndt George Evangelou George Gdanski GeorgeIng61 Gianmarco Hadrianus Haining Guan Harry Mitsidis Hubert Hurrvinek Iain Jackson Ian Cade Ingemar Eriksson Ingrid Itahue Ivan Ivan Rucek J. Stevens Jakob Frenzel James Bowyer Jan Zimmermann Jan-Willem Janina Lehmann Janis Jarek Pokrzywnicki Jasam Jean Lecaillon Jeankedezeehond Jeffrey Chai Ran Jezza Joel on the Road John Smaranda Jonas Hagung Jonas Kremer Jonathanfr Jose Antonio Collar Joshuakirbens Joyce van Soest Judith Tanner KarenBMoore Kbecq Kelly Henry Knut Krafal_74 Krijn Lara Adler Leontine Helleman Lidiane Lisu Marian Lorenzo Mejino Lorenzo2022 Lubos Lier Lucas Del Puppo Luis Filipe Gaspar Luki501 M. Huineman de la Cuadra MH Maciej Gowin Marcel staron Marie Morlon Martina Rúčková Mathijs MaxHeAnouBen MiIm Mibive Michael Mett Michael Turtle Michiel Dekker Mikko Mikko Syrjä Missvaro Mohboh Nan NataliaS Nicole Kilian Nihal Ege Olli-Pekka Turunen PabloNorte Pang Liang Fong Pascal Cauliez Pasha Globus Patrik Paul Schofield Peter Alleblas Peter Lööv PeterH Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Pieter Dijkshoorn Q Randi Thomsen Rica Duchateau Riccardo Quaranta Robin Frank Roel Sterken Roger Ourset Rom Roman Bruehwiler Roman Koeln Roman Raab Rudegirl Sabrina Liebehentschel Sascha Grabow Schnitzel Sebasfhb Seethebee Sergio Arjona Shandos Cleaver Smeets Peter SoeKoh Solivagant Stanislaw Warwas Stefan and Mia Stephanvermeulen Stijn Svein Elias Szucs Tamas Tarquinio_Superbo Thibault Magnien Thomas Buechler Thomas Harold Watson Thomas van der Walt Tommasorossotti Tonioto Tony0001 Triath Tsunami Usagi1974 Vanessa Buechler Vincent Cheung Vladimir WHS Lux WILLIAM RICH WalGra Walter Walter H. Wang Qin Wapos Wieland Wojciech Fedoruk Wolfgang Sander WolfgangHl Xiquinho Silva YaroMir Yevhen Ivanovych Zoë Sheng