Man-made Terraces

Notable terraces laid out in gardens and parks, or for agricultural use.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Alto Douro patamares
Ambohimanga "Agricultural terraces were also constructed on the lower hill-slopes." (AB ev)
Assisi Roman city plan (which is still intact) was based on terraces
Bahá’i Holy Places Bahai gardens
Bali Subak system
Bassari Country Fields are organised in terraces (AB ev)
Bethlehem terraced gardens
Borobudur Crit i: "its stepped, unroofed pyramid consisting of ten superimposing terraces"
Changdeokgung Palace Complex "The garden was landscaped with a series of terraces planted with lawns, flowering trees, flowers, a lotus pool and pavilions set against a wooded background." - AB Document (Unesco Description)
Chichen-Itza surrounding El Castillo
City of Luxembourg Below the Bock, dating from the 17th century. Used for gardens.
Costiera Amalfitana used for the vineyards
Dacian Fortresses Sarmizegetusa Regia was constructed on five terraces (wiki)
El Fuerte de Samaipata By the Incas
Fort and Shalamar Gardens Shalamar Gardens are terraced
Hani Rice Terraces
Hawraman/Uramanat "Among major ancient innovations in Hawraman/Uramanat is the clever technical terracing in mountain slopes. The intelligent method of setting up these terraces and their creative architecture shows wisely observance of structural, architectural and scientific principles beside an innovate construction of water drainage system and foundation. Some of these terraces dates back to hundreds of years ago but they are still intact and functioning." (Nomination file, p. 73)
Iwami Ginzan Silver Mine "... over 1,000 man-made flat terraces, large and small, have been identified. The flat areas are the sites of workshops where silver production was carried out" (nom file)
Khami Ruins "is dominated by a series of terraced stone ruins" (see link)
Khinalig "the terraces as well as the gravityfed irrigation systems for pastures and hayfields remain important evidence of adaptation to the local natural conditions." (AB ev)
Koutammakou "Some of the fields are terraces on the hills."
Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces
Liangzhu Archaeological Site Bianjiashan Terrace, Meirendi Terrace, Mojiaoshan Terrace
Machu Picchu
Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley
Maulbronn Monastery The Cistercians (and their lay brothers) made them for water management purposes
Medina Azahara To construct the buildings on different terraces, the mountainside had to be specially prepared. The bare rock was cut and the foundations filled in with the resulting stone blocks to create a wall, and then on the outside, the foundations were filled in and supported by thick retaining walls. (AB ev)
Mount Emei, including Leshan Giant Buddha "The monasteries demonstrate a flexible architectural style that adapts to the landscape. Some, such as the halls of Baoguosi, are built on terraces of varying levels" (wiki)
Nemrut Dag "This funerary mound, whose interior layout remains unknown despite numerous attempts to locate the dromos, is surrounded on the east, west and north sides by artificial terraces" (AB ev)
Oaxaca and Monte Alban Monte Alban: "the site is characterized by several hundred artificial terraces" (wiki)
Persepolis Persepolis is located over a half artificial terrace.
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands
Potsdam Sans Souci Palace Vineyard Terrace
Preah Vihear Temple (stone terraces attached to the hills forming entraces and temple grounds)
Qadisha Valley agricultural terraces
Qalhat funerary terraces (AB ev)
Qhapaq Ñan Huacahuasi, Rumiqolqa, Choqetakarpu
Quebrada de Humahuaca The precolumbian site of Coctaca has agricultural terraces
Quirigua a highly elaborate system of pyramids, terraces, and staircases (AB ev)
Québec Dufferin Terrace
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy Villa della Regina's Terrace Garden
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
Rio Abiseo National Park Gran Pajat
Risco Caido The landscape has been shaped to create unique farming terraces (AB ev)
San Agustín "huge monumental platforms, terraces and mounds"
San Pedro de la Roca Castle built in a series of terraces
Santa Ana de los Rios de Cuenca Pumapungo
Sceilg Mhichíl ".. the isolated hermitage perched on narrow, human-made terraces just below the South Peak" (OUV)
Serra de Tramuntana
Sukur Terraced fields
Tak'alik Ab'aj "the slopes descending from the volcanic piedmont to the coastal plains were modified into a series of ten successive terraces" (AB ev)
Tarraco built on terraces
The Prosecco Hills
Tusi Sites "Building remains within the walls follow a street and drainage system on the terraced hillside sloping down to the Tangya River on the east." (AB ev)
Um er-Rasas Cultivated terraces were built by damming the bottom of local wadis with low terrace walls (nom file)
Upper Middle Rhine Valley
Vat Phou Vat Phou Temple (stone terraces attached to the hills forming entraces and temple grounds)
Vatican City Cortile del Belvedere (never completed)
Villa d'Este
Wachau Cultural Landscape vine terraces
Wulingyuan Rice field terraces of Tujia villages
Xochicalco "The main ceremonial center is atop an artificially leveled hill, with remains of residential structures, mostly unexcavated, on long terraces covering the slopes" W(wiki)


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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source