Rani-ki-Vav (The Queen's Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat is the most developed and ornate example of this type of Indian architecture.
Stepwells are wells or ponds in which the water may be reached by descending a set of steps. These were sites for collecting water and socialising, but also simultaneously hold great spiritual significance.
Rani-ki-Vav was built in the 11th century as a memorial by the widow of Bhimdev I, ruler of the Solanki dynasty. The vav was later flooded by the nearby Saraswati river and silted over until the late 1980s, when it was excavated by the Archeological Survey of India.
The steps begin at ground level, leading down through the cool air through several pillared pavilions to reach the deep well below. There are more than 800 elaborate sculptures among seven galleries. Many of these are in devotion to Vishnu.
Map of Rani-ki-VavLoad map
This is a really nice site - a spectacular building with a rich history, off the beaten tourist tracks but well-developed for a visit. The fact it was buried for centuries and only recently excavated only adds to the charm. I like the general architecture of stepwells, but this one comes jam-packed with rich stone carvings. I rented a driver for a day from Ahmadabad and visited the site together with Modhera (also very worthy). The site itself is fenced in and guarded - which means it is clean and free of touts. It's not too big - there are no further buildings apart from the stepwell. A bit of climbing is required to reach the bottom of it. Compared to the Ahmadabad stepwells, the Rani-ki-Vav is much more decorated, but also a bit more damaged. I would recommand to visit the adalaj stepwell first to get an impression of the general stepwell layout, and than the Rani-ki-Vav for sheer beauty.
All-in-all, I think this site needs a bit more love - it certainly deserves better than scrape around the bottom of our top lists !
Visited: Nov 2015
Importance: 3/5 Beauty: 5/5 Uniqueness: 5/5 Environment: 3/5 Experience: 5/5
Visited in May 2015.
Rani-ki Vav is one of the biggest and most ornamented stepwells you can find in Gujarat and southern Rajastan. It was constructed at the beginning of the rule of Solanki dynasty (XI century) and most of the time was covered with the silt from Saraswati River - for the first time the stepwell was flooded at the last phase of its construction. That's why now we can enjoy woderfull sculptured panels representing apsaras, Dus Avatars, sadhu men and floral and geometrical designs. Most sculptures are in devotion to Vishnu and that's really rare.
This stepwell is 64 m long, 20 m wide and 27 m deep.
At the bottom of the well at the western side you can see a big water tank that was linked through an underground channel with the cistern - the only part of the structure used even at the beginning of XX century.
Rani-ki Vav is not easy to reach using public transport: while coming from Ahmedabad you have to change at least twice, first in Mehsana and then in Patan from where you have to take a taxi or walk around 8 km. It much better to use a taxi driver from Ahmedabad and combine the trip it with a visit to Sun Temple in Modhera. It takes around 7 hours and on the way back you can visit other stepwells (Adalaj Vav - in my opinion the most interesting of the stepwells I've seen, although not so big) and historical monuments. Expect to pay something around 1200 rupees for the whole trip.
There were no guides at the entrance to the very nice park/maidan in which the Rani-ki Vav is located, but you can buy a little book about the place in the ticket booth - it gives you a very good explanation and shows how it looked some decades ago.
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