Company town

A company town is a town or city in which much or all real estate, buildings (both residential and commercial), utilities, hospitals, small businesses such as grocery stores and gas stations, and other necessities or luxuries of life within its borders are owned by a single company.

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Colonies of Benevolence The Society of Benevolence owned the grounds of the colonies and all the facilities on the territory, ranging from farms, workshops, staff houses and institutions to religious buildings, homes for the elderly, schools, cemeteries and hospitals. "The Society provided the families in their colonists' homes with household goods including sheets, distinctive Colony clothing, furniture and food. (...) Extra food could be bought in the Colony store with special Colony money. (Nomination file, p. 95)
Crespi d'Adda
Derwent Valley Mills
Engelsberg Ironworks Angelsberg, Sweden
Fray Bentos Barrio Anglo
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works "The majority of workers had no possessions whatsoever: their tools, furniture, clothes and houses were all provided by the company. Payment was often in tokens that could only be exchanged in the general store." (AB ev)
Mining Sites of Wallonia workers city Grand Hornu, Bois du Luc
New Lanark
Ombilin Coal Mining Heritage of Sawahlunto
Røros Røros was a ‘company town’ and the copper works were responsible for work, transport, and food supplies, schools, and a few social services. (AB ev extension)
Sewell Mining Town "developed by the Braden Copper company in the early 20th century, to house workers throughout the year for what was the world’s largest underground copper mine, El Teniente" (AB ev)


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