Chichen Itza
Gebel Berkal

World Heritage Site

for World Heritage Travellers

Locations for playing sport

Sites which were constructed for sporting purposes. Three common groups of these are: Roman amphitheatres (for gladiator fights), Roman circuses (for chariot racing) and Pre-Columbian Ball courts (for the Mesoamerican ballgame).

The connection belongs to Human Activity connections.

Connected Sites

  • Amphitheater of El Jem: Roman amphitheatre
  • Aphrodisias: The stadium is at the north end of the city. (AB ev)
  • Aquileia: Roman amphitheatre & circus
  • Aranjuez: Plaza de Toros, one of Spain's oldest bullrings (1797)
  • Archaeological Site of Delphi: Stadium for the Pythian Games (various sports)
  • Arles
  • Bordeaux: "antique amphitheatre, the Palais Gallien (Gallien Palace)" (AB)
  • Bosra: Roman amphitheatre & circus
  • Bridgetown: Horse racing: The former grass parade-grounds are now known as the Garrison Savannah, and used as a horse racing circuit Link
  • Caves of Maresha and Bet Guvrin: The Roman Amphitheater: This amphitheater was originally intended for gladiator fights to entertain the masses (off website)
  • Centennial Hall: Used for basketball & tennis tournaments
  • Central University City Campus of the UNAM: Olympic stadium
  • Chichen-Itza: Pre-Columbian Ball court
  • Cilento and Vallo di Diano: Paestum: Roman amphitheatre
  • Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas: Olympic Stadium
  • Copan: Pre-Columbian Ball court
  • Corfu: The Esplanade Cricket ground Link
  • Crespi d'Adda: sports centre
  • Cyrene: Roman Amphiteatre
  • Delos: Hippodrome and stadium for the Delian Games
  • Dengfeng: Shaolin Kung Fu
  • Dougga/Thugga: Roman circus
  • El Tajin: Pre-Columbian Ball court
  • Epidaurus: Palaestra (ancient Greek wrestling school)
  • Fontainebleau: Jeu de paume, a French precursor of tennis : "Le cercle du Jeu de Paume de Fontainebleau accueille pour la première fois en France depuis 1740 (date du premier Championnat) le championnat du Monde de Jeu de Paume. Ce titre actuellement détenu par l'Australien Robert Fahey, sera défendu pour la septième fois consécutive du 20 au 24 mai (2008) par celui-ci".
  • Fray Bentos: historical tennis court at the residential area
  • Gusuku of Ryukyu: Shikinaen: The garden contained an archery field, as was usually the case with residences for feudal lords of Edo Period Japan (nom file)
  • Heritage of Mercury: Bullring (Almaden)
  • Incense Route of the Negev: Hypodrome at Elusa
  • Istanbul: Roman hippodrome. Its remains are close to the Blue Mosque.
  • Leptis Magna: Roman amphitheatre and circus
  • Lyon: Roman amphitheatre
  • Meidan Emam, Esfahan: Maidan Shah (Polo)
  • Mérida: Roman amphitheatre and circus
  • Nancy: Place de la Carrière was designed for equestrian games
  • Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin: Stade Parc in Bruay-La-Buissière Link
  • Oaxaca and Monte Alban: (Monte Alban) Pre-Columbian Ball court
  • Olympia: Various arenas (athletics, wrestling etc)
  • Palenque: Pre-Columbian Ball court
  • Pampulha: golf club
  • Paquimé: Ballcourt
  • Paris, Banks of the Seine: Jeu de Paume (early Tennis)
  • Pergamon: gymnasium
  • Pompei: Roman amphitheatre ("Built in 70AD, Pompeii's amphitheatre is the oldest and most complete pre-Colosseum style amphitheatre in the Roman world.")
  • Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos: stadium
  • Quirigua: Ballcourt
  • Rideau Canal: The world's largest skating rink
  • Rome: Roman amphitheatre and circus: Colosseum, Castrense Amphiteatre, Ludus Magnus, Circus Maximus, Nero's Circus, Maxentius' Circus, Circus Flaminius, Circus Varianus
  • Saltaire: Roberts Park. The park was a significant element in Sir Titus Salt's vision of what an "ideal" worker's village should contain and included from the start an area for playing Cricket - "Saltaire Cricket Club was founded in 1869, just 16 years after the opening of the famous Saltaire Mills in 1853. Roberts Park, a recreation area covering 14 acres and the home of the cricket club, was officially opened on July 25, 1871"
  • Samarra: "Three racecourses were built east of the main city. Two have an out-and-back course 80m wide and 10.42km long with a spectators' pavilion at the start and the third a pattern of four circles around a central pavilion (5.3km)." and "Tell Al-Alij is an artificial mound for the caliph to view the horse-races" (Nom File)
  • Site of Carthage: Roman amphitheatre
  • Syracuse: Roman amphitheatre
  • Tabriz Bazaar: Garshāseb Zorkhānāsi: a palestra (nom file)
  • Tarraco: Roman amphitheatre and circus
  • Tauric Chersonese: Roman amphitheatre
  • Tequila: Teuchitlan site of Guachimontones, ball court
  • Tikal National Park: Pre-Columbian Ball courts (7)
  • Tipasa: Roman amphitheatre
  • Trier: Roman amphitheatre
  • Tyre: Roman Hippodrome (horse racing and chariot racing)
  • Uxmal: Pre-Columbian Ballcourt
  • Verla Groundwood and Board Mill: Bowling Alley, built at the end of the 19th century.
  • Verona: Roman amphitheatre
  • Xochicalco: Ballcourt
  • Yagul and Mitla: ballcourt in Yagul


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A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
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  5. Be explained, with reference to a source