Wooden Churches of Maramures

Wooden Churches of Maramures
Photo by Els Slots.

The Wooden Churches of Maramureş are examples of vernacular timber architecture.

The eight churches were (re)built in the 18th and 19th centuries after the last great Tatar invasions ended in 1717. They were a response to a Hungarian prohibition against stone Orthodox churches. The small churches are built from thick logs and are painted with rather 'naïve' Biblical scenes inside. The most characteristic features are the narrow, tall clock towers above the entrance.

Community Perspective: these churches require a scavenger hunt to reach them, but that is part of the fun in this Romanian backwater. Some can be done without your own car as well, as testified by John and Nan.

Map of Wooden Churches of Maramures

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Malta - 13-Feb-24 -

Wooden Churches of Maramures by Clyde

I visited all 8 locations of this WHS in 2023. Unlike the Painted Churches of Moldavia, the 8 locations are not that easy to cover as a loop. I used Desesti and Baia Mare as my base and covered Ieud, Poienile Izei, Barsana, Budesti and Desesti (in that order) after an early departure from Suceava, and Rogoz and the 2 wooden churches of Sisesti the following day from Baia Mare. Make sure to save the churches' names and locations on Google Maps as finding their entrances and/or small parking spaces/lots sometimes can be quite challenging and not always that obvious due to similar but newer churches built close to them. Data roaming or a Romanian sim is a must to be able to contact the "holders of the key" in most locations. Try to time your visits around the 10:00-15:00 timeframe (some close on Mondays) but I would suggest trying your luck by calling the numbers provided just the same, as more often than not, the caretakers are the closest neighbors and will still come to open with a smile on their faces and collect a token fee if they are around.

The 8 wooden churches are quite similar to some of the wooden churches of the Southern Malapolska in Poland or the wooden churches of the Slovak Carpatians as an experience. The wooden churches of Maramures in northern Transylvania are a group of almost one hundred Orthodox churches, and occasionally Greek-Catholic ones, of different architectural solutions from different periods and areas. The architecture of all the 8 inscribed wooden churches is very similar with tall wooden towers, although they are quite plain when compared to the nearby Wooden Towers of eastern Hungary (tWHS). The small decorative details and the wooden mostly nail-less constuction techniques are evident in some and less evident in others. One of the top tourist attractions of the Maramures region is the Barsana Monastery (not the wooden one which is part of the UNESCO WHS) and it is like an open air museum. It is worth visiting if you're not pressed for time but shouldn't be confused with the WHS. Like all the Moldavian Churches, all the wooden churches locations proudly display their UNESCO WHS status with brown UNESCO symbol signs and some old information boards which need to be replaced. In Sisesti I also noticed a UNESCO WHS inscription sign in Braille!

As in most serial WHS, sometimes a positive experience heavily depends on the location you pick. In my case, having visited all 8 locations, I can safely say that the most impressive interior for its paintings is the one in Ieud, so if you were to choose only one of them to visit their interior make sure it is this one.



Germany - 29-Jul-21 -

Wooden Churches of Maramures by Nan

Frankly, I am a sucker for wooden churches, so much so that I see myself as biased and would implore you to not take my judgements at face value. For instance, I generally loath serial sites. And yet with wooden churches, I am delighted that Eastern Europe is full of them and I get to see even more in the future.

I have spent some time reflecting why I like wooden churches so much. Visits tend to be brief (30min tends to be a lot), the artistry rather simple ... And still I enjoy these visits more than the big run of the mill, awe inspiring cathedral. Or the absolutist Baroque palace. Or...

What I like about Wooden Churches is that these rarely are the buildings of the elite. These are village churches built by the local population with the limited means they had at their disposal. And yet they vary and each has an individual story to tell. While the artistry may be simple, it tends to be sincere and personal.

With this in mind I set out to visit the Wooden Churches of Maramures. Maramures is the Northwestern most region of Romania. Historically, it used to span into what is now Southwestern Ukraine. Nowadays, it's somewhat of a backwater.

Coming as a day trip from Cluj I visited the two easiest to reach churches: Plopis and Surdesti. Both are a 20min drive from Baia Mara and in viewing distance of each other. The Plopis one was closed and I hadn't made the effort of arranging the key. But Surdesti has fixed opening hours and I got to enter.

What sets these churches apart from the many other Central and Eastern European wooden churches, is that they have pretty tall, lean wooden towers. In addition, the interior of Surdesti was richly decorated by fabrics. As usual, I wish I could have seen more, but the two I managed to see were a delight.

Getting There

Hub for the area is Baia Mare. There are train and bus connections to all over Romania, the bus connections being more frequent and faster. I came and went with Fanny Bus from and to Cluj. Fanny operates both direct mini busses as well as normal busses.

Note: The Fanny bus station is several kilometers outside of the town. On my return, I had the cabbie drop me off at the town center and it took me more than 30min to get back to the bus station on foot.

While I am certain that there are bus connections from Baia Mare to get to the churches (see John), I only had 4h in town. I grabbed a cab off the street to take me to the closest churches from Baia Mare, the afore mentioned Plopis and Surdesti. Both are within walking distance of each other (but I was driven). The cab driver had a meter and total was around 150 LEM (25 EUR) including waiting during the visit. He didn't really know where to go, so we took some funny gravel roads on the approach. Parking is indicated from the main road; trust your eyes more than google.

While You Are There

The town of Baia Mare doesn't get the best rep. I found the hour I spent having a massive lunch at the market square quite nice.

Maramures as a region feels a bit lost, stuck in a corner between rural Eastern Slovakia and rural Western Ukraine. There are some beech forests in the area. Around Suceava, there are more churches (made from stone and painted, though). Along the way to Suceava, there is one more tentative site. In addition, you can visit the Dacian Limes (T).

John booth

New Zealand - 06-Dec-12 -

Wooden Churches of Maramures by john booth

Despite the lack of public transport I managed to visit five of the listed churches :

Barsana - accessed by bus from Sighet, the ancient church is located on a hilltop at the western end of the village. This should not be confused with the much visited Barsana Monastery at the eastern end, 6km away. The monastery is a huge 21st century complex constructed in the vernacular style, demonstrating that ancient construction techniques are still alive and well.

Desesti - accessed by buses running between Sighet and Baia Mare and descibed above by Els.

Sudesti - I accessed three other churches by taxi from Baia Mare. This church had an amazingly tall steeple. The interior wall and ceiling decoration was very flakey.

Plopis - only a short distance from Sudesti, this church also has a tall steeple.

Rogoz - The friendly priest drove 14kms from Targu Lapus to open the church especially for me! He showed me all the symbolic carvings decorating the exterior of the church, and explained their significance. The interior decoration was in surprisingly good condition.

Els Slots

The Netherlands - 01-Sep-10 -

Wooden Churches of Maramures by Els Slots

I visited 4 out of these 8 churches by car on a day trip from Baia Mare. The first one I headed for was in Rogoz. Memories of a trip searching for small wooden churches in Slovakia came to my mind – finding them in towns full of churches is not all that easy. Rogoz also has several churches. The “old wooden one” is at the back of the village, while the newer ones have prime locations. In fact, there are two old wooden churches next to each other here. The church was locked so I only had a look at its distinct exterior decorations sculptured out of the wood.

I then drove on to Surdesti. The church here is on a hill at the end of a tiny road. The rain had started pouring again, but I had come at the right time: there was a service going on (it was Sunday morning). The singing could be heard from afar. Dozens of people had to stay and pray outside. I sheltered beneath the gate, together with a begging boy and some latecomers. After the service ended, surely about 200 people came past us. I then could enter the church. The interior amazed me: it was like a warm home! Woolen blankets covered the benches and the floors. The interior walls are completely covered in vague, naïve paintings.

Afterward, I went back to Baia Mare waiting for the rain to end. I took along the young beggar from Surdesti church, who was hitchhiking by the side of the road. He wanted to get out at the next church in town, after having verified that the service was still going on. So he could get something from 2 congregations in one morning!

Later that afternoon I went to visit two churches to the northeast of Baia Mare, Desesti and Budesti. It takes crossing a mountain pass with about 20km full of hairpin bends to get to this secluded region. The church in Desesti is uphill, entered via a large graveyard. Sculptured decoration covers the outside walls, mainly geometrical motifs. Chickens are the prime residents on-site so it seemed.

The road from Desesti to Budesti is the prettiest that I have taken in Maramures. It's small and winding and passes through farmlands with the characteristic Romanian pear-shaped haystacks.

The church in Budesti is quite hidden in town also, the signboard had fallen down and I had to ask one of the old ladies in the street who were watching me anyway. A couple of men were digging a grave in the front yard of the church. The church here has bigger windows (a late addition?), so I could peek inside to see the paintings here.

Visiting these churches I think is as worthwhile for a look at rural life as it is for "just" the wooden architecture.

Florencio Moreno-Anega

Spain - 01-May-05 -

Great wooden churches built in 17th and 18th centuries in Northern Romanian region of Maramures, close to Ukraine and Hungary borders.

These churches are always in small villages. In order to get them you should head for the towns of Baia Mare or Sighetul Marmatiei. Churches of Surdesti and Plopis are not far from Baia Mare but I recommend you to rent a car as public transport is not very reliable there. Same with churches of Desesti and Budesti that can be reached from Sighetul Marmatiei.

Churches are not always open but sometimes the key can be found somewhere in the villages. You should get till there and ask about it.

Site Info

Full Name
Wooden Churches of Maramureş
Unesco ID
Religious structure - Christian

Site History

1999 Inscribed


The site has 8 locations

Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Presentation of the Virgin at the Temple, Barsana
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of Saint Nicholas Budesti, Budesti, Romania
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Holy Paraskeva Desesti, Desesti
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Ieud, Ieud, Romania
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Holy Archangels Plopis, Sisesti
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Holy Parasceve Poienile Izei, Poienile Izei
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Holy Archangels Rogoz
Wooden Churches of Maramures: Church of the Holy Archangels Surdesti, Sisesti, Romania


Community Members have visited.

Afshin Iranpour Alberto Peterle Alex Marcean Alex popescu Alexander Lehmann Anna Wludarska Artur Anuszewski Aspasia Atila Ege Aurora Petan Austra78 Bamse Bin Bodil Ankerly Bori Sári Brigitte Huber Cezar Grozavu Clyde Cristina Erba Dan Dan Pettigrew David Marton DavidS Donald M Parrish Jr Drinkteatravel Elia Vettorato Els Slots Erik Jelinek Eva Kisgyorgy Filip Murlak Fkarpfinger G.L. Ingraham GeorgeIng61 Gi Gianni Bianchini Giulio25 Hanming Harald T. Harry Mitsidis Ivan Rucek Jan-Willem Jancidobso Janklak Jarek Pokrzywnicki JeanK JobStopar JoeriNortier John Smaranda John booth Jonas Kremer Jonathanfr Jose Antonio Collar Joyce van Soest Jsalda Judit Dalla Juropa Kadet722796 KarenBMoore Kasienka5 KentishTownRocks Krafal_74 Krisztina zill Lars Jensen Leontine Helleman Lidiane Lisu Marian Lostrissa Lucas Del Puppo Lucio Gorla Luis Filipe Gaspar Luki501 Malgorzata Kopczynska Marcel staron Marie Morlon Markassonne Markus Marta Lempert Martina Rúčková Małgosia Łupicka Michal Marciniak Mihai Dascalu Mikko Miloš Tašković NCosta Nan Nihal Ege Pandapearls Paolosan82 Patricia1972 Patrick Matgen Patrik Paul Hilder Paul Schofield Peltzi Persian Globetrotter Petri Jurescu Philipp Leu Philipp Peterer Q Remigiusz Reza Richard Stone Roger Ourset Roman Bruehwiler Roman Koeln Roman Raab SHIHE HUANG Sergio Arjona Stephhollett Szucs Tamas TRAVELLERMEL Tcchang0825 Tevity Thomas Buechler Thomas van der Walt Tony Hunt Triath Tsunami VforMih Violeta Viv WalGra Walter H. Werner Huber Wolfgang Hlousa WolfgangHl Yevhen Ivanovych Zhenjun Liu ZiemowitFilip ZivaB Zoë Sheng