Sites connected to Slavery. Maroonage and Forced Labour do have their own connections, and are excluded here.
The connection belongs to History connections.
Antigua Naval Dockyard: "The construction of the Dockyard by the British navy would not have been possible without the labour of generations of enslaved Africans since the end of the 18th century"
Bordeaux: 18th century slave trade
Bridgetown: the fortified port town was able to establish its importance in the British Atlantic trade and became an entrepôt for goods, especially sugar, and enslaved persons destined for Barbados and the rest of the Americas (unesco website)
Brimstone Hill Fortress: Built by slave labour
Cartagena: "The Cartagena slave market, the largest in the New World, was held in the Plaza de los Coches" (orignally Plaza del Esclavo")
Cidade Velha: Important port in the transcontinental slavery
Coro and its Port: "Coro, French Republic of- Coro, a town in eastern Venezuela, was the center of a massive slave revolt in 1795. The revolt's leader, José Leonardo Chirinos, declared Coro a "French Republic" and announced that the new nation would govern itself by the ideals of the French Revolution. The Spanish government crushed the insurgents, and Chirinos along with his lieutenants was executed in December of 1796. The memory of Chirinos has been appropriated by the Bolivaran Revolution of Hugo Chavez and the airport of Coro has been named after him.
Diamantina: Its mines were worked by slaves. It was also the home of one of Brazil's most "famous" slaves who has become a soap opera figure "Chica da Silva"
Evora: Évora also held a large part of the slave population of Portugal. Nicolas Clenard, a Flemish tutor at the Portuguese court, exclaimed in 1535 that "In Evora, it was as if i had been carried off to a city in hell:everywhere I only meet blacks." A testament from 1562 shows that D. Maria de Vilhena, a Portuguese woman in Évora, owned many slaves, including Indian (Native American), mourisco, black, white, mulato, Chinese and other slaves. Maria's husband before she was widowed was Simao da Silveira who was involved in trading slaves. Her Chinese slave was used to take care of her mules. (wiki)
First Coffee Plantations: The coffee plantations were owned by French, who had fled from Haiti accompanied by many of their African slaves
Forts and Castles Gold Coast: The forts were used as depots in the slave trade
Goias: the church of Rosario, which was traditionally reserved for slaves (AB ev)
Gyeongju: "Records from the Kingdom of Silla, show some cases of large slaveholding and even the custom of burying slaves alive for the king's funeral." - The Historical encyclopedia of world slavery, Volume 1; Volume 7 By Junius P. Rodriguez
Itchan Kala: Had a very flourishing slave market
Lake Malawi: "Cape Maclear area was one focal point in the ivory and slave trade era"
Liverpool: Much of Liverpool's 18th Century wealth was derived from the Slave trade. The 3rd floor of the Maritime Museum is operated as the "International Slavery Museum"
Mammoth Cave: "Public tours by Negro slaves started in 1816." Nomination File
Mbanza Kongo: However, relations between the Kingdom and the Portuguese went sour as a result of the slave trade. Several texts were enacted by sovereigns from the early 16th century onwards to prevent the rise of the slave trade, which was robbing the territory of its vital forces, and condemning it to decline. It has been estimated that between 1600 and 1852, 3 million slaves were transported to Brazil alone from the coasts of Kongo-Angola that is an average of 12,000 slaves per year. it is not even known whether slaves were brought to Mbanza Kongo or whether they were collected elsewhere in the Kingdom. (AB ev)
Medina of Tunis: The "Souk el Berka" was the site of the Tunis Slave Market which sold the (white) Christian victims of Barbary Coast Piracy. This didn't cease until the mid 19th Century. It is estimated that from the 16th Century over 1 million Europeans, mainly from the Mediterranean, but also from as far north as Ireland and Iceland were captured by the Barbary Pirates and sold into slavery in N Africa/Ottoman empire
Meknes: Moulay Ismail's Habs Kara
Monticello: Jefferson kept slaves at Monicello -both in the fields and in the house "Thomas Jefferson made a habit of inspecting his plantation in the afternoon to monitor the work of the 150 slaves who worked at Monticello and his outlying farms. Always interested in measurements and record-keeping, Jefferson made extensive notations about his slaves and their duties in his Farm Book and Memorandum Books. For instance, he noted the rations his overseer distributed, the number of yards he purchased for clothing, the daily task required by particular slaves, and the cost of items purchased for use in the kitchen."
Olinda: The city is built on wealth from sugar grown and harvested by slaves in the plantations of Pernambuco. In the Pra?a da Aboli??o (Abolition Square) is a statue of Princess Isabel, who, in 1888, signed the Lei Aurea (Golden Law) abolising slavery in Brazil. She did this as regent whilst her father Pedro II travelled abroad. The law (signed in Petropolis) was promulgated in this square.
Ouro Preto: The main tourist mine is named after an African slave.
Portobelo-San Lorenzo: Slaves were traded here and were used in the construction of Portobelo. There used to be a Slave Pen where now the cemetery is
Potosi: "To compensate for the diminishing indigenous labor force, the colonists made a request in 1608 to the Crown in Madrid to begin allowing for the importation of 1500 to 2000 African slaves per year. An estimated total of 30,000 African slaves were taken to Potos? throughout the colonial era. African slaves were also forced to work in the Casa de la Moneda as ac?milas humanas (human mules). Since mules would die after couple of months pushing the mills, the colonists replaced the four mules with twenty African slaves."
Robben Island: The colonists began a vigorous policy of enslavement of the indigenous peoples and brought them there from other parts of Africa (AB ev)
Royal Palaces of Abomey: The Dahomey kings captured people both to sell on as to the Trans-Atlantic slave trade and to keep as their own slaves
Salvador de Bahia: Malé Revolt - "most significant slave rebellion in Brazil" 1835.
Sub-Antarctic Islands: The Auckland islands were briefly settled by Maoris from Chatham Island. They brought with them Moriori slaves. The Moriori had been the indigenous people of the Chathams who were enslaved by Maoris. "Sheep farming became popular and profitable and some Maori diversified into that. In 1842 one chief took nearly 30 slaves with him and his people and went to the Auckland Islands to live. The conditions were too harsh and the settlement was abandoned in 1854."
Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios: The ICOMOS document states "In 1827 there were (total population) 28706 of which 11697 were slaves working in the 56 mills"
Valongo Wharf: strong symbolic reminder of the arrival of African enslaved labour on the South American continent. Following historical records, more than 900,000 enslaved persons arrived at this destination in the final decades of the transatlantic slave trade. (AB ev)
Willemstad: Willemstad Curacao was one of the largest slave depots in the Caribbean, though, as it lacked a large scale plantation economy, the majority of slaves were transhipped via camps outside Willemstad. A private anthropological museum with significant emphasis on the Slave origins of Curacaoan culture has been set up in the Ijzerstraat area at "Kura Hulanda" which is said to be "situated on the site of a former slave yard and merchant's home".
Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Slavery?
A connection should:
- Not be "self evident"
- Link at least 3 different sites
- Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
- Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
- Be explained, with reference to a source