Bronze Age Collapse

WHS Destroyed during the 'Bronze Age Collapse'.

The term “Late Bronze Age Collapse” refers to the period around 1200 - 1100BC when a significant change occurred in the nature of the civilizations occupying the lands of, and adjacent, to the Eastern Mediterranean. This was accompanied by destruction of the cities of those civilizations, the demise of their Kingdoms and a transition period, after which different and, at first smaller, entities emerged. The causes of these events have been assigned variously to technological advances, natural catastrophe and migrations. Whilst the empires of Egypt and Babylon were significantly impacted they managed to survive and the changes were greatest in the Eastern Mediterranean. In Greece the events were followed by the “Greek Dark Ages” and are thought to have influenced the story lines of later Greek epic poems such as the Iliad and the Odyssey capturing both the past glories and the chaos of the period. See

Connected Sites

Site Rationale Link
Ancient Thebes Karnak
Arslantepe Mound Arslantepe is a testimony of the Bronze Age Collapse, as recent investigations have brought to light an interesting transitional phase following the collapse of the Hittite Empire in Central Anatolia and preceding the foundation of the Neo-Hittite kingdom of Arslantepe/Melid. The Hittite citadel was probably destroyed after the collapse of the empire but, between the end of the 2nd and the beginning of the 1st millennia BC, a new huge town-wall was built. (Nomination Text, p. 31, 53-54)
Biblical Tells In particular Meggido and Hazor – See
Mycenae and Tiryns
Troy Level VIIA see


Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Bronze Age Collapse?

Send it to me!

A connection should:

  1. Not be "self evident"
  2. Link at least 3 different sites
  3. Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
  4. Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
  5. Be explained, with reference to a source