Ahwar of Southern Iraq
: the centralized control of resources and surplus which gave rise to the first writing system and administrative archives (nom file). The earliest texts known were found in Uruk.
: Ezana Stone (written in Ge'ez (the ancient Ethiopian language), Sabaean (South Arabian) and Greek)
: From the Advisory body evaluation "Epigraphic traces of the pre-Nabataean period remain,and consist of some fifty inscriptions in Lihyanite script,which is specific to northern Arabia," and its conclusion "Through its epigraphy, the site bears testimony to the presence of many ancient languages over the course of history: Lihyanite, Talmudic script, Nabataean, Greek and Latin. It is of outstanding interest for the study of the origins and development of later Arabic languages and scripts."
: Champollion came here and developed some of the ideas which led to his decipherment of the script
: Source of more than 16000 cuneiform tablets
: Inscription in Elamite, Babylonian and Old Persian
: Byblos is also directly associated with the history and diffusion of the Phoenician alphabet. (AB ev)
: Includes hieroglyphic texts
: Libyan, Punic, Greek, Roman inscriptions at the site led to the decipherment of the Libyan language
: The Hittites used cuneiform letters. Archaeological expeditions have discovered in Hattushash entire sets of royal archives in cuneiform tablets, written either in Akkadian, the diplomatic language of the time, or in the various dialects of the Hittite confederation (wiki)
: Indus Valley scriptures (one of the oldest in the world)
: "Of special significance are early inscriptions, which form a valuable reference in the study of the origins of the early Georgian alphabet."
: Maes Howe - one of the largest, and most famous, collections of runes known in Europe.
: Slavic writing culture (and early Cyrillic alphabet)
: Early 8th-century Turkic memorials to Bilge Khan and Kul Tigin with their Orkhon inscriptions are admittedly the most impressive monuments from the nomadic Göktürk Empire.
Rock Art in the Hail Region
: The introduction of Thamudic writing, probably about 3000
years ago, is documented in thousands of inscriptions (AB ev)
: Sigiriya Graffiti, early Sinhala writing system
: Runic Script "Prominent among the 20 or more runestones of Southern Öland is the Karlevi stone, with a unique skalde poem in the dróttkvaett verse foot, commemorating a man called “Sibbe the wise”. - nomination file
: King Ramkamhang's Inscription - Early Thai Alphabets
: extensive corpus of pre-Arabic scripts (AB ev)
: many texts in Lycian and Greek, including several bilingual texts that are useful in the decipherment of Lycian
Yagul and Mitla
: Yagul: "a few of these bear hieroglyphic inscriptions" (wiki)
: Oracle bone script, "the oldest member and ancestor of the Chinese family of scripts" (wiki)