Built in the 2nd Millennium BC
WHS whose OUV derives entirely or significantly from 2nd millennium BC constructions. Where construction straddles the centuries the date of conception/commencement is used i.e which millennium does the site really "belong" to in spirit.
|Luxor ca. 1400 BCE, Karnak (from 1391 BC) (wiki)
|"the most important role of Ashur was from the 14th to 9th century BCE when it was the first capital of the Assyrian empire" (AB ev)
|The village of Battir, which developed on the outskirts of this cultural landscape, and was inhabited by farmers who worked and still work the land, attests to the sustainability of this system and to its continuation for the past 4,000 years (Nom File).
|mainly represent the period between 12th and 6th Centuries BC
|"This site gave its name to the culture of Chavln which developed roughly between 1500 and 300 B.C. (Carbon 14 analyses would indicate a starting date of ca. 1800)." (AB ev)
|Deer Stone Monuments
|"These include deer stone monuments dating from about 1200 to 600 BCE." (AB ev)
|"systematic salt production was being carried out in the region as early as the Middle Bronze Age (later 2nd millennium BC)."
|Criterion II: Hattusha exerted dominating influence upon the civilisations of the 2nd and even the 1st millenium B.C. in Anatolia and northern Syria. (AB ev)
|The nomadic group who arrived around 2000 BC at the end of the Bronze Age were the first to leave their imprint on the natural landscape in the form of many burial mounds (kurgans ).
|relationship to the "Middle Holocene Bantu Migrations" (3,500-2,000 BP) which were eased by following the Savannahs rather than the forests
|"Radiocarbon dating of pigments and charcoal from occupation layers indicate that the earliest paintings date to c 3800 BP."
|Site of religious worship since the Shang Dynasty (between 1766 BC and 1122 BC) (wiki), Confucius visited in 6th century BC, first temples date from 351 BC "an eminent monk named Lang, the first to come to the mountain, set up the Lang and Divine Rock temples" (AB ev)
|Mycenae and Tiryns
|Main monuments date from ca. 14th and 13th century BC, plus some 17th century BC grave circles
|The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his alleged victory at the Battle of Kadesh, and to intimidate his Nubian neighbors. (wiki)
|The sanctuary of Aphrodite in Palaipaphos dates to the 12th century BC.
|between 3,700 and 3,100 BP (AB ev)
|Rock Carvings in Tanum
|Human activity is evidenced in the Rock Islands from 3,100 BP on Ulong Island (AB ev)
|Su Nuraxi di Barumini
|"It is generally accepted that the central tower at Barumini dates from the later 2nd millennium BC." (AB ev)
|"a symbiosis of various cultures and traditions for more than three millennia" and "The majority of images belong to the Bronze Age (circa 1500 BC to circa 500 AD)" (AB ev)
|Necropolis of Pantalica: "Most of the tombs date back to the period from the 13th to the 7th century B.C." (AB ev)
|"illustrate the evolution of the island’s dry stone building practices for approximately 1,500 years, from the Bronze Age (1600 BCE) to the Late Iron Age (123 BCE)."
|ca. 1250 BC
|"struggle for commercial supremacy between Troy and Mycenae that culminated in the siege of Troy in the 13th century BC was immortalized by Homer in The Iliad" (AB ev)
|Writing-on-Stone / Áísínai’pi
|Most of the dated archaeological remains cover a period from 1800 BCE up to the beginning of the postcontact period (AB ev)
|the last capital of China's Shang Dynasty (1300 BC - 1046 BC)
Do you know of another WHS we could connect to Built in the 2nd Millennium BC?
A connection should:
- Not be "self evident"
- Link at least 3 different sites
- Not duplicate or merely subdivide the "Category" assignment already identified on this site.
- Add some knowledge or insight (whether significant or trivial!) about WHS for the users of this site
- Be explained, with reference to a source